7th Grade Writing STAAR Review, Week 1

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
expository
intended to explain or describe something
persuasive
intended to convince or persuade often through emotional appeals
argumentative
intended to state an opinion on a subject and to support that with strong logic and evidence
essay
a short piece of writing on a particular subject, usually expressing the opinion of the author
introduction
first paragraph in an essay; should get the reader’s attention with a hook relevant to the topic of the essay; should end with a thesis statement
body paragraph
paragraph between the intro and the closing that provides information and/or clarification of the topic identified in the thesis; should explain or prove how the thesis is true by providing examples, details, and explanations that support your main reasons why your thesis is true
hook
A sentence (or group of sentences) that get the attention of the reader; it has to be related to your thesis; begins the essay.
thesis
a sentence at the end of the introduction that clearly states the main focus of the essay; usually the last sentence of the intro paragraph; should be the writer’s opinion about a topic stated as a fact to be proven in the body of the essay
topic sentence
first sentence of a body paragraph that gives the reader a basic idea of the topic to be discussed in that paragraph; should be a reason why the thesis is true; should be followed by clear examples, details, and explanations
main idea
important information that tells more about the overall idea of a paragraph or section of a text
conclusion
final paragraph of an essay; the close of the essay
paragraph
a group of sentences that explain a single idea; should start with a topic sentence and include clear examples, details, and/or explanations
expository essay
presents information, discusses ideas, or explains a process
personal narrative
tells a true story about the author; usually focuses on one very brief but very important moment in the author’s life
persuasive essay
tries to convince the reader to do something or to accept a particular conclusion
transitions
words and phrases that provide a connection between ideas, sentences and paragraphs; they help to make a piece of writing flow better; they can turn disconnected pieces of ideas into a unified whole and prevent a reader from getting lost in the reading
organization
the structure of an essay; it should progress logically from beginning through middle to end
sentence fluency
the rhythm and flow of your writing, the sound of word patterns, the way in which the writing plays to the ear—not just to the eye
ideas
the heart of the message, the content of the
piece, the main theme, together with the details that enrich
and develop the theme

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