For many years the health crises have been addressed with a particular thought of improving the health and living conditions of over a thousand families living in the urban cities. It has been enhanced by improving the environmental conditions that people live in (Tsorous, 2015). Also in this project, the importance of carrying out the research is to see the merits and demerits of the planning structure of a specific town and how they compare to public health in general.
Therefore this paper provides an overview of the relationship of the urban cities infrastructure, planning, environment and how they relate to the health of the people around. It is from this research that the intended results will contend the researcher and also how the policy makers should be close to the lawmakers of planning and health (Tsouros and sparks 2015).
Environmental standards in which people stay around them have a greater impact on the health and shortcomings (Marx and Rataj, 2016). In the public health sector, one of the most researched areas is how the environment can contribute to harmful diseases that reflect on our lifestyle (Faskunger, 2013). Also, it is for the viewers of this paper to note that this paper will consider elaborating on how to improve on planning and structure of cities and the public health in general.
The concept behind these two relations on planning and public health is based on healthy cities movement as introduced by world health organization. This movement is important as it reaches and airs big proportions of substantial information to all people at launch (Tsouros, 2015).
ncept works the best when working with groups and large populations to address inequalities that will enhance people make decisions (Marmot, 2005). This information will be derived in two aspects that are the urban design and the healthy cities movement. The purpose of this paper is to clarify on the healthy cities movement. The following are specific points that show how the planning and structure are related to public health.
There are different social areas that contribute to a healthy city and community (Tsouros, 2015). According to the healthy cities movement, there are various social determinants that impact on a group rather than individuals (Ashton et al, 1986; Tsouros, 2015). Also these determinants can be referred to as the conditions in which people are born into, live and work within (Wilkinson and Marnot, 2003).
The following are the various social determinants food, various works, and the type of transport infrastructure in relation to planning these factors are a great influence to the health (Wilkinson and Marmot, 2003). It should be a great concern to address on the determinants since they are a great influence on health and how planning and structure relate in a certain town.
It is to the concern that ecological issues can be a major contributor or cause poor health (Rice and Hancock, 2016). There are infrastructures in the urban centers that contribute to quality health they include supply of clean water, good sanitation, efficient and adequate housing, and clean air in the environment that is not polluted, sufficient transport and proper drainage, high technology (Rice and Hannock,
2016). The variation of how these factors relate can contribute to a quality and standard healthy city. These ecological issues of the environment and surrounding can be of great impact if they are checked closely and can help to improve the structure and plan of a town in relation to the health. That is they go hand in hand with health.
This was outlined and set to achieve a specific health target and strategy by the World health Organization and has four major elements (Ashton et al 2010). They include developing best practices, monitoring practices, providing substantial support and sourcing data between cities that have related information. It works with a multipurpose approach on different ideas on the people, governments, experts and specific groups in the society to improve health and lifestyles of people (Thompson et al, 2014). So as to have quality healthy and substantial lifestyle cities that engage in the healthy cities movement must meet unique criteria to meet participation demands and fulfill requirements of engaging in the program (Tsouros 2015).
On the recent illustration the cities movement is focusing on prevention of issues that contribute to poor health in the community (Lowe et.al, 2014). This movement is of great relevance and importance since, it has different forms and has different strategies and recent internationally goals on health (Tsouros, 2015). It is also to our concern that the movement has operated for many years and has greatly taken care of social issues on health, political issues, deficiency on balances of health and has improved on ecological issues (Behold et al., 2014). Health cities movement is important to the global aspect on health since it has more than 500 cities that have been operating in it since the formation to date. This shows it is dynamic has offers quality and standard improvements on health in relation to town planning and structure (Tsouros, 2015).
The following are the political determinants that can have an influence on health, insufficient and slow professional work and poor engagement of the community. These determinants are supported by lack of public policies and laws, limited power, resources and money (Sparks 2009). The health cities movement aims to have standard and quality, sufficient and adequate power resources and money of which they are the basic challenges that affect health in people’s day to day living (Ashton et al, 2010).
With the aim of the cities movement working strongly in engaging communities with the political authority to enhance quality policies and establishing proper relationships with various groups ( Ashton et al., 1986). In doing so various professionals and disciplines can work together to highlight certain challenges and solutions to healthy environments and policies that contributes to the lack of proper health (Sparks, 2009).
In recent years important progress has been addressed in verifying and bringing out how the environment affect health directly or indirectly to the population (Lang, 2012). In various countries some factors have been considered to be the cause of poor health they include increase in population densities, poor urban and street connectivity, poor infrastructure. In a wider length, the factors are closely related to the impact of high congestion
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