Theatre History Test 1

Flashcard maker : Julie Noel
“Seeing place”
The word “theatre” comes from the Greek “theatron”, which means ________?
A place to act and a place to watch
The minimal requirement for a theatre “building” is __________ and ___________
Companies/Troupes
A term for a long-standing, collective group of theatre practitioners who have worked together
Crewing
The theatrical craft in which technicians execute in proper sequence, and with carefully rehearsed timing, the light and sound cues, the shifting of scenery, the placement and return of properties, and the assignment, laundering, repair, and change of costumes
Producer
The person who has the task of securing all necessary personnel, space, and financing; supervising all production and promotion efforts; fielding all legal matters; and distributing the proceeds derived from receipts
House Manager
The person who has the responsibilities for admitting, seating, and providing for the general comfort of the audience
Director
The person who controls and develops the artistic product and provides it with a unified vision
Playwriting/ Composing
A theatrical craft that is usually achieved away from the theatre building and its associated shops
Games
Historically, what have theatres developed in close relationship to?
Impersonation
The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs what?
Aesthetics
Theatre is an art because it combines emotions, intellect, and what else?
Masks
In the ancient Greek theatre, _________ was used as a physical and symbolic separation of the actors from the audience?
Presentational
The ________ mode of performance acknowledges the audience- as in the case of the nightclub performer who sings, dances, jokes, and responds overtly to applause
Representational
The audience watches interaction that are staged as if no audience were present in the ___________ mode of performance
Willing suspension of disbelief
Coleridge’s term for the audience participation engendered by way of empathy
Rehearsed
Theatrical performance differs from other kinds of performance because theatre is live, scripted, and __________.
True
T/F: The theatrical performance is live, with the audience and performers, who are aware of each other and mutually interact in their shared presence
False
T/F: Since the development of motion pictures, theatre has suffered declining attendance, revenues, and numbers of theatres in America
Rehearsed and repeated
Although films are recorded, we perceive them as having a greater immediacy that theatre due to the fact that plays are __________.
Television drama/ Movie-house films
Theatre audiences assume a one-on-one relationship with what is being viewed and do not communicated with other viewers, unlike viewers of ___________.
Story
What is a full account of an event or series of events, usually in chronological order called?
Episodic
A main difference between episodic and climatic forms of structure is that _________ emphasizes a broader view with a cumulative effect
Plot
The selection and arrangement of scenes that actually happen onstage is called what?
Dramatic structure
Reasonable balance, conflict and plot are essential aspects of what?
Climax
The final and most significant crisis
Subplots
Shakespeare’s plays typically included ________, which are secondary plots that reinforce or runs parallel to the major plot
Exposition
________ is the imparting of details about the past that are essential but not covered by the action onstage
Climatic
The dramatic structure that piles up people, places, and events
Climatic
Strongly opposed forces and limited time and space are conventions of common _________ dramatic structure.
Action
The central conflict and movement through a drama is referred to as the ________ of the play
Climatic
___________ dramatic structure requires extensive exposition
Episodic
The structure of William Shakespeare’s plays
Climatic
The dramatic structure that features a restricted number of scenes
Episodic
In _______ dramatic structure, the plot begins relatively early in the story
Episodic
_________ dramatic structure features large numbers of locales
Climatic
_________ dramatic structure features a restricted number of characters
Climatic
In _________ dramatic structure events have a strong cause-and-effect relationship with the action of the play
Episodic
_________ dramatic structure often features many characters
Episodic
________ dramatic structure may have a single parallel subplot or even multiple subplots
Episodic
_________ dramatic structure uses the technique of juxtaposition and contrast to connect scenes
Climatic
In ________ dramatic structure, the construction of the plot is very tight
Climatic
In _________ dramatic structure, the plot or action of the play begins very late in the story
False
T/F: The plot and the story are essentially the same thing
Complication
A ______________ delays the climax of a play
Conflict or Tension
The presence of ____________ is necessary for drama to exist
Resolution (Coincidental Resolution)
The term deus ex machina (“god from a machine”) is used contemporarily to describe a playwriting device that allows for a __________ to the central conflict of the play
Director and playwrighter
When asking “What is being attempted?”, the critic is addressing the work of the ____________.
Succeeded
Critical criteria includes the question “How well has the attempt _______?”
Worth making
The last question for critics would be “Was the attempt _________?”
Traditional tragedy
In _________, the hero or heroine is a person of social stature: a king, a queen, a general, a nobleman, etc.
Modern tragedy
In __________, the language used in the play is prose.
Meeting their fate
In traditional tragedy, the heroes or heroines ____________ with dignity after finding themselves in a situation from which there is no honorable avenue of escape
Tragic (Calamitous) circumstances
In traditional and modern tragedy, the central figures of the play caught in a series of __________.
Average people
In modern tragedy, the characters tend to be __________.
Both types of tragedy
In ________, the situation becomes irretrievable; there is no turning back, there is no way out.
Satire
The comic form of ______ relies on sophisticated language to attack evil and foolishness
Probability and logic
All comic forms require a temporary suspension of the natural laws of ____________.
Farce
The comic form __________ has few intellectual pretensions; its humor arises as the result of ridiculous situations.
Burlesque
The comic form __________ relies on gross exaggeration and occasional vulgarity
Upside down
All comic forms turn the accepted notion of things ___________.
Potentially cruel and unjust
Two ideas essential to tragic drama are the concept that human beings are capable of extraordinary accomplishments, and the notion that the world is ________.
Category or type of play
The word “genre” means _________.
Comedy of manners
___________ is a form of comic drama that emphasizes a sophisticated atmosphere and witty dialogue.
Heroic drama
Many of the plays of playwright George Bernard Shaw can be placed under the special heading of _________.
“Picture”; an invisible or transparent wall through which the audience looks at the other 3 walls of a room
A “fourth wall theatre” describes a(n) ___________.
Arena stage
______ provides the most intimate performance space.
Guerilla theatre
The type of performance space associated with street theatre is the ____________.
Fly loft
The ________ theatrical space utilizes the greatest amount of scenery and stage machinery
Arena stage
Elaborate scenery on/in a(n) ________ is impossible because it would block the view of other audience members.
Proscenium/ Picture-frame
Most Broadway performance spaces were built with the __________ configuration
Created space/ found space
The _________ is of special interest to experimental or avant-garde practitioners.
Created space/ found space
The ________ uses unusual structures with their original architectural elements intact, carving out special areas for acting and viewing.
Thrust stage
The audience sits on three sides of a _________.
Thrust stage
Chinese and Japanese dramas are performed on a ________.
Thrust stage
In one form or another, the __________ has been the most widely used of all the theatre spaces.

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