The Second Vatican Council Theology Religion Essay

essay A

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals.

Get Access

Merely a few old ages ( 1950 ‘s ) after turbulence of World War II ( 1939-1945 ) , The Western universe had experienced a besoting proficient, scientific, and economic enlargement that had given infinite people occasion to set their trust in stuff goods even while other 1000000s of people lived in lay waste toing poorness and agony. Militant godlessness abounded, and the universe was undergoing a sedate religious crisis. The Church ‘s response to the crisis of humanity as it manifested itself in the center of the 20th century analogues what John ‘s Gospel says about the John the Baptist: “ He came for testimony, to bear informant to the visible radiation, that all might believe through him.

The Second Vatican Council announced by Pope John XXIII on January 25, 1959-1962 became the mechanism of Church reclamation, the method by which the Church would increase its engagement in the life of Christ and became the symbol of the church ‘s openness to the modern universe. His purpose in convening the Vatican Council was to regenerate the life of the Church, to reform constructions and establishments that needed updating, and to detect ways and agencies of advancing integrity among all Christians, and by directing Christian presence in the universe to the plants of peace, justness, and wellbeing. He used the Italian word AGGIORNAMENTO ( ppt ) , its general significance is “ to convey up to day of the month, ” “ to regenerate, ” ” to regenerate ” . He called the council the “ new springtime ” ( ppt ) of life in the Church while staying loyal to the sacred patrimony of truth, as received from the male parents.

Vatican II “ modernized ” the Catholic Church. Engagement of the temporalty in the Holy Eucharist of the Church was made possible, and the reforms of the Holy Eucharist brought the Mass and the sacraments closer to the people so that they can take part more intelligently. ( ppt image of before and after of the old and new Holy Eucharist ) The consequences were instantly experienced most dramatically in the transmutation of parish worship into the slang languages throughout the universe. Vatican II opened Bible more to the full for the faithful in their engagement in the Church twelvemonth through the Holy Eucharist. It encouraged the temporalty ( through councils ) to help their curates in the work of the Church and priests ( through synods or senates ) to help their bishops, without in any manner confusing functions or usurping authorization.

Out of Vatican II came ( ppt of the 16 paperss highlight Lumen Gentium and Gauduim et spes ) . Most noteworthy were the fundamental law “ On the Church, ” in eight chapters ( besides called Lumen gentium ) , It introduced the scriptural instruction that the church as a whole was the people of God, including both clergy and temporalty. This reversed centuries of virtually expressed averment that the clergy entirely were the church. Both temporalty and clergy, the papers affirmed, shared in the priestly, prophetic, and kingly maps of Christ. The decree “ On the Laity ” and the fundamental law “ On the Church in the Modern World ” ( besides called Gaudium et spes ) charged laic people to set about their work in the universe in all walks of life as Christian careers, as a ballad apostolate which shared straight in the continuance of the work of the apostles of Christ ( ppt ) . This excessively undid centuries of accent on the clergy, monastics, and nuns as virtually the exclusive owners of Christian naming.

Pope Paul VI put it this manner: “ Our intense desire is to see the Church go what Christ intended it to be: one, sanctum, and wholly dedicated to the chase of that flawlessness to which Christ called it and for which He qualified it ” ( Ecclesiam Suam, 41 ) .

Vatican Council II besides honored with particular love the Blessed Mary, Mother of God, who is joined by an inseparable bond to the salvaging work of her Son. In Mary the Church holds up and admires the most first-class fruit of the salvation. In Mary the Church gleefully contemplates, as in a spotless theoretical account, that which the Church herself entirely desires and aspires to be. ” Following Vatican II, On February 2, 1974, Pope Paul VI issued a brilliant apostolic exhortation ppt ( Marialis Cultus ) “ for the right ordination and development of devotedness to the Blessed Virgin Mary. ”


One of the most active Vatican II Council Fathers was a immature archbishop from Cracow ( Bishop Wojtila ) . He made a important part to what was to go the Pastoral Constitution of the Council Gaudium et Spes on the Church in the Modern World, and to the Dogmatic Constitution Lumen Gentium. All this was to be of usage in fixing for his future duties of the Successor of Peter.

In depicting the chief orientation of his papacy Pope John Paul II declared in Mexico City on May 6, 1990, “ The Lord and Master of history and of our fates has wished my papacy to be that of a pilgrim Catholic Pope of evangelization walking down the roads of the universe conveying to all peoples the message of redemption. ” ( Video of JPII and his visits all over the universe ) Utube – Venerable John Paul II: The record interrupting Catholic Pope ( 2:31 min )

Since the beginning of his papacy the Pope undertook over 80 missional trips. He led the people of God into the 3rd millenary with the strong belief that the ‘nineties ‘ were an drawn-out season of coming taking us to the Great Jubilee of the Incarnation. He believed that the new evangelization is really much tied up with “ come ining a new missional age, which will go a beaming twenty-four hours bearing an abundant crop, if all Christians, and missionaries and immature Churches in peculiar, respond with generousness and sanctity to the calls and challenges of our clip. ”

After the ocean trip in Poland in 1991, the Pope noticed that, during the Mass in Warsaw, in the farthest parts, the immature people came and went off, drank beer or coca-cola, and came back. He was ever witting non merely of the VIPs, but the “ borders ” and placed importance on what he observed. He started the World Youth Day ( ppt of images of the World Youth Day ) , and the Pope gave his support to assorted signifiers of activity of the ballad people in the life and mission of the Church. This paved the manner to the really meaningful enterprises, some old ages subsequently, during the papacy of Benedict XVI such as the keeping in September 2010 in Korea, of an of import Congress for the ballad Catholics of Asia ; the meetings of African bishops who are of all time more encouraging the ballad people to keep places of duty in the sectors of evangelization, societal activity and in the Church ‘s educational domain ; and the important presence of ballad Catholics in the Continental Mission of Latin America.

The Witness of the Saints ( ppt of Saints from assorted continents canonized during the term of JP II )

Pope John Paul II canonized legion saints, and beatified blessed. He believed that the Holy Spirit raises up saints who show us exactly what philosophy lived expressions like, puting the good of a to the full human life before all those who seek exactly such a meaningful being. “ The really testimony of their Christian life and good plants done in a supernatural spirit have the power to pull work forces to belief and to God ; for the Lord says, ‘Even so allow your light radiance before work forces in order that they may see your good plants and give glorification to your Father who is in Eden ‘ .

New Evangelization

“ The look New Evangelization was popularized in the encylical of Pope Paul VI ( ppt ) Evangelization in the Modern World ( Evangelii Nuntiandi ) , as a response to the new challenges-that the modern-day universe creates for the mission of the Church. ” Pope Paul VI in his apostolic exhortation stated, “ We wish to corroborate one time more that the undertaking of evangelising all people constitutes the indispensable mission of the Church. It is a undertaking and mission which the vast and profound alterations of present twenty-four hours society make all the more pressing. ( Ppt ) Evangelizing is in fact the grace and career proper to the Church, her deepest individuality. She exists in order to evangelise.

Pope John Paul II saw the demand for a “ great relaunching ” of evangelization in the present life of the Church in a assortment of ways. In ( ppt ) Mission of The Redeemer ( Redemptoris Missio ) , the Pope presented a new synthesis of the Church ‘s learning about evangelization in modern times.

When Pope John Paul II used the term “ a new evangelization ” he did non intend a new message. “ Evangelization can non be new in its content since its really subject is ever the one Gospel given in Jesus Christ. ” He noted that there are a diverseness of activities in the Church ‘s one mission. He stated that evangelization should non be limited to single disbelievers but besides addressed to non-practicing Christians and to full civilizations ( those that need re-evangelizing and those who do non yet believe in Christ ) . When the Catholic Popes negotiations about evangelization that is new, it is about ( ppt ) “ evangelization with a new ardour, methods and look. ” It must be adapted to the people of our twenty-four hours.

Pope John Paul II would transport this subject frontward by stating that in order for the Church ( ppt ) to be an evangelising community she must foremost be an evangelized community. Before the Church can play a function in taking others to conversion the faithful must be converted. Missionary activity, declares the Catholic Pope, renews the Church, revitalizes religion and Christian individuality, and offers fresh enthusiasm and new inducement. ( ppt ) Faith is strengthened when it is given to others! ”

In Redemptoris Missio John Paul II sketches out some of the features of the new evangelization. ( ppt with relevant images )

New Evangelization is Christocentric- founded on the individual of Jesus Christ and His Gospel

The New Evangelization is the duty of the full People of God.

The New Evangelization is non merely for the foreign missions – both state of affairss necessitating primary evangelization ( ad names ) , and re-evangelization, or pastoral attention

The New Evangelization is directed to persons and to whole civilizations. – The intimate transmutation of reliable cultural values through the integrating in Christianity and the interpolation of Christianity in the assorted human civilizations taking to, “ a civilisation of love. ”

The New Evangelization is non limited to the presentation of the basic Gospel message ( kerugma ) but is a comprehensive procedure of Christianization. – involves catechetical direction, moral philosophy and the societal instruction of the Church. They are joined to God through the sacraments and the Church community.

The New Evangelization calls for a missional spiritualty – The cardinal activity of those called to be missionaries is receptiveness to God, of complete docility to the Holy Spirit. Receiving is the status for making the work of an revivalist. Harmonizing to JP II, In order to go through on the Gospel to others it must hold foremost permeated our lives.

The Catholic Pope ‘s call to a new evangelization is a prophetic and radical naming to the Roman Catholic Church. From the clip of JPII to Pope Benedict XVI, the Church continues to re-directed, re-focus its precedences, and commit all of the Church ‘s energies to a new evangelization and to the mission ad names. No truster in Christ, no establishment of the Church can avoid this supreme responsibility: to ( ppt ) proclaim Christ to all peoples. ”

The Clergy and Laity: Spouses in New Evangelization

Role of media in evangelization

Fr Robert Barron ( Catholicism Series )

Great escapade Bible series ( ppt images or cartridge holders )

Movies: ( cartridge holders from The passion Christ, Chronicles of Narnia, Lord of the Rings/The Hobbit, Les Miserables and picture of Fr Robert Barron ‘s reappraisal of Les Miserables )

Social Media – cyberspace, FB, Twitter, Utube, cod dramatis personaes, wireless, Television ( ppt images )

Theology of the Body

Christopher West ( cartridge holders from the CFC conference )

Youth ( cartridge holders from Fam Min – international faces )

Missio ad names ( clips/pictures from foreign mission )


Pope Benedict has made Christian joy a cardinal subject of his papacy and of the Year of Faith in peculiar. In this he shows the continuity of his papacy with that of his predecessor, John Paul II, and through him with Paul VI and Vatican II. Joy is the linguistic communication of human felicity. A fruit of the Holy Spirit ( see Gal 5:22 ) , it accompanies the religion that receives the Good News of God ‘s love to the full revealed in Jesus Christ.

Most late ( 2012 ) , the Synod of Bishops on the New Evangelization was convened by Pope Benedict. His message to the People of God is to proclaim that the Church continues Christ ‘s mission by attach toing world in its hunt for significance. “ It draws visible radiation from a Gospel transition: Jesus ‘ brush with the Samaritan adult female ( californium. John 4:5-42 ) . There is no adult male or adult female who, in one ‘s life, would non happen oneself like the adult female of Samaria beside a well with an empty pail, with the hope of happening the fulfilment of the bosom ‘s most profound desire, that which entirely could give full significance to existence. Today, many Wellss offer themselves to slake humanity ‘s thirst, but we must spot in order to avoid contaminated Waterss. We must point the hunt good, so as non to fall quarry to letdown, which can be black. ”

In the papers sum uping the Synod, it says that “ like Jesus at the well of Sychar, the Church besides feels obliged to sit beside today ‘s work forces and adult females. She wants to render the Lord nowadays in their lives so that they could meet him because he entirely is the H2O that gives true and ageless life. Merely Jesus can read the deepnesss of our bosom and uncover the truth about ourselves: “ He told me everything I have done ” , the adult female confesses to her fellow citizens. The evildoer who was converted becomes a courier of redemption and leads the whole metropolis to Jesus. The people pass from welcoming her testimony to personally sing the brush: “ We no longer believe because of your word ; for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is genuinely the Jesus of the universe ” . ”

Pope Benedict XVI makes an appeal “ that a new coevals of Catholics inside renewed may lift. ( Creatives: representatives of groups of people coming on phase as a response to the call of the Pope ) He called on Catholics to perpetrate themselves in political relations without any lower status composite. He goes on to name for a new coevals of good intellectuals and scientists, attentive to the fact “ that a scientific position that ignores the ethical and spiritual dimension of life becomes perilously narrow ( London, St. Mary ‘s College, 17th September 2010 ) ; the Pope calls for a “ new coevals of committed Christian laypeople capable of seeking, with competence and moral asperity, solutions of sustainable development ” ( 7th September 2008 ) . He called on the Catholic young person to go so strong in the religion – non beset by confusion or misinterpretations, but looking beyond the human weaknesss of single members of the Church and endeavoring for personal flawlessness in Christ Jesus – that the world and the holiness of the Church, its true face, will genuinely be known and loved by all the universe.

As we look to the hereafter we can cognize that, as in the yesteryear, Satan and the forces of immorality will ever be at that place, trying to destruct the Church The history of the Catholic Church will ever be full of pages of great and lesser saints who testify to that grade of the Church we call sanctity.

The Church of tomorrow will be the same as the Church of yesterday, of the last century, and of the first century. But like a freshly conceived human life in its female parent ‘s uterus, is a continuum, still the same life when it is born as it is one hr, one twenty-four hours, or 50 or eighty old ages subsequently. So the Catholic Church, Christ ‘s Mystical Body of today and the hereafter, will ever b the same Church Jesus Christ founded 20 centuries ago. Individual members of the temporalty, spiritual, priests, bishops, and our Holy Father the Catholic Pope alteration with the transition of old ages. Still, it is the same Church, “ one Lord, one religion, one baptism. “ ( ppt ) We are a Church Alive, throbbing with vivacious life! It is of Christ, the God-Man himself. It is human, and besides Godhead. With the eyes of religion, each member must see beyond its human quality and witness the interior Godhead world which is Christ ‘s Mystical Body.

It will ever retain its unity, its Catholicism ( catholicity ) , and ever remain apostolic ; the lone Church built upon the apostles and promised that “ the Gatess of snake pit shall ne’er predominate against it. ”

Ending Song ( Jubilee Song ) – ( mention to old Icon during the Jubilee twelvemonth and do it a relaunch of new evangelization with new stage dancing possibly a new agreement ) – reappraisal the utube version of Donna Cruz and come up with our ain version with relevant new evangelization images. Can we add poetries? ?

The Jubilee Song wordss

It ‘s a clip of joy, a clip of peace

A clip when Black Marias are so set free

A clip to mend the lesions of division

It ‘s a clip of grace, a clip of hope

A clip of sharing the gifts we have

A clip to construct the universe that is one

It ‘s the clip to give thanks to the Father, Son and Spirit

And with Mary, our Mother, we sing this vocal

Open your Black Marias to the Lord and get down to see the enigma

That we are all together as one household

No more walls, no more ironss, no more selfishness and closed doors

For we are in the comprehensiveness of God ‘s clip

It ‘s the clip of the Great Jubilee

It ‘s a clip of supplication, a clip of congratulations

A clip to raise our custodies to God

A clip to remember all our graces

It ‘s a clip to touch, clip to make

Those Black Marias that frequently wonder

A clip to convey them back to God ‘s embracing

It ‘s the clip to give thanks to the Father, Son and Spirit

And with Mary, our Mother, we sing this vocal

Open your Black Marias to the Lord and get down to see the enigma

That we are all together as one household

No more walls, no more ironss, no more selfishness and closed doors

For we are in the comprehensiveness of God ‘s clip

It ‘s the clip of the Great Jubilee

Open your Black Marias to the Lord and get down to see the enigma

That we are all together as one household

No more walls, no more ironss, no more selfishness and closed doors

For we are in the comprehensiveness of God ‘s clip

It ‘s the clip of the Great Jubilee

It ‘s the clip of the Great Jubilee…

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member