Eating disorders are more than just food eating habits because they cover broadly any feature that triggers or disturbs the eating behavior as well as weight regulation. Eating disorders include anorexia, bulimia nervosa binge-eating disorder and all the variants that are associated with these serious disturbances. All these disorders usually result from diverse physical, psychological and social consequences which affect the urge to eat less or more at different times. In the Lamott’s essay on hunger, much has been penned down concerning her experiences while she was suffering from eating disorders. She ate a lot of food but continued to grow thin and felt hungry each time (Abraham, Suzanne 25). Her eating and body growth inverse proportionality was really scaring and obsessive causing her heart to get funky and self-loathing at times. Much more experiences were felt but when a deeper research is done, causes of the eating disorders can be found and ironed out and analyzed (Abraham, Suzanne 25).
At different times, Lamott was suffering from anorexia. This is a disorder which affects a person’s physical and mental health causing them to eat very little. People with this disorder are associated with low body weight; food restrictions, strong desires to be thin and at times they have the fear of gaining weight (Oliver 1). The actual cause of anorexia is not biologically evidenced but some factors have been proven to cause it. Anorexia majorly originates from a stress-induced event or a life challenge that triggers psychological normal functioning of the body. Anxiety and depression also contribute significantly and soon it crops in and...
dominates the overall eating disorder. Bulimia, on the other hand, is an eating disorder that arouses people’s appetite beyond the normal and reasonable level (Goode 1).
People with bulimia are usually associated with overweight characteristics, eat a lot of food, and feel hungry each time. Lamott shares her horrible experience before she discovered her bulimia condition. This condition was majorly connected or associated with much depression. The outward look could be misleading because the effects are usually felt inwardly. From the story of Lamott, bulimia originates from environmental and interpersonal issues (Goode 1). Some findings of the past continue to support that the environmental, social-cultural and psychological factors contribute greatly to eating disorders. From another perspective, media can also be blamed as a contributing factor to eating disorder due to the fact that media images of slim celebrities create a motivation to the viewers of attaining a certain level of slimness. Various numerous studies have also proved that genetic predisposition has a significant impact in originating eating disorders. The studies confirm that all the eating disorders may be inheritable as a result of Mendelian inheritance (Goode 1).
Eating disorder as a result of social influence may take various diverse forms. First, they may come as a result of low self-esteem. A person may feel unworthy in the society and this can affect his or her eating habits. The end result is a disorder which crops up politely without anyone’s notice. The other social factor is pressure to become thin. Family members and friends tend to pressure one to becom
what he or she is not. They use comparison and contraction to gauge beauty and since the victim is desperate at becoming attractive, he or she ends giving into eating habits that are not normal (Oliver 1). The end result may be anorexia or bulimia disorders and all its consequences befall on the person. Other people use food as a tool to cope with negative emotions. Like Lamott who regularly drink to cool herself from days’ distress, many others do the same.
Eating disorder may result from various psychological factors. First, the victim may have had a past experience such as sexual assault which might have corroded the urge to eat. Other past experiences may include food poisoning or improper cooking which could change the attitude and mentality of the victims towards various types of foods (Mehler, Philip & Andersen 566). Some psychological factors are attached to various personality traits which include perfectionism, harm avoidance, and core low self-esteem. Others include neuroticism and other traits that are associated with avoidant personality (Goode 1).
A troubled relationship can also be a psychological factor whereby people lose appetite because of bad relations. People who are obsessed by stress are usually victims of eating disorders which grow strongly to yield depressions, anger, anxiety and loneliness. Interpersonal factors such as troubling historical experiences can affect psychological health (Goode 1).
Scientists have researched and found that some chemical factors also have a significant impact on eating disorders. There are some chemicals in the brain that control hunger and the entire digestive system of the human body and if some imbalance is encountered, eating disorder may be experienced. Brain chemical imbalance has been considered as the key factor in eating disorders because eating habits are dependent on the state of the brain (Goode 1). Recent studies at the University of Pittsburgh have reported that recovered anorexics show an extra increase in dopamine within the brain. This is a chemical which is involved in eating behaviors and reinforcement and majorly affects women. It has also been discovered that those women that have recovered from eating disorders have been found to contain abnormal levels o serotonin. These chemicals are directly tied to appetite and eating mood as well as impulse control (Buser, Juleen, Parkins, & Buser 79).
Women are the most affected and researchers concluded that women with certain types of anorexia usually have some alterations in serotonin even when they have stayed more than one year after recovery. When people tend to lean so much on harm avoidance, eating disorders are the expected results. People take a lot of care, become so precise and usually pay a lot of attention to ensure that they are on the right side of eating habit. While others are affected by their professions, eating disorders tend to take control of their lives and at times, it becomes part of their lifestyle (Vannucci, Anna, et al 20).
In conclusion, eating disorders are associated with various diverse factors which are physical, biological, social-cultural as well as psychological. In terms of gender, women are more likely to suffer from eating disorders as opposed to men whose effect is negligible.