The Cuban Revolution Essay
“Analyse the impact of the Cuban Revolution on both Cuban society and the wider Latin American world” The Cuban Revolution of 1959 has deeply shaken the economic. societal and political foundations of Cuba itself. nevertheless its impact on Latin America was non as predominant. The startup of Fidel Castro over Fulgencio Batista was the beginning of a Communist government in Cuba. which has now raised the life criterions of mundane Cubans to one of the highest in Latin America. Equally good as this. Latin America has been capable to countless radical activities supported and implemented by Fidel himself. Everyday Cubans during the regulation of Dictator Fulgencio Batista were restricted and powerless. capable to strict societal categories and poorness. “The high national wealth of the state was being unevenly distributed amongst the people. A big Cuban in-between category were ‘frustrated with their deficiency of political power and influence” ( Darlington. Turning Points – The Cuban Revolution Depth Study ) Fidel Castro. a pupil leader and attorney opposed the absolutism of Batista and organised the July 26 Movement to put to death a guerilla run that finally toppled the Batista authorities in 1959.
The Cuban Revolution had major effects on the life style of mundane Cubans. in peculiar benefits in wellness. instruction and the local economic system. However some questioned the benefits of a Communist government in Cuba. saying that the right manus absolutism of Batista had merely been replaced by the left manus absolutism of Castro. and that politically nil had genuinely changed. Political autonomy did non better after the revolution. which forced many people to fly Cuba ( Egan. I. 2011. An Appraisal of the Cuban Revolution. Retrieved 14th July ) . “However. the equality between societal categories established by communist leader Fidel Castro led to Cuba holding one of the highest standings of life in Latin America by the terminal of 1970. ” ( Darlington. Turning Points. Cuban Revolution Depth Study ) . The wellness of mundane Cubans under the regulation of Batista was highly hapless. with “infant mortality rates making 60 per 1000 unrecorded births in 1959.
Merely 6000 physicians were registered to pattern. and 64 % worked in Havana. the richest metropolis of Cuba. Castro ordered these physicians to be distributed throughout the remainder of the state. nevertheless when over half decided to go forth. he established 3 medical preparation schools” ( Simkin. J. Spartacus. Retrieved 12th July 2012 ) . A free wellness service was besides established to cut down the mortality rates of babies and kids. and “by 1980 infant mortality had fallen to 15 per 1000. which is still today the highest in the underdeveloped universe. “ ( Simkin. J. Spartacus. Retrieved 12th July 2012 ) Castro besides believed strongly in instruction. “Before the revolution 23. 6 % of the Cuban population were illiterate. 61 % of kids did non go to school and in rural countries over half the population could non read or compose. “ ( Simkin. J. Spartacus. Retrieved 12th July 2012 ) “The slogan “If you don’t cognize. larn. If you know. Teach. ” was the foundation for an instruction Restoration supplying free instruction to all citizens.
The registrations rates for primary school reached about 100 % due to Fidel’s free cosmopolitan instruction service. ” ( Simkin. J. Spartacus. Retrieved 12th July 2012 ) Equally good as wellness and instruction reforms. Castro’s authorities besides reduced and finally ceased the United States’ heavy influence on Cuba’s economic system. hence doing Cuba an independent state. Batista’s mandate of America’s heavy engagement in Cuba was resented by all social categories. and Cubans believed the authoritiess had ‘served the involvements of the American sugar market. instead than the people of Cuba’ ( Darlington. Turning Points – Cuban Revolution Depth Study ) . “American owned concerns within Cuba were shut down and much of the land that was in private owned by members of the United States was given to provincials as portion of the Communist government. ” ( Egan. I. 2011. An Appraisal of the Cuban Revolution. Retrieved 14th July ) .
“The American owned telephone company was nationalised. lay waste toing the proprietors. Castro’s authorities nationalised $ 850 million worth of American owned land and concerns. ” ( No Author. Spartacus. Retrieved 12th July 2012 ) “In the period of 1959 to 1962. Cuba experienced a heavy economic crisis due to the trade stoppage placed on them by the United States. endangering Cuba’s economic system. ” ( Egan. I. 2011. An Appraisal of the Cuban Revolution. Retrieved 14th July ) . The independency of Cuba from the democracy of the United States was a immense turning point in the history of Cuba itself and the wider Latin universe. The Cuban Revolution besides affected Latin America but merely minimally and temporarily. After the cease of confederations with the United States. Castro developed a strong confederation with the Soviet Union. who agreed to supply military. technological and fiscal support for the approaching communist Cuba.
Fidel organised a “revolutionary plan and supported radical activities and even invasion in the Caribbean country. ” ( Alfonso Golzalez. Castro: Economic Effectss on Latin America. Page 1 ) “Castro’s foreign policy provided moral and material support to guerilla motions throughout Latin America. in states such as Guatemala. Bolivia. Peru and Venezuela” ( Darlington. Turning Points – The Cuban Revolution Depth Study. page 27 ) and the constitution of other communist authoritiess within Latin America provided support for communist Cuba and Castro. This reflected the construct of internationalism. and the Marx political orientation that no revolution can stand on its ain. Cuba began to set up a relationship with the Soviet Union and an confederation was formed. with the Soviet Union holding to provide engineerings and other critical resources for the state that had been stopped by an angry United States authorities.
“Military and economic assistance was provided by Cuba to assorted African and Latin American states. Around 20. 000 civilian workers. including instructors. applied scientists. medical forces. building workers. technicians. were sent to over 40 states. and 1000s of pupils from Africa and Latin America were enrolled in Cuban universities and proficient colleges. ” ( Darlington. Turning Points – The Cuban Revolution Depth Study. page 28 ) Castro besides represented a strand of socialism ; intending “an economic system characterised by societal or common ownership. control of the agencies of production and concerted direction of the economy” . ( No Author. World Socialism Movement. Retrieved 16th July 2012 )
It can be stated that although the Cuban Revolution provided some foundations for the radical activity in Latin America. it was non a cardinal factor in the Communist motion itself. The Cuban Revolution was a profound turning point in the history of Cuba and Latin America. Under Castro. the life criterions and general well-being of mundane Cubans became one of the highest in Latin America. and the communist revolution began distributing throughout Latin America. Fidel continues to back up and continue a Communist government in Cuba even after the autumn of its major protagonist. the Soviet Union. The revolution was one of the cardinal factors in doing Cuba what is it today.
* Bunck. J. M. 1994. Fidel Castro and the Quest for a Revolutionary Culture in Cuba. Pennsylvania State University Press. Pennsylvania. * Chomsky. A. 2010. A History of the Cuban Revolution. John Wiley and Sons. Chichester. UK. * Dolgoff. S. 1976. The Cuban Revolution: a critical position. Black Rose Books. Indiana. * Goldston. R. 1970. The Cuban Revolution. Bobbs-Merrill Co. Oxford. * Lievesley. G. The Cuban Revolution: Past. Present and Future Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillian. Ohio. * Stable – Pe`rez. M. 2011. The Cuban Revolution – Origins. Course. Legacy. Oxford University Press. London. * Sweig. J. 2004. Inside the Cuban Revolution – Fidel and the Urban Underground. Harvard University Press. Massachusetts. * Wright. T. 2001. Latin America in the Era of the Cuban Revolution. Greenwood Publishing Group. Westport. ARTICLES
* DePalma. A. 2008. 1959 – The Cuban Revolution. New York Times Upfront. Volume 141. Issue 1. page 24. * Ferguson. H. 1999. The Cuban Revolution and Latin America. Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944. Volume 3. Issue 3. Page 285 – 292 * Goldenburg. B. 1966. The Cuban Revolution and Latin America. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Volume 367. Issue 1. page 167. * Turning Points by Darlington et Al in 2002 published by Heinemann in Melbourne. * Assorted Writers. Class notes on Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution. Received Term 2 2012. WORLD WIDE WEB
* Bettmann. C. 2004. History of Latin America. Retrieved 10th July from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. britannica. com/hispanic_heritage/article-60819 * Egan. I. 2011. An Appraisal of the Cuban Revolution. Retrieved 12th July from hypertext transfer protocol: //cliojournal. wikispaces. com/An+Assessment+of+the+Cuban+Revolution * Rayne. T. 1999. History of the Cuban Revolution. Retrieved 12th July from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. rcgfrfi. easynet. co. uk/ratb/cuba/cuba_rev. htm
* Simkin. J. 2006. Fidel Castro and the Revolution. Retrieved 13th July from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. spartacus. schoolnet. co. uk/COLDcastroF. htm
* Taaffe. P. 2008. Cuba. Socialism and Democracy. Retrieved 14th July from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. socialistworld. net/pubs/Cuba/cuapp1. hypertext markup language
* Teichert. P. 2002. Latin America and the Socio- Economic Impact of the Cuban Revolution. Retrieved 12th July from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. jstor. org/discover/10. 2307/164834? uid=3737536 & A ; uid=2129 & A ; uid=2 & A ; uid=70 & A ; uid=4 & A ; sid=47699122499227