Subjunctive Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Subjunctive?
The subjunctive mood is an English grammar term that refers to a verb phrase used in certain contexts to express a command, a wish, or some other concept that has no direct connection to reality. The subjunctive mood is often used in conditional clauses, such as those beginning with if, and also in subordinate clauses that begin with expressions of desire, doubt or necessity. In English, the subjunctive mood usually uses the base form of the verb (without -s). For example: If I were you.. I wish I had more time. He insisted that she leave immediately. The subjunctive form of verbs can be tricky for native speakers because it has been largely replaced by alternative constructions in everyday speech. In contemporary English, it is common for people to use would instead of the subjunctive forms like were. For example: If I would have known.. instead of If I had known However, using the correct form can help add emphasis and clarity to your writing. For example: I insist that he stay at home tonight. (stays home) vs. I insist that he stays at home tonight. (stays there) The use of the subjunctive mood can also be used when expressing emotion or making requests. For instance: It’s essential that they not be late. (imperative) vs. It’s essential that they not late. (request) In addition, when talking about hypothetical situations – things which could happen but may not – it is often appropriate to use the subjunctive mood since these situations are uncertain or unrealized possibilities.