Latin III 28 29 30

question

“Mood” is the ___ of expressing a verbal action or state of being.
answer

Manner
question

The imperative mood ___ someone to undertake an action; the indicative mood ___ that some action is or is not in fact occurring, or that it did or did not, or will or will not, occur; the subjunctive mood, by contrast, often describes actions that are only ___ , tentative, ___, ideal, or ___.
answer

commands, indicates, potential, hypothetical, unreal
question

The subjunctive is use ___ (more/less) frequently in Latin than in English.
answer

more
question

Of the six Latin verb tenses, the ___ and ___ ___ do not have subjunctive forms.
answer

future, future perfect
question

Subjunctive forms are differentiated from indicative forms in the present tense chiefly through the change or addition of a ___.
answer

vowel
question

The sentence ___ ___ ___ ___ is a helpful mnemonic device for remembering the ___ that immediately precede the personal endings in the present subjunctive of the four conjugations.
answer

We Fear A Liar, Vowels
question

As the term “subjunctive” implies, subjunctive verbs were most commonly employed in ___ clauses; one of the commonest exceptions, and the only one introduced by Wheelock, is the ___ subjunctive, which is used as the main verb in an independent clause expressing a ___.
answer

subordinate, jussive, command
question

In translating the jussive subjunctive, we most often supply the auxiliary ___, followed by the ___ (in the objective case if a pronoun, i.e., not I, we, he she, it, they, but ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
answer

let, subject, me, us, him, her, it, them
question

A negative jussive clause is introduced by ___.
answer

ne
question

A purpose clause is a ___ clause indicating the ___ of the action in the ___ clause.
answer

subordinate, purpose, main
question

Purpose clauses are introduced by the conjunction ___ , if positive, or ___ if negative.
answer

ut, ne
question

In a purpose clause, ut/ne may be translated as that, so that, or in order that (not), with ___ frequently supplied as the auxiliary for the present subjunctive verb; sometimes, when the subject of the main clause and the purpose clause are the same, the conjunction can be omitted in translation (or translated in order) and the verb translated simply as an ___.
answer

may, infinitive
question

The imperfect subjunctive is perhaps the ___ of all the subjunctive tenses to recognize and ___.
answer

easiest, form
question

For all verbs the imperfect subjunctive is form by the present active ___ + the present system ___ endings, active and passive, with the e ___ (except, as usual, before final ___, ___, and ___ , and both final and medial ___.
answer

infinitive, personal, long, m, r, t, nt
question

The present subjunctive of sum adds the usual ___ endings to the stem ___ (with the vowel shortened before -m, -nt, and -t); for the present subjunctive of possum, simply add the prefix ___ to each of these forms.
answer

personal, si, pos
question

The imperfect subjunctives of both sum and possum follow the normal rule, i.e., present ___ plus ___ endings.
answer

infinitive, personal
question

The imperfect subjunctive is employed in a variety of clause types, ordinarily when the main verb is a ___ tense.
answer

past
question

The exact translation of the imperfect subjunctive, like that of any subjunctive tense, depends upon the type of ___ in which it is employed; in purpose clauses, the imperfect is commonly translated with the auxiliary ___ (vs. the present tense, where the auxiliary is ___)
answer

clause, might, may
question

A result clause is a ___ clause indicating the ___ of the action in the ___ clause.
answer

subordinate, result, main
question

a command- ___ the consquences of an action- ___ the objective of an action- ___
answer

a, c, b
question

Result clauses are regularly introduced by the conjunction ___ ; if negative, the clause contains some ___ word (vs. negative purpose clauses, which are introduced by ___.
answer

ut, negative, ne
question

Whether positive or negative, result clauses can usually be distinguished from purpose clauses by sense and context and by the fact that the main clause introducing a result clause usually contains a qord indicating degree, including the adverbs ___, ___, ___, meaning so, or the adjective ___, meaning so much, so great.
answer

ita, tam, sic, tantus
question

In a result clase, ut is translated as?
answer

That
question

In a result clause the subjunctive verb is ordinarily translated using the ___ mood, i.e., without an ___; “may” or “might” are used, however, when the result described is only ___ or ___, rather than actual.
answer

indicative, auxiliary, potential, ideal
question

Latīna est tam facilis ut eam amem!
answer

Result
question

Latīnam doceō ut discipulī meī sint sapientiores.
answer

Purpose
question

Nihil vērō tam facile est ut sine labōre id facere possīmus.
answer

Result
question

Illī adulēscentēs sapientiae dēnique cēdant.
answer

Jussive
question

Pars mīlitum lūcem diēī vītāvit nē hīc vidērentur.
answer

Negative
question

Ita perturbātus sum ut omnia timērem.
answer

Result
question

The perfect active subjunctive for any verb is formed by adding ___ plus the personal endings to the ___ stem (identified from the ___ pricipal part), with the vowel ___ shortened before -m, -t, and -nt; for the perfect passive, substitute the subjunctive ___ for sum in the indicative form.
answer

eri, perfect, third, i, form
question

The pluperfect active subjunctive for any verb is formed by adding ___ plus the personal endings to the ___ stem, with the vowel ___ shortened before -m, -t, and -nt; for the pluperfect passive, substitute the subjunctive ___ for eram in the indicative form.
answer

isse, perfect, e, form
question

An indirect question is a ___ clause, introduced by an ___ word, which reports some question ___, i.e., not via a direct quotation.
answer

subordinate, interrogative, indirectly
question

Like an indirect statement, an indirect question is usually preceeded by a verb of ___, ___ activity, or ___ perception; but the verb of the indirect question, instead of being an ___ is a finite verb in the ___ mood.
answer

speech, mental, sense, infinitive, subjunctive
question

An indirect question is easily distinguished from the other subjunctive clauses, both by sense and context and by the fact that it is introduced by an ___ word.
answer

interrogative
question

In an indirect question the subjunctive verb is usually translated as an ___ in the same tense, i.e., with an ___ verb such as “may” or “might”.
answer

indicative, auxiliary
question

An active periphrastic consists of the ___ ___ participle plus a form of the verb ___, and can be used to indicate ___ time in a subjunctive clause such as the indirect question.
answer

future active, sum, future
question

quid principes bibant
answer

what may the princes drink
question

quantos honores acceperit
answer

how great an honor may he have accepted
question

quanta mensa expleretur
answer

how great a table might be filled
question

cur natae respondissent
answer

why might have the daughters responded
question

quando hic ridiculus roget
answer

when this ridiculous one may ask

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member