Situational Crime Prevention Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Situational Crime Prevention?
Situational crime prevention is a method of reducing the likelihood that individuals will commit crimes. This type of crime prevention looks at the specific environment or situation in which a crime is likely to take place and attempts to modify it so that criminals are less likely to act. The idea behind this approach is that if there are fewer opportunities for criminals to commit their crimes, they will be less likely to do so.One way of implementing situational crime prevention is through environmental design. Designing public spaces so that criminal activity can be monitored more easily or making it harder for potential perpetrators to access certain areas can deter criminal behavior. For example, installing better lighting and making sure there are no dark corners in an area can make it easier for security personnel or passersby to spot any suspicious activity and help discourage criminals from taking action. Similarly, installing locks on doors and windows can prevent easy entry into homes or businesses and reduce the likelihood of theft or vandalism occurring.Another way of using situational crime prevention is through target hardening, where valuables are made more difficult for criminals to access by adding physical barriers such as bars on windows and locks on gates. By increasing the difficulty associated with committing a particular type of crime, potential offenders may opt not to proceed with their plans. As well as installing physical barriers, target hardening also encompasses measures such as video surveillance cameras which help increase visibility in an area and serve as a deterrent against criminal activities occurring there. Finally, another key part of situational crime prevention involves targeting repeat offenders through targeted policing strategies such as hot-spots policing where police focus their efforts on areas known for high levels of criminal activity or proactive law enforcement tactics like stop-and-search operations where people suspected of wrongdoing are stopped by police officers and searched if they believe they have committed a offense based on reasonable suspicion rather than just probable cause alone.