Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding?
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB) is a common menstrual disorder that affects women of all ages. It is characterized by irregular, frequent, or prolonged bleeding that can severely disrupt one’s quality of life. The exact cause of DUB is unknown but there are several factors that can contribute to its development including hormonal imbalances, medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome and thyroid disease, and certain medications like anti-depressants.The most common symptom of DUB is abnormal uterine bleeding which may be either too light (hypomenorrhea) or too heavy (hypermenorrhea). Women may also experience pelvic pain or cramping during their periods as well as symptoms associated with anemia such as fatigue and shortness of breath. Other complications arising from DUB include infertility due to the disruption in the regularity of ovulation and menstruation cycles.Treating DUB typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications depending on the underlying cause. Lifestyle modifications that may help include reducing stress levels, exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet high in fiber and low in salt, avoiding alcohol consumption, quitting smoking if applicable, and reducing caffeine intake. Additionally certain medications such as oral contraceptives can help regulate hormones while some hormone therapies can provide relief from the symptoms associated with DUB. In rare cases surgery might be required if other methods fail to provide relief from symptoms or if complications arise due to severe cases of DUB. Overall Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding can have a severe impact on one’s quality of life so it is important for women who experience irregular menstrual cycles to consult with their health care provider for proper diagnosis and treatment options available to them. Although it cannot always be prevented it is possible to manage the symptoms through lifestyle modifications or medication depending on the underlying cause in order to improve overall wellbeing.