Central Processing Unit Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Central Processing Unit?
The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the backbone of any computer system. It is responsible for executing instructions given by the user or programs and performing functions such as calculations, data manipulation, and input/output operations. The CPU consists of several components, including an arithmetic logic unit (ALU), control unit (CU), cache memory, registers, and bus interface. Together these components manage the flow of data between the various components in a computer system.The ALU processes instructions given by either the user or software applications by performing calculations on data stored in the registers. The CU directs all activities within the CPU; this includes scheduling instruction execution, managing memory accesses, and handling interrupts from external devices. A cache is a small pool of fast memory located inside the CPU that holds recently accessed instructions or data to speed up operation time. Finally, registers are small pieces of very fast memory within a CPU that store information used during processing operations when needed quickly. The bus interface connects all these components together with other hardware parts like input/output devices and other CPUs in multi-processor systems. It also enables communication between different systems over networks via network cards installed on computers as well as enabling communication with peripheral devices connected to USB ports on your computer system such as mice and keyboards. In conclusion, without a CPU no computer system would be able to perform any tasks since it is responsible for most operations occurring within a machine ranging from basic arithmetic to complex program executions. The structure of today’s modern CPUs have evolved vastly over time to become more powerful than ever before while using less power consumption than ever too.