Amino Acids Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Amino Acids?
Amino acids are organic molecules that contain both an amine group and a carboxylic acid group. They are the building blocks of proteins, which are essential for life processes to occur. Amino acids come in two forms: alpha and beta. Alpha amino acids have a carbon atom bonded to four other atoms (hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur). Beta amino acids have a carbon atom connected to three other atoms (hydrogen, nitrogen, or oxygen). The key role of amino acids is as structural components of proteins. Proteins are made up of long chains called polypeptides that consist of linked alpha-amino acids. Each protein has its own unique sequence and structure due to the specific arrangement of the different types of amino acids within it. The different combinations allow for various functions such as providing support for tissues; acting as enzymes; transmitting signals between cells; playing roles in metabolism; and many more. Not only do they serve important functional roles but also play critical roles in maintaining overall health by performing vital physiological tasks such as transporting nutrients through the body, providing energy during physical activity, aiding digestion by breaking down food particles into smaller molecules so they can be absorbed into our bloodstreams etc.. Furthermore they also act as precursors for hormones like dopamine and serotonin both essential chemicals involved in mood regulation. In summary it’s clear that Amino Acids play a crucial role in life processes on earth by providing us with the necessary building blocks for making proteins which are then used throughout our bodies. So make sure you get enough from your diet since these little molecules will help keep you healthy.