Study Guide: "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson
“The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day;the flowers were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green.” Descriptive language is being used here to help create a mental image that appeals to our senses of vision, feeling, and smell. The following excerpt is an example of which literary term?
How many people live in the village?
Name some of the children who started to collect stones. Bonus; what literary term is present in this part of the story?
Bobby Martin, Dickie Delacroix, Harry Jones
This man conducts the lottery, along with some other civic activities. Identify this character and two of the activities he conducts, other than the lottery
Mr. Joe Summers; also conducts Halloween program, and teen club
Identify the postmaster. What is he carrying?
Mr. Harry Graves- a 3-legged stool
This is a key symbol to the story. It is seen to represent the tradition of the lottery, and has been put in use before the oldest man in town. Identify this symbol, state the name of the oldest man in town, and give 2 adjectives.
The blackbox; Old Man Warner; faded and stained.
The stones represents death. ? The stones are being used to indicate a deeper idea/quality that its normal perception. What literary device is in play here
“The Lottery” (in our perception) usually improves our life somehow, in which we get some kind of reward; however in this story, the “winner” of the lottery gets stoned to death. Since the opposite of what is said (“the lottery”) is meant. What literary device is this?
This is the principal one of these in the story. It describes Tessie’s change of heart about the lottery, from when she is anxious to get to the lottery, from her attitude when she is selected. Identify this literary device, and what the principal (literary device) is. It is defined as the underlaing meaning/main idea of a literary work
Shirley Jackson’s perception on human nature is not only seen in the excited stoning of Tessie in the story, but also seen in daily life. Since many humans thought the story was making this statement, they cancelled their subscriptions. What is this perception, and what are some examples of this perception of humanity outside the story? Also, give an example of this perception other than the stoning in the book
There is a bloodthirsty, savage-like side to humans; eg. gladiator fighs, mixed martial arts fights, video games, and how we look for the destruction on a car crash. When Tessie’s family is selected, she’d rather risk her own daughter’s life
At the beginning of the story, Mrs. Delacroix and Tessie Hutchinson seem to get along; however when Tessie “wins” at the end, Mrs. Delacroix grabs a stone so large she has to hold it with both hands and rushes it to the front. Since a the outcome of this scenario was the opposite of what was expected, what literary device is in play?
Name all the members of the Hutchinson family
Tessie Hutchinson, Bil Hutchinson, Nancy Hutchinson , davy Hutchinson, Bill jr
Identify the character: This lady says “there goes my old man”. She is known for picking up the largest stone and running to stone Tessie/
Identify the character: Her husband (Clyde) broke his knee, and she has a son named Horace. She draws for her family name, and at the end can’t catch up to Delacroix to stone Tessie. I
Identify the character: He’s at the front of the crowd when the stoning begins, and he says that they’re thinking of gibing up the lottery in the north village. this character represents situational irony, because his though process turns opposite at the end.
Identify the character: He is the oldest man in the town, and has participated in the lottery this many times. Something he says is “come on, come on, everyone”. Also state the number of times he has participated in the lottery.
Old Man Warner
Identify the character: She is the protagonist of the story, in that we follow her around. She is the main symbol of hypocrisy in this story. She runs late to the lottery, and ends up “winning”.
Tessie desires these 2 people to pick rather than her family. She represents a savage one of these, which is the authors (Jackson’s) attitude toward a particular subject in the book (hint: humanity
Don and Eva; tone
Similar to how humans are stoned in this book, a historical one of these can be the gladiator fights, Aztec human sacrifice, or even the Salem witch trials. Identify this literary term, which is a casual reference to a person, place, event, or another passage in literature. Name at least 4 other types of this literary device, and identify its purpose
Allusion; literary, biblical, mythological, geographical. Helps author avoid excess exposition and helps readers connect, also helps take a character outside of book’s limit
Identify the speaker: “I wish they’d hurry….I’d wish they’ed hurry”
Name at least 3 other last names who were mentioned in the lottery
Clarke, Delacroix, Anderon, Bentham, Zanini, Watson,
The oldest son in the Martin family
Identify the speaker: “You’re in time, though. They’re still talking away up there
Identify the speaker: “It’s not the way it used to be…People ain’t the way they used to be.”
Old Man Warner
Identify the speaker: “All right , folks. Let’s finish quickly.”
Mr. Joe Summers
Davy throws stones at his own mother without knowing what he is doing. He never realizes that it’s his own mother he’s killing. Davy represents this theme, critical to a dystopian society such as the one in the book
Blindly following tradition
Identify the speaker: “It isn’t fair, it isn’t right,”
Identify the speaker: “Time sure goes fast”
Where is the black box stored every night before the lottery? What was originally used before paper?
Mr. Summer’s safe of his coal company; wood chips
Name the process of starting the lottery
Mr. Summers had the make the list of the heads of families, heads of households per family, and number of members per household, swearing-in of Mr. Summers