Please enter something

Time period- 18th-19th century

Elements of the period-

Middle english: Time period full of political unrest and different invasions.

Romanticism:emphasis on imagination nature and emotions.

Naturalism: Scientific study of human relationships emphasizes evolution.

Magic realism: Reaction against expressionism

In this period writing was not extremely different from how it is now, Writing then expressed more about how times were back then. Writing now is about all kinds of different subjects. Writing in the 18th century could have different subjects but the variety of subjects were limited. Now the subjects are endless, The type of writing have become more simple.

Author- Mary Shelley

Author information applicable to this piece of literature

  1. Her Husband and son drowned.
  2. She got her Idea of Frankenstein from a dream she had.
  3. She kept her husband’s heart wrapped up in his poems.
  4. Mary shelley had a mental breakdown after her children drowned .
  5. Mary shelley did not publish the book under her name until 5 years after it was out.
  6. Her mother died when she was only a few days old.
  7. Three of her children dies.
  8. She fell in love and ran away at the age of 16.
  9. Rumor is she may have made love on her mother’s grave
  10. She committed suicide

Historical significance

  1. Society issues- Frankenstein shows how back then they treated you horribly if you looked different. He was an example of that; Frankenstein was to them considered a big ugly monster. If he were alive today walking around would we think he was a monster or would we say except him because he was just born differently. Society has truly evolved it shows that back then being different was not excepted.
  2. Intelligence Growth- Humans capability was amazing back then, We just didn’t know how to use it. Over time technology has increased drastically, Scientist would have freaked out if they were able to witness all that has come.
  3. Language difference- Her writing shows how English has been spoken so many ways. Over the years english has just been becoming more and more simplified.
  4. Self awareness- In this novel she shows how selfish people were. She also shows the care of others but her writing shows how the world has become more caring of others but still has that bit of selfishness in us.
  5. Revolution- The novel was written and taken place in the 18th-19th century we can also see how the government or leadership has taken so many different turns now of days our leader or “king” would be known as House of representatives, The senate, and the President.

summary- Each chapter or group chapters of no more than 5

Chapter 1-5

In the beginning of the story victor’s family is looking at orphanages to find victor a good women to soon marry. They adopted a beautiful young women named Elizabeth Lavenza. Victor knew he loved her when they were young. As Victor grew older he went on to college and studied Philosophy. After college victor wanted more, He wanted to figure out the meaning of life and how to create life.

Victor created his very own monster. He did not think about his monster having feelings or opinions. His creation was so amazing until he was alive, Victors creation backfired on him. He became ill for several months because of his terrifying creation. While he was recovering his best friend Henry Clerval was by his side helping.

Chapter 6-10 While victor was recovering back home in Geneva his youngest brother was murdered, Justine was accused of the murder. Victor did not believe that Justine killed him, he believed that his monster committed the murder. After Justine was executed. When victor finds out about both deaths he is devastated, he walks past where his brothers body was found grieving night after night. He watches the monster just waiting to seek revenge he knows justine was not guilty it was the monster. Victor couldn’t find the write words in time to save her life. Elizabeth thought Justine was innocent too but only Victor could have stopped the execution by telling them his monster killed his brother but he never did.

Victor falls into a depression that is taking everything out of him he doesn’t even want to live at this point. His father takes them on a little vacation the that mountains Victor feels a bit better but later falls back into his depression. He continues to try to better himself he takes a walk on the glacier then sees an object moving, the object is moving towards his faster and faster it turns out to be his monster,Victor is terrified and is screaming at him hysterically to get away. As victor calms down they go into a cave and talk about the things that have been happening to his monster.

Chapter 11-15

In chapters 11-12 Is where the monster really realizes what his appearance is. He continues to try to meet people but he sees they keep shrieking and running away from him in fear he tells victor. All he wants is a friend but no one will even give him the time of day. He sees his reflection in water and is confused on why Victor made him like this because he looks so different no one wants to be his friend.

The monster begins to pick up on how people communicate by watching the cottagers Felix and Agatha saying different sounds with motions. He began to try so he eventually learned how to talk and have conversation. Although the monster is learning that does not mean he isn’t lonely and sad. He still has no friends and he literally has no one to talk to he begins to realize he doesn’t even have a real name.

Over time of the monster being by himself he has learned so much and now it is spring he is still watching the cottagers they are basically neighbors. A women shows up to the cottagers home they are so excited but the monster does not know who she is. He is still watching them he learns that her name is Safie and she does not speak their language so as she learns so does he. As the monster stays and continues to watch he learns that De Lacey and Safie are actually in a relationship they lost all their wealth when they were kicked out of France for trying to help safie’s father who was accused of murder escape from prison. After, the monster learns this information he becomes more and more eager to learn he finds books in the woods and begins to read them. He loves to read, in those books he found that his life was extremely relatable to the stories.

Chapters 16-20

With the monster being able to read now he was beginning to read everything. He one day found a couple of victors letters in his pockets. The monster them realized the letters were about him and they were very hurtful made him pretty angry and sad towards victor for writing those things about him. When the monster finds victor on the glacier he tells him all of this then tells him he has a request for a female companion. Victor then continued to tell him not but the monster threatened him so of course victor then agreed. He is still hesitant because of all the work he has to do to create her and the outcome it may have.

Victor postpones the wedding to work on the monsters request. He quickly settles down and set up his laboratory in a small shed. As victor begins he work he is thinking of all the possibilities that could happen. Victor continues then takes a moment while he is thinking to just look around he then sees the monster in the window just giving him a horrible grin, Victor immediately regrets his decision of creating a companion for him because it could only make the situation worse. He then takes it upon himself to destroy his creation because he didn’t know what the outcome would be. The monster was extremely angry he swore he would see victor on his wedding day and he will get his revenge.

Victor then of course is scared he tries to flee he gets on a boat hoping the boat would just carry him off far into the sea. But he then hits land and is accused of murder.

Chapters 21-23

Victor is accused of murder because a group of villagers said they saw the body on the beach then saw a boat that looked just like his sailing away. Victor then, was able to see the body he then realized it was his best friend Henry clerval. He was taken to prison in prison he was so devastated because of the loss he became ill again. He knew the monster had done it and framed him. After being in Prison for a while he is finally found not guilty. He returns back to Geneva with his Father Alphonse.

As victor returns home his father and him begin to plan Elizabeth and his wedding. He has fear in his heart that the monster will show up on his wedding day to fight him. As long as the feud between them is over he does not care who wins or loses. The night before the wedding victor and Elizabeth go to a cottage as they prepare for bed victor checks the house for the monster. He hears Elizabeth scream as he runs to her, he sees her body dead the monster was never after him he was after the ones he loved.

Chapter 24

As Victor griefs over all the deaths of his loved ones he tracks the monster day and night. As he does this he goes to the north on the glaciers and he meets Walton. When he meets Walton he tells him all of the tragedy. They both board a ship and continue the journey, then they get trapped in the ice. After they break free of the ice and are about to head back home Victor sadly dies.

Walton grieving then, goes to victor’s body and sees the monster over his crying. The monster is crying and regretting his horrible decisions. He tells waltons his stories and says he is ready to die he then leaves the ship and just fades into the darkness.

Characters –Descriptions and identified with use of quotes

  1. Victor Frankenstein: Mad scientist; “It was the secrets of heaven and earth that I desired to learn; and whether it was the outward substance of things or the inner” Victor when he was young was a curious young boy. His father did not support all of his ideas but as he had gotten older he met all kinds of people. The people he met supported his ideas told him to pursue his dream of finding out things about how life is created and how the earth works, so he took his curiosity and put it to work. He overcame his fears and found the meaning of life then realized that may have been a mistake.
  2. The monster: Frankenstein creation; ‘You must create a female for me with whom I can live in the interchange of those sympathies necessary for my being. This you alone can do, and I demand it of you as a right which you must not refuse to concede.’ Victor created this monster because he wanted to know how life is created. He did not think anything of the monster having feelings or being able to learn all of these new abilities. Victor’s creation was truly amazing but victor and his town did not agree with that.
  3. Robert walton: Letter Writer; “I saw the hideous phantasm of a man stretched out, and then, on the working of some powerful engine, show signs of life and stir with an uneasy, half-vital motion.” Walton is a character that is a man who wanted his and whatever he did throughout his day to be recorded he turned them into stories which were his letters he wrote to his sister. He supported victors views, He soon came to realize that was also a mistake.
  4. Alphonse Frankenstein:Frankenstein’s Father;”do not waste your time upon this; it is sad trash’ Alphonse is Victor’s father he did no support most of victors scientist ideas.
  5. Elizabeth Lavenza:Frankenstein Fiancée;”We called each other familiarly by the name of cousin” “my more than sister, since till death she was to be mine only.” Elizabeth is victors fiancée who is also his cousin. His mother loves her but unfortunately they were never able to marry.
  6. Henry Clerval: Frankenstein’s childhood friend;’a being formed in the ‘very poetry of nature”
  7. William Frankenstein: Victor’s younger brother;” Hideous monster Let me go. My papa is a syndic”
  8. Justine Moritz: A young girl adopted Frankenstein family(Accused of murder);’I did confess but I confessed a lie” “He is more convinced of your innocence than I was; for even when he heard that you had confessed,he did not credit it.” Justine was adopted into the family, she was an orphan the Frankenstein family adopted but as time went on she was then accused of murder.
  9. Caroline Beaufort: Frankenstein mother;”This expectation will now be the consolation of your father.” Caroline is victor’s mother she loved the idea of Victor and Elizabeth being married.
  10. Beaufort: Victors grandfather;
  11. Cottagers: Cottager family that disowns Frankenstein (Felix,Agatha,De Lacey,And Safie); “When I thought of my friends, of the mild voice of De Lacey, the gentle eyes of Agatha, and the exquisite beauty. When I reflected that they had spurned and deserted me, anger returned, a rage of anger; and, unable to injure anything human, I turned my fury towards inanimate objects. After having destroyed every vestige of cultivation in the garden, I waited with forced impatience until the moon had sunk to commence my operation” The peasants wanted nothing to do with the monster but De Lacey was a blind man so he could not see him as a monster. He wanted to be the monsters friend but his family did not agree with that.
  12. M.waldman: science professor; Walman pushed Frankenstein to actually make his ideas come to life. He helped him better Frankenstein as a scientist
  13. M.Krempe: Philosopher;”A little squat man with a gruff voice and a repulsive countenance’
  14. Mr.Kirwin:Accuser (Town Magistrate);’An old benevolent man with calm and mild manners.” He accused justine of murder.

Themes- use quotes to establish the theme

  1. Dedication- One man’s life or death were but a small price to pay for the acquirement of the knowledge which I sought, for the dominion I should acquire and transmit over the elemental foes of our race. (Shows the theme of dedication)
  2. Trama-“It is with considerable difficulty that I remember the original era of my being; all the events of that period appear confused and indistinct. By degrees, I remember, a stronger light pressed upon my nerves, so that I was obliged to shut my eyes” (Shows that the past was very traumatizing. This is showing that in this time period of the book this was a scary time.)
  3. Society- “you, who call Frankenstein your friend, seem to have a knowledge of crimes and his misfortunes. But in detail which he gave you of them he could not sum up the hours and months of misery which I endured,wasting in impotent passions. For while I destroyed his hopes, I did not satisfy my own desires.” (Shows that society was extremely judgemental towards Frankenstein because he looked different.)
  4. Domestic Affection- Victor was in love with his cousin, his fiancée is also his cousin “My more than sister,Since till death she was to only be mine”

Symbolism- please provide quotes

  1. Good and bad- “When you read there writings, life appears to consist in a warm sun and garden of roses- in the smiles and frowns of fair enemy”
  2. Fire- I say fire because the monster had a bit of an altercation with the cottagers and after that he was full of anger. Which in the story was symbolized as fire like fury.
  3. Discovery/explore- Walton set out on his journey. Where he met Victor and that symbolize discovery because he found new things along the way.
  4. The bible- In the novel they mention Adam which is a reference to the bible. “Remember that I am thy creature; I ought to be thy Adam,but I am rather the fallen angle.”
  5. Royalty- The Frankensteins were able to adopt two girls and still afford to live nicely, there social class was pretty high as well “it would be unfair to keep her in poverty and want,when providence afforded her such powerful protection”

Literary devices w/ examples

Gothic- This novel takes a dark turn which makes it seem more of a gothic dark story “The form of the monster on whom I had bestowed existence was forever before my eyes, and I raved incessantly concerning him,

Plot- Tragedy is very recurring in the story. Multiple deaths happen in the story between families and failures. “His limbs were nearly frozen, and his body dreadfully emaciated bu fatigue and suffering.”

Conflict- Victor struggled throughout the story with his science and people not supporting his decisions. “Don’t waste your time upon this, it is sad trash”

Foreshadowing- “my more than sister, since till death she was to be only mine” Victor said this when he first met Elizabeth, Predicting that she was his one and only which turned out to be true may not made it to marriage but like he said until death which that did happen.

Euphemism- Being frank happens often throughout the novel “it gives me the greatest delight to see you ; but tell me how you left my father,brothers,and Elizabeth.”

Quotes w/ explanation (or line # with explanation)

  1. ”A human being in perfection ought always to preserve a calm and peaceful mind,and never to allow passion or transitory desire to disturb his tranquility” Relaxation should always be a priority.
  2. ”Learn from me, if not by my precepts,at least by my example” He is trying to help others learn from his own mistakes so they don’t make the same ones.
  3. ”There is something at work in my soul,which I do not understand” You feel a change in you body coming but you just don’t quite understand it yet.
  4. ”A new light seemed to dawn upon my mind; and bounding with joy” Victor had just discovered something amazing, He was happy.
  5. ”Nothing is so painful the the human mind as a great and sudden change” This quote is pretty self explanatory change can be super difficult for us.


  1. Livid
  2. Wretch
  3. Convulsed
  4. Dim
  5. Horrid

Examples of Imagery- Quotes please

  1. ”We heard the ground sea; and before night the ice broke, and freed our ship. We,however,lay to until the morning, fearing to encounter in the dark those large loose masses which float about after the breaking up of the ice”
  2. ”This child was thin, and very fair. Her hair was the brightest living gold,and, despite the poverty of her clothing seemed to set a crown of distinction on her head.”
  3. ” I kept my workshop of filthy creation: my eyeballs were starting from their sockets”
  4. ” In the meanwhile also the black ground was covered with herbage,and the green banks interspersed with innumerable flowers,sweet to the scent and the eyes stars of pale radiance among the moonlight woods.”

Allusions within the work/ Connections to other works where others have alluded to this piece of literature – QUOTE please

  1. “Remember that I am thy creature ; I ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angle”.
  2. “Some soften feelings stole into my heart and dared to whisper paradisiacal dreams of love and joy; but the apple was already eaten”
  3. “But it all was a dream; no eve soothed my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone.”
Artificial Intelligence And Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
2092 words 5 pages

Frankenstein is an old classic around a scientist who makes a monster and the dreadful occasions he accidentally causes (Rushing 68). Victor Frankenstein is a hard-working man at the university who finds how to give life to a dead body and uses his knowledge to make a man-monster. He trusts his discovery will prompt further […]

Read more
Frankenstein Intelligent Machines Science
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
1264 words 3 pages

The novel utilizes the themes that were common at the moment it was written and published. Mary Frankenstein is worried about the utilization of technology for both evil and desirable reasons, and the entrance of technology into current way of living. She focuses on each issue in the book; however, some problems are not completely […]

Read more
Wuthering Heights and Frankenstein
3468 words 7 pages

Theme of the divided self within Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Thematically, the divided self is one of the most interesting themes within both novels and is of great importance to the development or ruin of the characters in both Wuthering Heights and Frankenstein. Both authors when primarily exploring this theme focus […]

Read more
Frankenstein Literature Wuthering Heights
Frankenstein biography, settin
10356 words 20 pages

Most people know of Mary Shelley as the writer of Frankenstein and the wife of the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. However, she was far more than that, and parts of her life were just as dramatic and tragic, if not more so, than her famous gothic novel. Mary’s parents were themselves well-known in English society […]

Read more
Frankenstein Literature Mary Shelley
Frankenstein And English Romanticism Essay Example
1495 words 3 pages

The literary world embraced English romanticism when it began to emerge and was so taken by its elements that it is still a beloved experience for the reader of today. Romanticism “has crossed all social boundaries,” and it was during the seventeenth and eighteenth century, it found its way into almost every niche in the […]

Read more
Frankenstein Mary Shelley Romanticism
FRANKENSTEIN Persuasive Essay Example
5146 words 10 pages

The term Gothic conjures up images of frightened women, graveyards, and haunted castles in the mist, popular settings for horror films. But is this what Gothic means? The Oxford Companion to English Literature defines Gothic as, Tales of the macabre, fantastic, and supernatural, usually set amid haunted castles, graveyards, ruins and wild picturesque landscapes (Drabble […]

Read more
Frankenstein Gothic Fiction Mary Shelley
The Existence of Evil and the Threat of Science in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
1650 words 4 pages

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a gothic narrative that portrays the destructive nature of modern knowledge, especially when it is pursued without moral restraints. The creation of the monster by Victor Frankenstein illustrates the destructive powers of unlimited knowledge in the hands of individuals obsessed with scientific adventure and new discoveries. Although the novel is written […]

Read more
Evil Existence Frankenstein Mary Shelley Religion Science
Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus Analysis
933 words 2 pages

In the history of world literature there exist the names, which are destined to live for an exceedingly long time. The novel “Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus” (1818), written by English writer Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851), undoubtedly, is among them. The fate of a Swiss scientist Frankenstein who created a living being from insentient substance, […]

Read more
Frankenstein Literature Monster
Compare and Contrast the Narrators in Gulliver’s Essay Example
1389 words 3 pages

Compare and Contrast the Narrators in Gulliver’s Travels and Frankenstein, the Narrative Methods, and the Effects of These Different Ways of Telling a Story in Gulliver’s Travels and Frankenstein. By mythyasha Compare and contrast the narrators in Gulliver’s Travels and Frankenstein, the narrative methods, and the effects of these different ways of telling a story […]

Read more
Contrast Frankenstein Narration
Scarlet Fever Essay Example
995 words 2 pages

In Frankentstein, a gothic novel written my Mary Shelley, scarlet fever was a huge part in the main plot line. Scarlet fever was a common disease during the time Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein. Scarlet fever was particularly common in children and was fatal and deadly. It was a disease that affected many children and hat […]

Read more
Animals Books Disease Frankenstein Health Health Care Infection Medicine Public Health The time
Frankenstein Loneliness Essay Example
998 words 2 pages

Essay Do you believe in miracles? It looks as though the author of Frankenstein does. Mary Shelley has written a story about the creation of human life by the hands of a human being. This is easily compared to the story of Adam and Eve. In the book, Victor and the monster, are compared with […]

Read more
Frankenstein Loneliness Religion
Gabriela Belmar-Valencia
1701 words 4 pages

How is Justine Presented in this Chapter? How Does Shelley Use Language to Create Effect in this Chapter? How Does Shelley Present Women as a Whole in the Novel? At the opening of Chapter Eight, the character of Justine is presented as dignified and composed, not, as might be expected, ridden with hysterical terror; “The […]

Read more
Divorce Frankenstein Social Institution Society
Does Victor Owe His Creature Anything Essay Example
1019 words 2 pages

Frankenstein Essay # 4 The creature wants a mate. Does Victor owe the creature anything? In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, a young man named Victor Frankenstein reanimates dead flesh. He finds out the creature he made is ugly and runs away from it, rejecting it. The creature is alone for several weeks and […]

Read more
Children Family Frankenstein Literature Mary Shelley
The Danger of Knowledge
737 words 2 pages

Frankenstein, Bride of Frankenstein, Son of Frankenstein, The Ghost of Frankenstein, Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man, House of Frankenstein… These films and others like it have focused much more on the monster than its creator. People see the physical hideousness of the monster but do not see the mental hideousness that its creator, Victor Frankenstein, […]

Read more
Frankenstein Knowledge Mary Shelley
A Summary of Possessing Nature
579 words 2 pages

In the critical essay Possessing Nature: The Female in Frankenstein, Anne K. Mellor states that a society for only men is Frankenstein’s vision of creating a hidden good. Frankenstein constructed a male monster and will not develop a female creature due to the fact that he felt there was no reason for a female to […]

Read more
Book Summary Ethics Frankenstein Human Sexuality
Frankenstein and Bladerunner Essay Example
555 words 2 pages

Frankenstein by Mary Shelley and Blade Runner directed by Ridley Scott are two texts that explore the conflicts between science and nature. Though they touch upon similar themes in different times, it is debateable as to whether they share universal concerns. Both Tyrell and Victor are blinded by their achievements, their unethical actions becoming the […]

Read more
Blade Runner Frankenstein Science
Educating Rita Symbolism Analysis
932 words 2 pages

Growing up involves change. Change happens to everyone, physically and mentally and it can happen at any time. As a person grows up they enter another phase of their life and they need to take their place in society. I will be talking about the play educating Rita by Willy Russel and relating it to […]

Read more
Educating Rita Education Frankenstein Symbolism
Hardships of a Single Mother in Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” Essay Example
325 words 1 page

Hardships of a Single Mother in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Many people believe that there are several noteworthy issues in Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein. These issues include parenting, metaphors of the relationship between Victor and the creature, and Shelley’s own anxiety about parenting. Out of the three movies that we have seen, it is clear that the […]

Read more
Fiction Frankenstein Mary Shelley Mother
Frankenstein & Bladerunner
3176 words 7 pages

It Is noted that he Is ashamed and disgusted of what he Is doing but continues regardless – “often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, whilst, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually Increased, I brought my work near too conclusion. The beauties of summer no longer arouse him – […]

Read more
Frankenstein God Paradise Lost
How do Frankenstein and Another Country articulate the experience of the outsider
1874 words 4 pages

James Baldwin’s “Another Country” and Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” both portray to the reader the experiences of isolated individuals. Despite their dates of publication being nearly one hundred and fifty years apart, the two novels share numerous similarities in their depiction of the “outsider”, as the characters of Rufus and Victor both seem to isolate themselves […]

Read more
Experience Fiction Frankenstein Mary Shelley The Outsiders
Archetypes in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Essay Example
1089 words 3 pages

Archetypes in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Virtually all literature contain instinctive trends in the human consciousness to represent certain themes or motifs, these are defined as archetypes. Archetypes can be thought as blueprints or as bundles of psychic energy that influence the manner in which we understand and react to life. There are two different categories […]

Read more
Archetype Frankenstein Literature Mary Shelley
How Does Frankenstein Gain Knowledge Essay Example
374 words 1 page

Frankenstein was very fond of natural philosophy because philosophy means the love of wisdom. He found a volume of works by Cornelius Agrippa, an ancient philosopher, by chance. In fact, Frankenstein is committed to Agrippa’s theory. Due to Agrippa, he found something that was entirely new to him. He not only felt delighted in finding […]

Read more
Frankenstein Knowledge Philosophy Science Theory

Popular Questions About Frankenstein

Why was Frankenstein book banned?
Victor Frankenstein, a scientist who creates a sapient creature, divided religious leaders for its references to God. The book caused great controversy in religious communities in the US and was banned in 1955 in South African Apartheid for being "objectionable and obscene."
What is the meaning behind Frankenstein?
In German, the name Frankenstein translates to “stronghold of freemen,” most likely referring to various castles and battlements around the country that also carry the name. Mary Shelley however, believed the name came to her in a vivid dream. In Shelley's novel, Dr. Victor Frankenstein never names his creation.
Was Frankenstein really bad?
As we reread Mary Shelley's Frankenstein at two hundred years, it is evident that Victor Frankenstein is both a mad scientist (fevered, obsessive) and a bad scientist (secretive, hubristic, irresponsible). He's also not a very nice person. He's a narcissist, a liar, and a bad “parent.” But he is not genuinely evil.