SPCH 1315 Ch 1-9 Quizzes Essay

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a speaker can cause interference in the speech communication process
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true
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in the speech communication process, anything that blocks or hinders the communication of a message is called
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interference
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a speech, says management consultant David W. Richardson, takes place in
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the minds of the listeners
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if there are discrepancies between the verbal and nonverbal components of a speech, listeners will probably
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accept the nonverbal as the true message
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the extemporaneous method of speaking involves
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using notes
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time of day plays a part in how receptive an audience is to a speech
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true
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if speakers send nonverbal signals that contradict their verbal message, listeners will typically accept the nonverbal behavior as the true message
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true
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the part of a speech that you want your listeners to remember if they forget everything else is known as the
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central idea
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abstract words usually mean the same thing to all listeners
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false
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“information overload” is caused by a speaker who
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covers too much material
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in analyzing an audience, which one of the following variables should NOT be considered?
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personal appearance
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a speaker who interviews a few members of an audience before a speech is
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gaining a good sample of what the audience is like
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the text recommends that an invitation to company employees should be worded as”
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“You and your guest are invited to the company picnic.”
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Horace noticed some listeners looking confused when he used a certain term in his speech, so he backed up and explained the term in greater detail. Horace exhibited
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adaptation during a speech
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in working with an interpreter, which of the following is NOT recommended by the text?
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talk directly to a sign-language interpreter instead of to the audience
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listeners might get upset if your speech topic varies from what they had anticipated
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true
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for listeners who are deaf or hearing-impaired, the text recommends which of the following?
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slow your rate of speech slightly
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an open-ended question or questionnaire involves
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writing out a sentence or paragraph
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for blind or visually impaired listeners with a seeing-eye dog, it is a good idea for a speaker to be friendly with the dog before the speech by talking to it in a soft voice
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false
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in the business world, the term for adapting to consumers’ special needs is
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customizing
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what is the maximum number of major ideas that can be included in a specific purpose statement?
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one
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“to explain to my listeners the chemical composition of vegetable oils.” according to the text, this item is
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too technical for a claterm-11ssroom speech
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the key concept that you want your listeners to remember if they forget everything else is called the specific purpose statement.
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false
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the most important task in a speech is to communicated the
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central idea
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the specific purpose statement should be limited to one major idea
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true
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a verb form beginning with “to” is called
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an infinitive
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the textbook says that a central idea should be phrased as
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an assertation
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hidden objectives in a speech
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sometimes sabotage a speaker’s primary goal
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the central idea of a speech should begin with an infinitive
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false
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which of the following is a synonym for central idea?
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thesis sentence
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a good research technique is to turn your specific purpose statement into a research question
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true
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an internet catalog that starts off with broad categories, which are then subdivided into smaller categories, is known as
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subject directory
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before starting your research, you should decided on your
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specific purpose
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for researchers, one of the most valuable resources in blogs
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links to other sites
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if your are looking for a book that is not available in your library, the text recommends that you
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use interlibrary loan
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in most libraries, the person who is best able to help you with your research is called
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a reference librarian
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the formats of MLA and APA are designed to help you to
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cite sources
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the text says that interviewing an expert via e-mail is
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an acceptable method
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the three major research options are libraries, the Internet, and
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field research
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the ______ for an article gives the title, author’s name, magazine, date, and page numbers
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citation
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a speaker says, “in the latest issue of American Health, Dr. Emily Sanchez says that …” this is an example of
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an oral footnote
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almost all people are honest when they reply anonymously to questions posed by pollsters
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false
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which is the most reliable type of material?
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evidence
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a book or magazine published before ____ is no longer protected by copyright and may be reproduced and distributed by anyone without violating the lay
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1923
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which of the following is on the textbook’s list of criteria for high-quality information?
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current
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anything published before 1923 is no longer protected by copyright law
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true
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“I got my information from the internet” is an acceptable way to assure audiences that the information in your speech is valid
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false
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the internet address “www.etw.org” indicates
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a non-profit entity
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if you make changes in copyrighted material, it is no longer protected under copyright law
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false
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the Internet domain suffix “.com” is the least objective of all domains
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true
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imagine five people of the following ages: 45, 37, 26, 20, and 18. the 26 year old has the _____ age
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median
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the success of vivid images as support material depended upon the good use of
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specific details
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to paraphrase means to quote someone’s words exactly
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false
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support materials ______ prove a point
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sometimes
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in a speech, you should round off long numbers
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true
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a high correlation between two sets of data
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does not prove a cause-and-effect relationship
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“the college’s course catalog resembles a gigantic buffet table.” the speaker is using which type of support material?
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analogy
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sometimes one single example is enough to support a point
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true
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the more statistics used in a persuasive speech, the better the speech will be
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false
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“a feast is a meal that is rich and abundant and includes many guests.” this sentence is a
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defintion
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if a visual aid is small, it should be passed among the listeners during the speech so that everyone can get a good look
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false
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posters are often preferred to PowerPoint slides in
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courtrooms
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in considering whether and how to use PowerPoint slides, your first step is to
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create the outline for your speech
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in a bar graph, the bars should be
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either horizontal or vertical
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research shows that people who are taught orally and visually can recall far more information after a presentation than those who are taught only orally
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true
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if you find a photo on a web site and want to use it in a classroom speech, you can use it without asking permission from the web site
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true
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the technique whereby a visual is displayed one part at a time is known as
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progressive revelation
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a lengthy set of handouts can be distributed during a speech if you tell your listeners to stay with you and not read ahead
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false
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most international audiences prefer
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visuals prepared in advance
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research shows that speakers are better off using no visual aids than using poor ones
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true

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