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Public Speaking Midterm COMM 1110 (Georgia Southern/Furlong)

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All of the following are recommended by your textbook to help you deal with nervousness except
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focus on achieving perfection
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Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else is termed the
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message
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______ lets you know how your message is being received
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feedback
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the belief that one’s own group/ culture is superior to all other groups or cultures is termed the three main parts of a speech are called
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ethnocentrism
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the three main parts of a speech are called
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the introduction, the body, the conclusion
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the first thing a speaker needs to do in the introduction of a speech is to
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get the interest and attention of the audience
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A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes
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extemporaneous
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After choosing a topic, what is the next step of speech preparation?
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determining the general purpose
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Which of the following is inappropriate in a speech to inform?
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advocating
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When the general purpose of your speech is _________, you act primarily as an advocate
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persuade
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The _____ expresses precisely what you hope to accomplish with your speech
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specific purpose
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“To inform my audience about the four major elements in rope climbing” is an example of a
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specific purpose
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In an informative speech, the speaker acts as a
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teacher
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A ______ is a systematic series of actions that leads to a specific result or product
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process
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Speeches about ________ are often more complex than other types of informative speeches
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concepts
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Informative speeches about processes are usually arranged in ______ order
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chronological or topical
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Informative speeches about concepts are usually arranged in ______ order
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topical
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The _____ is the longest and most important part of the speech
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body
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When the main points of a speech follow a time pattern, they are organized in
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chronological order
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When main ideas follow a directional pattern, they are organized in
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spatial order
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Problem-solution order is most appropriate for organizing ______ speeches
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persuasive
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transitions, internal previews, internal summaries, and signposts are examples of
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connectives
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“Now that we have learned about the history of Mormonism, let’s consider its major beliefs”
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transition
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Which of the following is a basic objective of speech introduction?
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Preview the main points
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Which of the following would you most likely find in a introduction?
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a creditability statement
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Which of the following is least likely to gain the interest and attention of the audience?
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a lengthy quotation
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the audience’s perception of whether the speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic
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credibility
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the last part of a speech introduction
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previews the main points in the body
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in addition to reinforcing the central idea, a speech conclusion should also
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signal the end of the speech
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Which of the following would you most likely find in a speech conclusion?
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a reference to the introduction
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Which of the following are you least likely to find in a speech conclusion?
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a statement to arose curiosity
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Visual aids can be very useful to a speaker because they
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enhances the clarity of a speaker’s ideas
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________ are especially valuable for showing an audience statistical trends and patterns
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graphs
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if you plan to use a photograph as a visual aid in a speech, you should usually
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display the photograph using presentation technology
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when using visual aids in a speech, you should
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practice with the aids when rehearsing a speech
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If you are planning to use presentation technology in a speech, you should
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bring a backup copy of your slides on a flash drive
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All of the following are necessary in a preparation outline except
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directions for delivering a speech
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Which of the following are mentioned in your textbook as a guideline for a preparation outline?
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label the introduction, body, and conclusion
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The main points in a preparation outline are
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located farthest to the left
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The main points in a preparation outline are
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identified by Roman numerals
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Which of the following is a correctly worded main point for a speech preparation outline?
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there are two major types of leadership
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Which of the following words is the most general and abstract?
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writing
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To use language vividly, your textbook recommends that speakers employ
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imagery and rhythm
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“memories are like fingerprints- no two sets are ever the same” is an example of
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simile
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Using repetition and parallelism enhances the ________ of your speeches
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rhythm
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______ is the repetition of the initial consonant sound of close and adjoining words
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alliteration
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the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually with the parallel structure is called
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antithesis
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because speech making is a form of power, we must always be sure to speak
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ethically
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Which of the following is presented in your textbook as a guideline for ethical speech making?
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be fully prepared for the speech
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the branch of philosophy that deals with human issues of right and wrong is termed
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ethics
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the 3 kinds of plagiarism discussed in your textbook are
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global, incremental, and patchwork
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the guidelines for ethical listening in a public speaking situation include
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maintaining the free and open expression of ideas
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communication based on a speaker’s body and voice is called
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nonverbal
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________ plagiarism occurs when a speaker copies word for word from two or three sources
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patchwork
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The ______ speaker delivers a speech with little or no immediate preparation
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impromptu
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The ______ speaker uses only brief notes or a speaking outline to jog the memory
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extemporaneous
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“Conversational quality” in speech delivery means that the speech
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sounds spontaneous eve though it has been rehearsed
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The relative highness or lowness of sounds produced by the human voice is called
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pitch
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“uh” “er” “um” “like” “you know”
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vocalized pauses
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Even when we listen carefully, we usually grasp only about _______ percent of what we want to hear
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50%
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When you listen to evaluate a speaker’s message for purposes of accepting it or rejecting it
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critical
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Giving excessive attention to the details of a speech
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listening too hard
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The brain can process words at a rate of
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400 to 800 words a minute
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The first step in improving your listening skills
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take listening seriously
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everything is a speaker says is filtered through a listener’s
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frame of reference
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One way to build confidence as a speaker is to create a vivid mental blueprint in which you see yourself succeeding in your speech. According to your textbook, this process is called
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visualization
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As your textbook explains, many of the skills used in public speaking are the same as those used in everyday conversation. These skills include
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All of the above telling a story for maximum impact, tailoring your message to your audience, organizing your thoughts logically.
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When you experience stage fright, your body is producing extra ______, a hormone that is released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress.
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adrenaline
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The ________ speaker uses only brief notes or a speaking outline to jog the memory
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extemporaneous
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When your textbook describes public speaking as a form of empowerment, it means that public speaking is
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a way to make a difference in something we care about
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In which situation would a speaker be most likely to read from a manuscript?
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a speech on international policy at the United Nations
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All of the following are presented in your textbook as guidelines for ethical speechmaking except
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According to your textbook, if you make a mistake when you are giving a speech, the best thing to do is
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keep going because your audience doesn’t know what you had planned to say
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The relative highness or lowness of sounds produced by the human voice is called
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pitch
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A listener’s ethical obligations to avoid prejudging a speaker means that a listener should
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It is the ______ of your voice that reveals whether you are asking a question or making a statement, whether you are being sincere or sarcastic.
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The study of bodily motion and gestures is part of a subject called
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kinesics
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According to your textbook, a speech that sounds spontaneous to the audience no matter how many times it has been rehearsed has a strong ______ quality.
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conversational
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In which situation would a speaker be most likely to recite a speech from memory?
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The messages sent by listeners to a speaker are called ______
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feedback
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Good speech delivery
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sounds conversational even though it has been rehearsed
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Communication based on a speaker’s body and voice, rather than on the use of words, is called
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nonverbal communication
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The belief that one’s own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures is termed _______
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ethnocentrism
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The _______ is the time and place in which speech communication takes place.
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situation
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Informative speeches about concepts are usually arranged in _______ order.
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Fletcher is listening for pleasure as a friend discusses her trip to Australia. According to your textbook, Fletcher is engaged in ______ listening.
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appreciative
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Julia is listening to her meteorology professor explain how to interpret images from Doppler radar. Because Julia’s goal is to understand the information being presented, she is engaged in ______ listening.
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comprehensive
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Even when we are listening carefully, we usually grasp only about _______ percent of what we hear
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50
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The _______ reveals precisely what the speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.
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Which one of the following is one of the four major causes of poor listening discussed in your textbook?
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focusing on a speaker’s appearance or delivery
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Although most people speak at a rate of 120 to 150 words a minute, the brain can process words at a rate of
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400 to 800 words a minute
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“To inform my audience about the history and rules of curling” is an example of a
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specific purpose
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When business managers are asked to list the communication skills most crucial to their job, they usually rank ____________ number one
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listening
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What does your textbook say is the first step to improving your listening skills?
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take listening seriously
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According to your textbook, one way to focus your listening is to
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listen for the speaker’s main points
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“Three types of bait used to attract fish are live bait, prepared bait, and artificial bait” is an example of a
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central idea
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“To inform my audience about the steps in creating a rooftop garden” is an example of a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a(n)
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process
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Sarah is listening to her roommate to provide emotional support in a time of distress. According to your textbook, Sarah is engaged in _______ listening
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empathic
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People spend more time _______ than in any other communication activity
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listening
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According to your textbook, anything that is visible, tangible, and stable in form would be treated as a(n) _______ in an informative speech
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object
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The process of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas is known as
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brainstorming
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When your general purpose is to ______, you act as a teacher or lecturer
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inform
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Advocating a position is most appropriate when the general purpose of your speech is to
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persuade
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The _____ is a one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech
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central idea
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________ is the audience’s perception of whether the speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic
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The most effective order of main points in a speech depends above all on your topic, purpose, and
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audience
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Speeches arranged in _______ order follow a directional pattern from top to bottom, east to west, or some other route
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spatial order
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A speech narrating a series of historical events will usually be arranged in _______ order
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chronological order
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Which of the following would you most likely find in a speech conclusion?
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a reference to the introduction
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According to your textbook, transitions, internal previews, internal summaries, and signposts are examples of
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connectives
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“Now that we have seen the causes of unrest in central Africa, we shall turn to their effects…” is an example of a(n)
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transitions
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When preparing a speech introduction, you should usually
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complete the introduction after the body of the speech
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The main points in a preparation outline are
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identified by Roman numerals
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According to your textbook, the specific purpose statement in a preparation outline should appear
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before the text of the outline itself
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The _____ is the longest and most important part of the speech.
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body
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A speech with the specific purpose “To inform my audience about the causes of domestic violence and its effects on society” would most likely be arranged in ______ order.
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casual
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According to your textbook, a(n) ________ ending is a conclusion that builds force until reaching a peak of power and intensity.
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crescendo
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A speech about the equipment used in the sport of ice hockey should probably use ______ organization.
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topical
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What does your textbook say about preparing effective speech conclusions?
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Make your conclusion about 5 to 10 percent of the entire speech
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According to your textbook, in addition to reinforcing the central idea, a speech conclusion should also
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signal the end of the speech
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Creating goodwill is especially important in the introduction of a(n) __________ speech
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persuasive
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Which of the following would you most likely find in a speech introduction?
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a credibility statement
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A detailed outline for the planning stages of a speech is called a ______ outline.
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preparation outline
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A ______ outline should include cues for delivering the speech
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speaking outline
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If you are planning to use presentation technology in a speech, you should
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bring a backup copy of your slides on a flash drive
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When you repeat the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words, you are using the language device known as
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alliteration
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Which of the following would probably be the best kind of visual aid to show changes in the homicide rate in Washington, D.C., over the past twenty years?
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a line graph
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As your textbook explains, language should be appropriate to the topic, the audience, the speaker, and the _______
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occasion
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The similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words is a language device called
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parallelism
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According to your textbook, language is important because it
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gives meaning to events
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Which of the following would probably be the best visual aid to demonstrate the distribution of grades for a class?
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a pie graph
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A ______ is a figurative comparison that always contains the word “like” or “as.”
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simile
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Visual aids can be very useful to a speaker because they
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enhance the clarity of the speaker’s ideas
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Each of the following is discussed in your textbook as a basic criterion for the effective use of language in public speaking except
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use language technically