PSY 105 Ch. 16: Part 1 (Treatment)

question

Which of the following is a suitable way of handling transference?
answer

The therapist can take advantage of transference to help the patient “redo” difficult relationships.
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_____ therapy seeks to bring unresolved past conflicts and unacceptable impulses from the unconscious into the conscious, where patients may deal with the problems more effectively.
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Psychodynamic
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Today therapists use a(n) _____ approach to therapy, which means they use a variety of methods with an individual patient.
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eclectic
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Which of the following therapies emphasizes the challenging of irrational, unrealistic beliefs?
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Rational-emotive behavior therapy
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_____ is an inability or unwillingness to discuss or reveal particular memories, thoughts, or motivations.
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Resistance
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The surface description of a dream is called the _____ content.
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manifest
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_____ rewards a person for desired behavior with a poker chip or some kind of play money.
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the token system
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_____ is a behavioral treatment for anxiety in which people are confronted either suddenly or gradually with a stimulus that they fear.
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Exposure
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How might one best respond to the charge that behavior therapy produces only a superficial change in external behavior?
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Neuroscientific evidence shows that behavioral treatments produce actual changes in the functioning of the brain.
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_____ are professionals with a Ph.D. or Psy.D. who have also completed a postgraduate internship. They specialize in assessment and treatment of psychological difficulties, providing psychotherapy and, in some U.S. states, can prescribe drugs.
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Clinical psychologists
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Which of the following approaches to psychotherapy is CORRECTLY matched with its description?
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Behavioral approach—Classical and operant conditioning principles are used to change people’s behavior.
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_____ is the transmission of feelings to a psychoanalyst of love or anger that had been originally directed to a patient’s parents or other authority figures.
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Transference
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Regarding group therapy, which of the following statements is TRUE?
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Group therapy is generally more economical than individual therapy.
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In 1952, noted psychologist _____ published a study challenging the effectiveness of _____ therapy.
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Eysenck; psychodynamic
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A research technique in which in which data from a large number of studies are statistically combined is known as:
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meta-analysis
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Therapy in which people meet collectively with a therapist to discuss problems is specifically known as _____ therapy.
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group
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According to the text, which of the following best represents the percentage of homeless adults who have a major psychological disorder?
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15-35%
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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was introduced in the _____; it is used to treat severe _____.
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1930s; depression
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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is used to treat:
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depression
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_____ are a class of medications used in cases of severe depression to improve a patient’s mood and feeling of well-being.
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Antidepressant drugs
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A client with social anxiety watches a film in which an individual greets strangers in a crowded room, makes small talk, and smiles pleasantly. The individual in the film appears to gain pleasure from these activities. The behavior therapy technique used in this scenario is:
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observational learning
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Dr. Andersen attempts to bring about personal growth by using psychological techniques; Dr. Bradley attempts to improve psychological functioning through the use of psychotropic medication. Dr. Andersen practices _____; Dr. Bradley, _____.
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psychotherapy; biomedical therapy
question

How does contemporary psychodynamic therapy differ from classic psychoanalysis?
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Contemporary therapist puts less emphasis on a patient’s past history and childhood than classic psychoanalysts.
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Which of the following operant conditioning techniques is INCORRECTLY paired with its description?
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Token system—The therapist reduces the frequency of undesired behavior by pairing an aversive, unpleasant stimulus with undesired behavior.
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_____ is treatment in which a trained professional— a therapist—uses psychological techniques to help someone overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems in living, or bring about personal growth.
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psychotherapy
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Why has psychodynamic therapy remained a viable approach to psychological treatment, despite criticism of it?
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It facilitates the development of deep insight into one’s life.
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Therapy in which the goal is to reach one’s potential for self-actualization is known as _____ therapy.
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person-centered
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Which of the following statements is most TRUE?
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Different forms of therapy work best in different situations.
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The first major antipsychotic drug to be introduced was _____; it was used to treat _____.
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chlorpromazine; schizophrenia
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The newest antipsychotics are called _____ antipsychotics.
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atypical
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In the _____, surgeons performed prefrontal lobotomy on thousands of patients often with little precision.
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1930s and ’40s
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_____ are professionals with a Ph.D. or Ed.D. who typically treat day-to-day adjustment problems, often in a university mental health clinic.
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Counseling psychologists
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_____ is a form of therapy that attempts to restructure a person’s belief system into a more realistic, rational, and logical set of views by challenging dysfunctional beliefs that maintain irrational behavior.
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Rational-emotive behavior therapy
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Giovanni abuses cocaine; Hans has a dog phobia. Which alternative below correctly identifies the behavioral treatment most appropriate for each of these individuals?
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Giovanni—aversive conditioning; Hans—systematic desensitization
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A hierarchy of fears may be used in:
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systematic desensitization
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How is contemporary person-centered therapy different than it was in Rogers’s day?
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Therapists are more likely to nudge clients towards insights rather than merely reflecting back their statements.
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Atypical antipsychotics affect both _____ and _____ levels in certain parts of the brain.
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serotonin; dopamine
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Noah dreams that he suddenly becomes paralyzed as he tries to cross a busy intersection. In Freudian terms, this is the _____ content of Noah’s dream. The underlying meaning of the dream is the _____ content.
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manifest; latent
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_____ therapy is therapy in which the underlying rationale is that people have control of their behavior, can make choices about their lives, and are essentially responsible for solving their own problems.
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Humanistic
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Prozac is an example of a(n) _____.
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Antidepressant drug
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Which of the following mental health professionals is CORRECTLY matched with a brief description?
answer

Counseling psychologist – treats everyday adjustment problems, often in a university mental health clinic
question

Approximately what percentage of U.S. families includes a member who has taken an antianxiety drug?
answer

50%
question

Drugs that reduce the level of worry or tension a person experiences essentially by reducing excitability and increasing feelings of well-being are known as _____.
answer

antianxiety drugs
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_____ is a form of therapy that reduces the frequency of undesired behavior by pairing an unpleasant stimulus with undesired behavior.
answer

Aversive conditioning
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_____ treatment approaches teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional notions about the world and themselves.
answer

Cognitive
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In _____ appraisal, clients are asked to evaluate situations, themselves, and others in terms of their memories, values, beliefs, thoughts, and expectations.
answer

Cognitive
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According to the text, the effectiveness of various approaches to therapy found that although success rates vary somewhat by treatment form, most treatments show that success rates range from about _____% greater success for treated compared with untreated individuals.
answer

75-80

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