Ofl Latin American Studies Vocabulary Unit 3

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indigenous people
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descendants of the people who first lived in a region
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maquiladora
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a mexican factory that assembles parts to make products for export
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emigrate
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to leave one country to settle in another
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immigrant
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a person who comes into a foreign country to make a new home
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west indies
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the caribbean islands
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ethnic group
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a group of the people who share the ancestry ,language,religion,or cultural traditions
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carnival
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a lively annual celebration just before lent in latin america
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guachos
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cowboys of the pampas of argentina
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subsistence farming
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growing only enough food to meet the needs of the farmer’s family
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cash crop
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a crop grown mostly for the sale rather than for the farmer’s own use
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migrant worker
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a laborer who travels from one area to another picking crops that are in season
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plaza
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a public square at the center of the village, a town, or a city
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squatter
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a person who settles on someone else’s land without permission
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ladino
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a mestizo, or a person of mixed spanish and native american ancestry in guatemala
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land reform
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the effort to distribute land more equally and fairly
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political movement
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a large group of people who work together for a politcal change
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strike
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a refusal to work until certain demands of workers are met
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panama canal
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a shipping canal across the isthmus of panama, linking the atlantic ocean to the pacific ocean
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lock
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a section of water way in which ships are raised or lowered by adjusting the water level
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canal zone
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a 10-mile strip of land along the panama canal, once governed by the united states
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ecotourism
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travel to unspoiled areas in order to learn about the enviroment
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christianity
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this religion is practiced by most west indians
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flour
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a bread made from the cassava plant
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mosquito
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this insect was a major problem that had to be solved before the canal could be built
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spanish
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the main language in middle america
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raggae
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a type of music with a strong rhythm and a “chunking” sound
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campesino
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a poor latin american farmer of farm worker
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french
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were the first to try and build a canal in panama
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population
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a major problem in mexico city

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