- 1.2 Research purposes
- 2. Methodology
- 2.1. Interviewees
- 3. Migrants ‘ Experience
- 3.1 Overtime
- 3.2 Hours and work load
- 3.3 Second Workplace
- 3.4 Vacations
- 3.5 Written information and contracts
- 3.6 Lack of occupation security
- 4. Problems at Workplace
- 4.1 Relationships with co-workers
- 4.2 Discrimination in enlisting
- 5. Awareness of rights
- 6. Decision
After the terminal of the World War II, Austria developed into a competent and successful unfastened national economic system. Nowadays the one time underprivileged and – even by its ain population – disliked province is among richest states in the universe. As a finish for migrators Austria is more appealing than of all time before and, as a affair of fact, receives more migrators, refuge searchers and household members than Germany or Switzerland.
However, Austria has ne’er been officially characterized as a concluding finish of immigrants – though practically ten per cent of the occupants do non possess Austrian passport. The primary migration scheme has been directed, on one side to the ‘guest worker system ‘ which is based on the rule of the employment and rotary motion of migratory workers.[ 1 ]One of the chief features of this theoretical account is the linkage between labour contract and abode...
license. On the other side, the regulation of jus sanguinis[ 2 ]applies to citizenship demands in Austria.
Children with parents possessing Austrian passport automatically obtain citizenship even if they are born abroad. But kids born to migratory parents who do non possess Austrian passport, the kids do non hold the right to citizenship.[ 3 ]
Many of the recent betterments in Austrian migration policy have been influenced by the development of the EU jurisprudence on migration and refuge, with the consequence that a series of EU Directives ( long-run abode, household reunion, free motion of EU citizens, pupils, etc. ) have been transferred into national jurisprudence, particularly with the new Austrian Aliens ‘ Act Package which entered into force on 1 January 2006. Migration experts infer that ‘the inclination has been to implement the directives narrowly, taking to the most restrictive reading possible ‘ .[ 4 ]
The Austrian authorities has maintained a rigorous migration policy, conveying in or rejecting migrators, harmonizing to the demands of the domestic labour market. Political and societal rights every bit good as the civic engagement of migrators in the Austrian society are non represented as a precedence in the model of the Austrian migration policy. The chief purpose is to incorporate by agencies of accommodation to the bing political and socio-cultural system in Austria. At the really get downing of their stay in Austria, migrators place and rights as ‘citizens ‘ certainly can non be compared to those of Austrian citizens: some do non hold the right work, others are fighting for household reunion, and some are non entitled to most of societal benefits.
Harmonizing to the 2001 nose count, the largest immigrant groups come from the replacement provinces of the former Yugoslavia ( 351,256 ) and Turkey ( 125.026 ) . Besides a big figure of immigrants from Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland migrated to Austria betwee
the old ages of 1945 – 1980. Migrants from Turkey and the former Yugoslavia have high per centum with minimal obligatory instruction while migrators from Central and Eastern Europe have a higher grade of educational competency. Since obtaining acknowledgment of makings is really complicated, extremely competent migrators have had to accept employment at below their degrees of making. Harmonizing to the 2002 publication on the subject in inquiry, migratory workers earned around 23 per cent less than Austrian citizens.[ 5 ]Migrants in Austria are chiefly working within labour-intensive sectors such as fabric or leather industry every bit good as building, hotels, and eventually, eating houses.
It is besides deserving adverting that migrators without abode licenses are non allowed to register for wellness, accident or pension insurance with the Main Association of Austrian Social Security Institutions ( HVSV ) . Any illegal abode position is reported to the Alien constabularies.
Harmonizing to the Report on Labor Migration,[ 6 ]the entire figure of people non possessing Austrian passport in 2004 was 776,100 or, in other words, 9.5 % of the entire population. During this period 179, 864 aliens were granted Austrian citizenship.
Harmonizing to the national studies, the available estimation for Austria is that 109,000 migratory workers were employed full clip in undeclared occupations in 2009, compared with 746,000 subjects in the same state of affairs. Hence, a considerable figure of migrators are in undeclared employment in this state, peculiarly in the countries of building, catering, touristry, and family services. In Austria, their unemployment rate amounted to 10 % in 2004, which was 3.3 per cent higher than for Austrians, at 6.7 % . The information indicate a widening unemployment spread between subjects and aliens in recent old ages.
Migrant workers earn significantly less in relation to Austrians. The Report on Labor Migration contains information for the 1990s, which indicates that rewards for female migratory workers were about 25.4 per cent lower, and for males 22.2 per cent lower than the wages of Austrian workers. For migratory workers the troubles in raising and deciding jobs relate both to their ain single exposure and features of work in the sector. The bulk of migratory workers have limited German linguistic communication accomplishments and either small or no cognition of employment rights.
1.2 Research purposes
The purpose of this research was to research experiences every bit good as jobs encountered by migrators working in Vienna eating house industry, a field which is known for its strict on the job environment. In-depth interviews with 6 migratory workers in Vienna were carried out in January-February 2011.
The research intends to turn to the undermentioned cardinal inquiries: What are the on the job conditions of migratory workers in eating houses? What type of jobs do migratory workers have?
The undertaking employed qualitative research methods to garner in-depth histories of the experiences of 6 migratory workers in Vienna. Interviews were carried out in January-February 2011.
A semi-structured interview program was used during the interviews, which by and large lasted between 30 proceedingss to an hr and a half. Participants were guaranteed of confidentiality, and of the namelessness of both themselves and their employer.
- Automotive Industry
- Chemicals Industry
- Hospitality Industry
- Paper Industry
- Textile Industry
- Food Safety
- Food Security
- Pharmaceutical industry
- Grocery retailers
- Hazardous Waste
- Optical Fiber
- Melting Point
- Normative Ethics
- Food service
- Grocery stores
- Alarm clock
- Lean Manufacturing
- New Product Development
- Production And Manufacturing
- Washing machine