Intro To Geography Test 2

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A primary basis for the partition of the Indian subcontinent following British rule was to
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B: recognize the existence of distinctive regional religious concentrations and animosities.
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The one way in which culture is NOT transmitted to younger generations is by
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B: Mutation
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The cultural landscape
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D: includes house types, cities, agricultural fields, transportation networks, parks, and cemeteries.
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There are almost one billion Hindus in the world and most of them are concentrated in India.
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True
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English cities with names ending in \”chester\” such as Manchester bear witness to Norse invaders.
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False
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Which of the following religions has remained dominant in its area of origin?
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Islam
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When a social group does not adopt a useful innovation, it is said to display
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Cultural Lag
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The spread of English as a worldwide language was the result of
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D: the establishment of overseas colonies and former English dominance in world trade.
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Cultural integration is the term applied to the intermixture of ethnic traits within a pluralistic society.
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B: False
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Which of the following is NOT considered a \”universalizing\” religion?
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C: Judaism
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The spread of culture traits from one area to other areas is called
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Diffusion
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Which of the following languages belongs in the Romance language subfamily with French?
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Spanish
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Which one of the following groups of areas was among the world’s earliest centers of plant and animal domestication?
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D: Southwest Asia, West Africa, Andean South America
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Most of the people in the Middle East speak
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Arabic
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The North-South Brandt line divides the world based on degree of industrialization and per capita wealth.
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True
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Most dialects have a spatial pattern.
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True
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The sociological subsystem of a culture expresses accepted patterns of interpersonal and group behavior and agreed-upon institutions.
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True
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Of the following major world religions, the newest is
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Islam
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A religion that teaches that a person’s status in this life is determined by his/her existence in previous lives is
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Hinduism
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Depopulation of the Chaco Canyon settlements was caused by abrupt and disastrous climatic change
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True
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The smallest distinctive item of culture is called a
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Culture Trait
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The majority of the Muslims in the world are Shiites.
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False
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All the universalizing religions had their origin hearths in Southwest Asia.
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False
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A group of languages thought to have shared the same origin is
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C: Hindi, Russian, Spanish
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On the gender empowerment measure, all European countries received the highest ranking.
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False
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Although they display some important dialect differences, essentially all people of India have Hindi as their native tongue.
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False
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Ethnic communities are composed of populations with distinguishing
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Cultural Herritages
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Religions are important keys to human geographic understanding because
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A: with their emphasis upon charity and the afterlife, religions play a universal pacifying role.
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The division of Islam into two major sects is attributed to the issue of the legitimacy of the rightful successor of Mohammed, the most revered prophet of the religion.
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True
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It is estimated that about 10% of the cultural items in a society are attributable to _____ by its members and 90% to __________.
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D: Innovation and Spatial Diffusion
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Syncretism implies the fusion of old and new culture traits into a new, composite form.
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True
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Culture involves social relationships, ideas and beliefs but not material objects.
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False
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The chief centers for plant and animal domestication include all of the following EXCEPT
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North America
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Shiites and Sunnis are two major religious sects of _______.
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Islam
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The persistence of Chinatowns, Little Havanas, and Little Italys is evidence of cultural assimilation.
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False
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Nearly three-quarters of the world’s population adhere to tribal and ethnic religions.
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False
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A language may be defined as
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D: an organized system of speech communication
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Possibilism is the viewpoint that humans are the active agents in shaping culture, selecting from the environment the opportunities and resources their need and technical levels make evident and needed.
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True
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Significant human alteration of the natural landscape has occurred only since the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries.
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False
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The rejected theory that cultures are controlled by the physical geography of their surroundings was
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Enviormental Determinism
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What is the Koran?
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The hindu book of holy scriptures
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Examples of the worldwide diffusion of English include all of the following EXCEPT
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D: it is the official language of 60 countries, including the United States.
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Which one of the following items is an example of a cultural trait?
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Technology
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Cultural lag is the period between introduction of an innovation in major cities and its adoption at lower levels in the urban hierarchy.
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False
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Canada is officially a bilingual country.
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True
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Acculturation is the term applied to
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D: the process of melding traits or traditions of two different cultures into a composite acceptable to both originating groups.
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Both Christianity and Islam have their origins in Judaism.
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True

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