Philosophy exercises logic and reason in attempting to understand reality and answer fundamental questions about knowledge, truth, life, morality and human nature. It is characterized much by its methods than subject matter. Philosophy deals much with speculation which renders it to conceptualization, not experiments. Philosophers formulate hypotheses that ultimately answer to reason and evidence. Philosophy attempts to criticize the assumptions, word of usage, theories, and beliefs.Philosophy constitutes different branches that attempt to discuss its ideas in different disciplines. They include logic, Axiology, metaphysics and epistemology (Sahu, 2002).
Logic in Philosophy refers to the study of right reasoning. Good logic involves the use of good thinking skills and avoids of fallacious reasoning. Metaphysics is the study of nature or reality of things that are beyond the mathematical or scientific realm. Epistemology studies knowledge. It involves the process that we can understand that something is true. This philosophy answers the questions like how is knowledge acquired.
From the Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, philosophy is defined as an analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental believes and second as a theory underlying or regarding a sphere of activity or thought. From the first definition of Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary means the following three definitions in broad western philosophy has ancient, medieval, and modern eras. The ancient era includes the work of Greek and Roman thinkers, some of whom were influenced by ideas developed much earlier in Egypt and Me...
sopotamia. During the ancient era, Greek philosophy was the most creative. The Romans derived most of their thought from it and built upon it, but they did not add much that was new. The period of Greek philosophy falls into three parts: the pre-Socratics; the work of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle; and the schools that followed these three giants (Powell, 2012).
Medieval philosophy, though it made much use of Plato and Aristotle, was most heavily influenced by Christianity. It began about the 4th century with St. Augustine and ended in the 15th century. Modern philosophy represents in most respects a break with thought dominated by Christianity. This fact, coupled with the great increase in scientific investigation, aided the breakup of philosophy into the many different subjects that are taught in schools today.
One of the importance of philosophy is that philosophic thought is an unavoidable part of human existence. Almost everyone has been puzzled by such essentially philosophic questions “What does life mean?” and “Is there life after death?” People also have kind of philosophy in their sense of personal outlook on life. Through studying philosophy, people may clarify what they believe upon, and they can be motivated to think about ultimate questions. A person may study past philosophers to discover why they thought as they did and what value their views may have in one’s life. Philosophy has enormous influence in our everyday lives. The very language people speak uses classifications that is derived from philosophy. For example, the classifications of verb and noun involve the philosophic showing difference between things and actions.
From the above analysis, it is evident that educational philosophy continues to play a critical role i
the day-to-day lives of various individuals in the society and more so the educational sector. It is, therefore, important for all people to exhibit high levels of educational philosophy as it plays a key role towards understanding different occurrences.
- Sahu, B. (2002). New educational philosophy. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons.
- Powell, J. P. (2012). Philosophy of education: A select bibliography. Manchester.
- Albert Camus
- Cognitive Psychology
- Critical Thinking
- Form Of The Good
- Human Nature
- Immanuel Kant
- John Dewey
- Maria Montessori
- Michel Foucault
- Personality Type
- Philosophy Of Life
- Philosophy Of Mind
- Rene Descartes
- Self Esteem
- Self Reflection
- Self Reliance
- Sigmund Freud
- Thomas Hobbes