CONSTITUTION TEST STUDY GUIDE

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The U.S. has a _________________ democracy. This means a democracy in which the citizens elect others to govern.
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represenative
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_______________ is the power or authority that rules a country.
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Government
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_______ are rules of conduct that citizens must follow.
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Laws
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A __________________ is a person acting on behalf of others.
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represenative
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Our nation consists of people from a variety of backgrounds, etnicities, and race. The phrase “E Pluribus Unum” means “____________________________.” Our nation started with many different people and eventually came together came together as one.
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Out of many, one
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There are two different ways to become a U.S. citizens: ____________-someone is born in the U.S. or on American soil ____________-someone wmigrates to this country and goes through the five year process to become a a naturalized citizen.
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birth naturalization
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The U.S. has one of the oldest ____________________ in the world.
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democracies
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_________________ __________________ is the idea that people should have the right to rule themselves.
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Popular Sovereignty
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There are different levels of government. The one with the highest authority is the ___________ or ___________ government.
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national federal
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The Constitutional Convention, held in Philadelphia in 1787, was originally called to revise the _____________ _____ ___________________. When it became apparent that the Articles had too many weaknesses to be revised, the delegates decided to write a new constitution for the country.
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Articles of Confederation
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The Constitution was signed on _____________________________.
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September 17, 1787
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The three parts to the Constitution are: 1. __________________ 2. __________________ 3. __________________
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preamble articles amendments
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The U.S. Constitution has _____ articles and ______ amendments.
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7 27
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The first ten amendments to the Constution are called the _______ ___ ______________.
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Bill of Rights
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The freedoms included in the Bill of Rights in the First Amenment. 1. _____________ 2. _____________ 3. _____________ 4. _____________ 5. _____________
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Press Religion Petition Assembly Speech
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The three branches of government are: 1. _____________ Branch (makes the laws) 2. _____________ Branch (carries out the laws) 3. _____________ Branch (interprets the laws; makes sure the laws are fair)
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Legislative Executive Judicial
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The system of ________ ____ _________ ensures that each branch of government is able to check or limit the power of the other branches.
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checks and balances

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