Comm Exam #2

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_____ allows you to record early thoughts, experiment with different organizational strategies, consider whether evidence “fits” by visualizing the relationship between ideas and supporting material, and endeavor to improve the delivery of your speech. 1) Mental rehearsal 2) Mind-mapping 3) Brainstorming 4) Outlining
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4) Outlining.
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The best way to describe outlining, when it comes to preparing for a speech, is ______. 1) you develop it continuously over time as you prepare your speech 2) you construct it prior to gathering information and ideas 3) you construct it after you have gathered information and ideas 4) you construct it after you have drafted a manuscript version of the speech
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1) you develop it continuously over time as you prepare your speech.
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Taina is categorizing her research notes-each written on an individual index card. She arranges and rearranges each card until it’s in the order in which she will use its information. At the same time, she is sketching out her ideas on a sheet of paper, utilizing the heading of each card to indicate its idea and where she will use its information. Taina is creating a _____. 1) formal outline 2) keyword outline 3) working outline 4) mind map
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3) working outline…
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This type of outline is a diagnostic tool that helps you see where you’ve been and where you are going. 1) Mind map 2) Working outline 3) Keyword outline 4) Formal outline
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2) Working outline…
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As a normal part of the writing process while preparing a speech, you will sketch out several versions of this while you continue to read, learn, and think critically about your topic and specific purpose for speaking. 1) Diagnostic tool 2) working outline 3) Keyword outline 4) Formal outline
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2) Working outline…
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Kwan is finalizing his speech, assembling a full-sentence outline that will display his ideas and arguments in fully developed form, complete with supporting material, to provide a blueprint of his speech for his instructor. At the end, he supplies a complete bibliography of sources. Kwan has created a _____ outline. 1) working 2) keyword 3) formal 4) critical
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3) formal…
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A _____ serves as a tangible symbol of the time, effort, and thought you have put into your speech. 1) keyword outline 2) formal outline 3) working outline 4) diagnostic outline
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2) formal outline…
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_____ serve as notes for speakers. 1) Formal outlines 2) Keyword outlines 3) Working outlines 4) Rough outlines
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2) Keyword outlines…
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____ allows you to revise your speaking notes until you feel confident about delivering the speech, and will contribute to a relaxed, conversational style of delivery. 1) Mind mapping your thoughts as you gather information 2) Creating a blueprint of your speech with a formal outline 3) Diagnosing your speech with multiple working outlines 4) Practicing with and refining your keyword outline
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4) Practicing with and refining your keyword outline…
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____ designate for your instructor the various components of your speech, facilitating diagnosis and enabling precise feedback. 1) Transitions and connectives 2) Bibliographic citations 3) Symbols and indentations 4) Constructive comments
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3) Symbols and indentations…
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____ designate for your instructor the various components of your speech, facilitating diagnosis and enabling precise feedback. w. Symbols x. Transitions y. Indentations z. Connectives 1) w. & x. 2) w. & y. 3) x. & y. 4) y. & z.
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2) w. & y….
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Which of the following comprises a well-crafted point in a speech about the Army Corps of Engineers warning about the potential failure of levees in the United States? 1) The Corps identifies 127 unsafe levees that necessitate emergency planning and insurance coverage by homeowners. 2) The Corps constructed a vast system of dependable levees, but community neglect endangers them. 3) Communities must address the problem with their levees, as must homeowners. 4) Many communities haven’t properly maintained their levees, creating the current crisis.
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4) Many communities haven’t properly maintained their levees, creating the current crisis….
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Which of the following comprises a well-crafted point in a speech about the lingering effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on April 5, 1989? 1) The 11 million gallons of crude oil contaminated more than 1,200 miles of shoreline and killed hundreds of thousands of seabirds and marine animals. 2) The estimated 85 tons-or more than 26,600 gallons-of oil remaining at Prince William Sound has resisted weathering and is declining by about 4 percent a year, and likely even slower in the Gulf of Alaska. 3) The persistence of the oil will threaten the sound’s ecosystem for decades to come. 4) Exxon Mobil Corp. spokesman Mark Boudreaux said there seemed to be “nothing newsworthy or significant in the report that has not already been addressed.”
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3) The persistence of the oil will threaten the sound’s ecosystem for decades to come….
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Nikko is giving a speech about how the U.S. lags behind many other countries in terms of family-friendly workplaces. Which of the following comprises a well-crafted point in such a speech? 1) The U.S. could be more family-friendly in its support of child rearing. 2) The U.S. is one of only five countries out of 173 surveyed that does not guarantee some form of paid maternity leave; the others are Lesotho, Liberia, Swaziland, and Papua New Guinea. 3) According to Harvard researchers, the United States lags far behind virtually all wealthy countries with regard to family-oriented workplace policies such as maternity leave, paid sick days, and support for breast-feeding. 4) The U.S. needs to establish a maximum work week length for working fathers and mothers and limit mandatory overtime per week.
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1) The U.S. could be more family-friendly in its support of child rearing….
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The _____ is a visual representation of the supporting relationships between ideas and evidence, enabling you (and your instructor) to discern whether the supporting material actually works to develop, support, or elaborate upon the main ideas of the speech. 1) formal, full-sentence outline 2) working outline 3) key-word outline 4) investigative outline
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1) formal, full-sentence outline…
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Of the following statements, identify the one that would comprise the BEST subpoint for the point: “When it comes to combating global warming, the European Union is leading the way.” 1) Scientists are energized that the world is finally listening to them. 2) The European Union has committed to significant reductions in carbon pollution. 3) The various countries in the European Union have pledged to reduce carbon pollution by 20 percent by the year 2020. 4) Sadly, many countries, including the United States-which produces about one quarter of all greenhouse gasses-have failed to meet targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions laid out decades ago in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
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2) The European Union has committed to significant reductions in carbon pollution….
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Of the following statements, identify the one that would comprise the BEST subpoint for the point: “Employee access needs to be more limited at U.S. airports.” 1) Various incidents warrant concern. 2) An incident at Chicago’s O’Hare reveals the widespread nature of the problem. 3) A customer service employee at Chicago’s O’Hare was arrested for abusing access privileges and assisting smugglers. 4) Allowing unlimited access for workers who are naturalized citizens illustrates the need for new security measures.
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1) Various incidents warrant concern….
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Of the following statements, identify the one that would comprise the BEST subpoint for the point: “The issuance of no-bid contracts, during the war, is a matter that warrants investigation.” 1) Bunnatine Greenhouse, the Army Corps of Engineers’ chief contracting officer, alleges that her agency unfairly awarded KBR, a Halliburton subsidiary, no-bid contracts worth billions of dollars for work in Iraq. 2) We need to know how and why Halliburton, an oil services conglomerate, got the no-bid work, and why usual procedures did not apply. 3) The violation of usual procedures is one element that deserves a closer look. 4) The multibillion dollar no-bid contract to Halliburton was suspicious from day one, and now our worst suspicions will likely be confirmed.
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3) The violation of usual procedures is one element that deserves a closer look….
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During her delivery, Kate wants to speak more directly to her audience, rather than read to them. Kate also wants to be able to gesture freely and move freely, rather than be restricted to standing behind or near a podium. Which option should she use for her delivery notes? 1) A keyword outline on note cards 2) A full-sentence outline on note cards 3) A working outline on full sheets 4) A full-sentence outline on full sheets
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1) A keyword outline on note cards…
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Jan typed her speaking outline, and in the margin she entered handwritten notes such as “pause here!” next to a place where she knew a pause would be effective. How should we evaluate Jan’s handwritten prompts? 1) She risks distracting herself from the content she has typed. 2) She is smart to jot down delivery reminders. 3) The notes in the margin will clutter her outline and lessen her ethos. 4) Delivery hints are not necessary if she has practiced sufficiently.
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) She is smart to jot down delivery reminders….
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The best option for a speaker’s delivery notes for extemporaneous delivery is a key-word outline on _____. 1) a single note card 2) several note cards 3) one or more full sheets of paper 4) sheets of paper or note cards, depending on the speaker’s preference
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4) sheets of paper or note cards, depending on the speaker’s preference…
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Rikki wonders whether she should place her keyword outline on note cards for her delivery or to print it out on full sheets. How should you advise her? 1) Avoid note cards as there is insufficient space for delivery hints. 2) Use note cards! They are superior because you can use both sides. 3) Full sheets make no sense as there is too much wasted space. 4) Practice with each method to see which of the two you prefer.
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4) Practice with each method to see which of the two you prefer….
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The primary purpose for having a key-word outline is to _____. 1) create the illusion that the speaker is speaking from memory 2) create the impression that the speaker has prepared carefully for the presentation 3) encourage as much interaction between the speaker and listeners as possible 4) reduce the amount of paper the speaker will have to carry to the podium
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Michelle tells you that she plans to deliver her speech from her formal outline. In light of the textbook’s discussion, how would you respond to her? 1) It makes good sense to have the complete record at your disposal. 2) The advantage of doing so is the audience will see that you’re well prepared. 3) Doing so is okay, provided you transfer the complete outline onto note cards. 4) Doing so is unwise as you may be tempted to read rather than speak to listeners.
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3) Doing so is okay, provided you transfer the complete outline onto note cards….
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When Melaina presented her speech about Colorado legalizing the recreational use of marijuana, one of the points she made was how there had been an economic incentive to do so. While developing the point she cited statistics from the Colorado Department of Revenue regarding how much the state had profited from medicinal marijuana in prior years. When she presented specific information to that effect, she read word-for-word from a note card that “medical marijuana generated nearly $50 million in taxes and fees for the state in 2 ½ years.” How will her audience likely react to her reading this information to them? In other words, how will they likely perceive her behavior? 1) They will perceive that she is overly careful, ultimately diminishing her ethos. 2) They will perceive that she is concerned with accuracy and precision. 3) They will perceive that she has inadequately rehearsed her presentation. 4) They will perceive that she doubts the information and can’t look them in the eye.
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2) They will perceive that she is concerned with accuracy and precision….
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When Randy presented his speech about Colorado legalizing the recreational use of marijuana, he quoted one of its U.S. Representatives, reading word-for-word off of his note card the representative’s words: “We are going to serve as a model to the nation. We’re getting it off the street corners and behind the counters. We are going to see tremendous revenue and job creation and a safe, legal high for those who wish to partake.” How will his audience likely react to his reading this information to them? In other words, how will they likely perceive his behavior? 1) They will perceive that he is overly careful, ultimately diminishing his ethos. 2) They will perceive that he is concerned with accuracy and precision. 3) They will perceive that he has inadequately rehearsed his presentation. 4) They will perceive that he doubts the information and can’t look them in the eye
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…4) They will perceive that she doubts the information and can’t look them in the eye.
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When Jeb presented his speech in February 2007, he provided the latest statistical information available regarding U.S. expenditures for the war in Iraq. He told his audience that the costs were estimated at $700 billion in direct costs and perhaps twice that much when indirect expenditures were included, and that Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz put the total cost at more than $2 trillion. As he reported this information, he read the numbers directly off of his note card. How will his audience likely react to his reading this information to them? In other words, how will they likely perceive his behavior? 1) They will perceive that he is overly careful, ultimately diminishing his ethos. 2) They will perceive that he is concerned with accuracy and precision. 3) They will perceive that he has inadequately rehearsed his presentation. 4) They will perceive that he doubts the information and can’t look them in the eye.
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2) They will perceive that he is concerned with accuracy and precision…
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Which of the following are good pointers for using note cards for one’s delivery? w. Use both sides of the card, to lessen the total number needed. x. Use a larger font size than you would if using sheets of paper for notes. y. Number the cards, so you can quickly reassemble them if dropped. z. Avoid cramming too much material onto any one card. 1) w & x 2) w & y 3) x & y 4) y & z
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4) y & z…
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All of the following are good pointers for using note cards for one’s delivery EXCEPT ______. 1) Keep your note cards out of view, as much as possible. 2) Read from your notes when trying to quote precisely. 3) Avoid staring at your notes or using them as a shield. 4) Hold your notes comfortably, and in full view.
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1) Keep your note cards out of view, as much as possible….
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What is the best way to think of outlining? 1) Its principal benefit is to assist brainstorming and initial research and discovery. 2) Its principal benefit is to reveal the final product of one’s approach to the subject. 3) Its principal benefit is assisting preparations for delivery & bolstering confidence. 4) It assists speakers throughout the speech preparation and delivery process.
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4) It assists speakers throughout the speech preparation and delivery process….

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