Comeaux Chapter 7

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During McKinley’s time as president the US acquires what countries over seas?
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Puerto Rico, Guam, the Philippines, and Hawaii
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During McKinley’s time as president America is in what war?
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Spanish-American War
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Because of America’s new wealth America become what?
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one of the worlds superpower
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the policy of a nation that avoids foreign affairs and stays out of other countries business
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isolationism
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Industrial nations like Great Britain, France, Germany, and Japan competed for what?
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territory throughout the war
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the desire of a nation to obtain and control territories throughout the world
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imperialism
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imperialism equals what?
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power
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Great Britain used the American colonies for what?
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resources and raw materials to get rich
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2 reasons the US used imperialism
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economic interest and ideology
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ideology means?
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what you believe in
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2 types of ideology
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nationalism and cultural superiority
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People thought that gaining territory would do what?
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increase Americas power
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America’s first imperialistic claim was?
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Alaska
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Why was William Seward ridiculed by Congress?
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because they thought Alaska was a frozen wasteland
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What becomes the dominant crop in Hawaii?
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sugarcane
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Before his death the king was forced to sign what?
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the Bayonet Constitution
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What was the Bayonet Constitution suppose to do?
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severely reduce his power
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Under President McKinley Hawaii becomes what?
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a US territory and then a state years later
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Cuba had always been a colony of what?
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Spain
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Cuba launched a series of revolts against who?
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Spanish rule
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When Weyler arrives the US gets involved for 2 reasons:
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Jose Marti and America was loosing money because they couldn’t trade with Cuba anymore
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After the Civil War during the 1870s and 1880s the US was concerned with what?
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domestic problems in America
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The 2 most widely read newspapers in America were published by?
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William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
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Both newspapers used what to attract their readers?
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Yellow Journalism
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These newspapers told ____ stories and ____ to attract their readers.
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scandals stories and sensationalist
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Who did not want to get involved with the Cuba?
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McKinley
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The New York Journal published what?
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the De Lome Letter
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What did the De Lome Letter do to McKinley?
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criticized him and called him a coward
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Both newspapers supported what? and both exaggerated the stories about how bad what was?
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Cuban cause Spanish retreating of Cuba
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The Spanish- American War was fought in 2 places/fronts:
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Cuba and the Philippines
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Days before declaring war against Spain, Congress recognized Cuba’s independence and passed what?
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The Teller Amendment
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The Teller Amendment said?
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that once Cuba was free the US would leave Cuba alone
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Even though it only took 4 months, victory in Cuba proved difficult because…
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the US wasn’t prepared
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In Cuba, Teddy Roosevelt led a group of volunteer soldiers known as the what?
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Rough Riders
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For his heroic actions at the Battle of San Juan Hill, what was Roosevelt given?
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a medal of honor
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The US Navy sank the entire Spanish fleet off the coast of Cuba in what battle?
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Battle of Santiago
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In only a matter of hours the US wanted what?
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a decisive victory over Spain in the Philippines
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Two weeks after the Battle of Santiago, Spain did what?
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surrendered in Cuba
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In the Treaty of Paris Spain agreed to:
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Cuban Independence Puerto Rico and Guam were given to the US The Philippines were sold to the US for 20 million dollars
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Significance of the Spanish-American War:
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the US emerged from this war as an imperialistic power with colonies in the Pacific and the Carribean
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The US feared that other countries would try to take control of Cuba, so we created what was called what?
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the Platt Amendment
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The Platt Amendment provided that Cuba would:
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not sign any foreign treaty that threatened Cuba’s independence allowed the US to intervene in Cuba if necessary Grant the US Naval bases (Guantanamo Bay)
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What did the Platt Amendment make Cuba?
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a US protectorate
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a country under control and protection of another country
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protectorate
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The US governed Puerto Rico as a what?
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territory
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The leader of the Filipino rebels fighting for independence was who?
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Emilio Aguinaldo
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What did Aguinaldo capture?
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the capital city of Manila in the Philippines
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What was the controversy in the US?
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whether the US should annex the Philippines
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3 reasons Americans wanted to annex the Philippines:
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for business interest, it was Americas responsibility to spread democracy, and we wanted to annex before the Philippines fell into the hands to Germany or Japan
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Before the US takes over Emilio Aguinaldo did what?
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declares himself president
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After 3 years of fighting Aguinaldo is what?
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captured and forced from power
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After the Spanish-American War the US began to what?
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expand its power to Latin America
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By 1952 Puetro Rico does what?
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governs themselves
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When Teddy Roosevelt becomes president he wanted a canal across where?
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the country of Panama that linked the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
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At the time Roosevelt wanted a canal, Panama was under whose rule?
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Columbia
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What did the Colombian government want?
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more money and they rejected Roosevelt’s offer to buy it
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Instead of buying Panama, Roosevelt did what?
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he supported the people in Panama to overthrow Columbia
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Panama appointed who as their prime minister?
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Philip Bunau- Vanrilla
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Panama and the US signed what treaty to build the Panama Canal?
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Hay-Bunau-Vanrilla
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The US had 3 presidents with 3 different policies towards Latin America:
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Teddy Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson
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Roosevelt thought that controlling the Caribbean and Latin America was what?
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essential to America’s national points
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Roosevelt’s policy to ensure US dominants in the western hemisphere was called what?
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the Roosevelt Corollary
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The problem with Latin America was what?
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they owed money to European nations
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In the late 1800s European nations vested large sums of money into Latin America, but what happened?
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Latin America could not pay them back
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Why did Roosevelt issue the Roosevelt Corollary?
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because European nations was threatening to use force against Latin America
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The first place that Roosevelt’s Corollary was enforced was where?
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the Dominican Republic
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As history shows the Roosevelt Corollary succeeded in bringing what?
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stability to Latin America and kept Europe out to the western hemisphere
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Who succeeded Teddy Roosevelt?
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William Howard Taft
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What was Tafts policy called?
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the Dollar Diplomacy
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What was Roosevelt’s policy called?
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Roosevelt Corollary
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The dollar diplomacy used America’s economic power to do what?
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achieve US goals in Latin America
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Who was Taft’s Secretary of State?
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Phil Knox
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In Taft’s policy, Taft and Knox bought out what?
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all European loans
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What was Wilson’s policy called?
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Morale Diplomacy
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The use of American persuasion and American ideals to advance US interest in Latin America…
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Morale Diplomacy
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Who was Wilson’s Secretary of State?
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William Jennings Brian
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Brian negotiated a treaty with Colombia apologizing for what?
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Roosevelt’s treatment of them in Panama
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Wilson intervened more times than who?
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Roosevelt or Taft combined
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Why did Morale Diplomacy prove difficult in Latin America?
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because those nations were always in constant turmoil
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By 1917 who were American troops sent in to protect?
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the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Nicaragua
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During Taft’s presidency US influence in America did what?
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grew
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Dollar Diplomacy was just as successful as what?
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the Roosevelt Corollary

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