chapter 9 emergency procedures and first aid

question

designed to render immediate care to persons injured, prior to the arrival of physicians
answer

first aid
question

provides some degree of legal protections to the health care professional who offers first aid
answer

good Samaritan law
question

a condition in which the circulatory system is not providing enough blood to all parts of the body, causing the body’s organ to fail to function properly
answer

shock
question

is a condition in which your heart suddenly can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs
answer

cardiogenic shock
question

is an emergency condition in which severe blood and fluid loss make the heart unable to pump enough blood to the body
answer

Hypovolemic shock
question

is a distributive type of shock resulting in low blood pressure, occasionally with a slowed heart rate, that is attributed to the disruption of the autonomic pathways within the spinal cord
answer

neurogenic shock
question

an extreme, often life-threatening allergic reaction to an antigen to which the body has become hypersensitive.
answer

anaphylactic shock
question

is a serious medical condition that occurs when sepsis, which is a body-wide inflammatory response to infection, leads to dangerously low blood pressure
answer

septic
question

is a severe, life-threatening medical condition characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs.
answer

respiratory shock
question

6 types of shock
answer

septic, respiratory, anaphylactic, neurogenic, hypovolemic, cardiogenic
question

types of wounds
answer

open and closed
question

have no break in skin, some may cause internal bleeding, rest or no movement and ice treatments
answer

closed wounds
question

minor tears in skin, or more serious break, all represent chance for infection, tetanus shot may be needed
answer

open wounds
question

superficial scraping of the epidermis, clean, apply ointment and some dressing
answer

abrasion
question

skin is torn off and bleeding profusely, clean, apply dressing, then bandage
answer

avulsion
question

caused by a sharp object, may need sutures
answer

incision
question

tear the body tissue and can be difficult to clean
answer

laceration
question

pierce deep and penetrate the skin but don’t appear to be deep
answer

punctures
question

sterile pads
answer

dressings
question

non sterile wraps placed over dressings, application depends on injury and injury site, avoid too loose or too tight wrapping
answer

bandages
question

open or closed spiral bandages are good for
answer

arms or legs
question

figure of eight bandages are good for
answer

hand, wrist, knee or ankle
question

tubular gauze bandages are good for
answer

fingers, toes, arms or legs
question

superficial top layer of skin
answer

first degree burn
question

skin is red and blisters appear
answer

second degree burns
question

affects all layers of skin , plus fat, muscles, bones, and nerves under skin
answer

third degree burn
question

accessing injuries to muscles, joints, & bones
answer

-note extent of bruising and swelling -pain is signal of injury – noticeable deformity to bone or injury -use of injured area is limited – talk to pt, what happened, did it make a sound when it happened?
question

heat related illnesses
answer

-heat cramps’ -heat exhaustion -heat stroke
question

cold related illnesses
answer

frostbite hypothermia
question

four ways poison can enter the body
answer

-ingestion – inhalation -absorption -injection
question

symptoms of a poisonous snake bite
answer

-severe pain at location of the bite – swelling, redness, bruising, at location of the bite, spreading up bitten limb – nausea & vomiting -•diarrhea -hives
question

result of a ruptured blood vessel in brain, causing hemorrhage, can be caused by a clot, brain is deprived of O2 too long, causing brain cells to die
answer

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) (stroke)
question

signs & symptoms of a heart attack
answer

chest tightness, pain radiating down 1 or both arms, pain radiating into left shoulder or jaw, rapid pulse, diaphoresis, cold clammy skin, N/V, agitation, pallor, SOB
question

women may have different symptoms of a heart attack such as..
answer

ABD discomfort, burning sensation in chest, discomfort/pain in lower back or chest, fatigue, SOB

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member