Australia Study Guide
Major Physical Features
Ayers Rock – Central Australia, Great Barrier Reef – Coral Sea
Where is the Coral Sea?
Where is the Great Barrier Reef?
Where is Ayers Rock (Uluru)?
Where is the Great Victoria Desert?
Where is the Great Dividing Range?
What kind of climate does Australia have in the Central and West?
Semi-arid (10-20 inches rain per yr)
What kind of climate does Australia have in the South and East?
Temperate climate: Equal summer and winter, few extreme conditions
What part of Australia has the warmest climate?
City of Darwin & Central Australia
What part of Australia has the coolest climate?
Tasmania and the southeastern coast
Most people live in larger cities along the _________________.
East coast (better weather; not too hot or cold)
Where in Australia is the largest concentration of people?
New South Wales
Few people in Australia live in ________________?
desert regions (too hot and dry)
Which people visit Australia most often?
_________ is a major industry in the Outback.
__________ attracted thousands of immigrants in the 19th century.
___________ is the state with most precious metals
Many natural resources are sent to ___________.
The first inhabitants of Australia are the __________.
Aborigines migrated from ____________.
Aborigines are nomadic _____________________.
hunters and gatherers
The aborigine age of creation is called ______________.
The _________________________ forced Great Britain in the late 1700s to look for a new place to which criminals could be sent. Could no longer send prisoners to Georgia.
American War of Independence
__________________ is the greatest threat to the Aborigines after the Europeans began settling Australia.
The ______________ in the mid 19th century led to thousands of immigrants to South Australia.
Europeans spread the ____________ religion and ___________ language across continent upon arrival in Australia.
Which abundant natural resource helps Australia trade with other countries?
Australia has a ___________ economy?
Australia is one of the easiest countries in the world to start a _________________.
The literacy Rate in Australia is ________________.
_______________ generate tax revenue for governments and protect a country’s own industries against foreign competition.
The government of Australia is a ____________ and a ___________.
In Australia, the ____________ have the most power
The __________________ is also the leader of the political party with the most seats in Parliament.
The British Queen is represented in Australian government by the _____________________.