Australia Study Guide

Major Physical Features
Ayers Rock – Central Australia, Great Barrier Reef – Coral Sea

Where is the Coral Sea?
Where is the Coral Sea?

Where is the Great Barrier Reef?
Where is the Great Barrier Reef?

Where is Ayers Rock (Uluru)?
Where is Ayers Rock (Uluru)?

Where is the Great Victoria Desert?
Where is the Great Victoria Desert?

Where is the Great Dividing Range?
Where is the Great Dividing Range?

What kind of climate does Australia have in the Central and West?
Semi-arid (10-20 inches rain per yr)

What kind of climate does Australia have in the South and East?
Temperate climate: Equal summer and winter, few extreme conditions

What part of Australia has the warmest climate?
City of Darwin & Central Australia

What part of Australia has the coolest climate?
Tasmania and the southeastern coast

Most people live in larger cities along the _________________.
East coast (better weather; not too hot or cold)

Where in Australia is the largest concentration of people?
New South Wales

Few people in Australia live in ________________?
desert regions (too hot and dry)

Which people visit Australia most often?
New Zealand

_________ is a major industry in the Outback.
Mining

__________ attracted thousands of immigrants in the 19th century.
Gold

___________ is the state with most precious metals
Western Australia

Many natural resources are sent to ___________.
China

The first inhabitants of Australia are the __________.
Aborigines

Aborigines migrated from ____________.
Asia

Aborigines are nomadic _____________________.
hunters and gatherers

The aborigine age of creation is called ______________.
Dreamtime

The _________________________ forced Great Britain in the late 1700s to look for a new place to which criminals could be sent. Could no longer send prisoners to Georgia.
American War of Independence

__________________ is the greatest threat to the Aborigines after the Europeans began settling Australia.
European diseases

The ______________ in the mid 19th century led to thousands of immigrants to South Australia.
Gold Rush

Europeans spread the ____________ religion and ___________ language across continent upon arrival in Australia.
Christian, English

Which abundant natural resource helps Australia trade with other countries?
Iron ore

Australia has a ___________ economy?
market

Australia is one of the easiest countries in the world to start a _________________.
business

The literacy Rate in Australia is ________________.
very high

_______________ generate tax revenue for governments and protect a country’s own industries against foreign competition.
Tariffs

The government of Australia is a ____________ and a ___________.
federal, democracy

In Australia, the ____________ have the most power
people (citizens)

The __________________ is also the leader of the political party with the most seats in Parliament.
Prime minister

The British Queen is represented in Australian government by the _____________________.
Governor-general