Argumentative Essays Essay
An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support your opinion. Your goal is to convince your reader that your opinion is right.
Argumentation is a popular kind of essay question because it forces students to think on their own: They have to take a stand on an issue, support their stand with solid reasons, and support their reasons with solid evidence. In a general writing test such as the TOEFL exam, you might encounter questions such as these: The U. S. Declaration of Independence states that “all men are created equal. Agree or disagree with this statement. Support your opinion with reasons and examples.
The most important element in a friendship is trust. Agree or disagree with this statement. Support your opinion with reasons and examples. 142 Chapte1· 9 I Argumentative Essays 143 In an academic class, your instructor might ask questions such as these: CRIMINAL JUSTICE Some cities in the United States and the United Kingdom have passed laws establishing curfews for young people.
Young people (usually age I 7 and younger) may not be out on the streets after 9 or 10 P. M.Do you agree or disagree with such curfews? Stem cell research offers a potential cure for many fatal diseases. Many people oppose stem cell research because it involves using cells from human embryos. Do you agree or disagree that stem cell research should be prohibited? Companies that do business abroad sometimes find that local business practices include activities considered unethical at home-offering gifts of money or awarding contracts to family members, for example.
Should companies go along with local business practices in order to become successful, or should they refuse to do so and isk failure as a result? HEALTH SCIENCES BUSINESS ETHICS What is unique about an argumentative essay is that you do not just give reasons to support your point of view. You must also discuss the other sid~’s reasons and then rebut them. (Rebut means to point out problems with the other side’s reasons to prove that they are not good reasons. ) We do this because we want readers to know that we have considered all sides of the issue. When we show that we are reasonable and open-minded, readers are more likely to listen to our point of view.
Organization of Argumentative Essa11sThere are several ways to organize an argumentative essay. You can use a block pattern or a point-by-point pattern. The outlines in the following chart show these two possible patterns. Block Pattern I. Introduction Explanation of the issue Thesis statement Point..
:by-P. oint Pattern I. Introduction Explanation of the issue, including a summary of the other side’s arguments Thesis statement II. Body A. Statement of the other side’s first argument and rebuttal with your own counterargument B.
Statement of the other side’s second argument and rebuttal with your own counterargument C.Statement of the other side’s third argument and rebuttal with your own counterargument Ill. Conclusion-may include a summary of your point of view II. Body A. B.
C. D. Block 1 Summary of other side’s arguments Rebuttal to the first argument Rebuttal to the second argument Rebuttal to the third argument Block 2 E. Your first argument F. Your second argument G.
Your third argument Ill. Conclusion-may include a summary of your point of view 144 Part n I Writing an Essa11 There are many variations on these two patterns. Which pattern you use will depend on your topic.With some topics, one pattern works better than others.
The important thing is to present your side and rebut the other side in a logical and organized way. As you read the following model essay, study its organization. Argumentation y~ars. “. “fhe~~ are tbe year,s .
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