Analysis of felda jengka settlement analysis Essay
Pick any rural country that you are familiar with. Describe its socio economic background including approximative broadband incursion. Describe businesss that are bing at that place, demographics and geographicss lay out including major edifices and geographical locations.
What are rural countries? Harmonizing to an online beginning, the definition of rural countries is countries that are mostly isolated in an unfastened state with low population denseness. Many people frequently have a misconception between the footings “ countryside ” and “ rural countries ” . Countryside is frequently referred to rural countries that are unfastened. Areas such as forest, wetlands and others that have low population denseness are associated with rural countries. However the definition between the footings countryside, rural and urban countries differ from one state to another. In Malaysia ‘s early yearss, urban countries frequently equated to gazetted disposal territories with a population of 1000 or more dwellers where most of its economic system are chiefly professional-based. Most of the people populating in urban countries work as
Figure: Malaysia – Rural Populationdoctors, attorneies, applied scientists and others. However, this definition is no longer applicable in today ‘s universe. In Malaysia, the economic system of the rural countries on the other manus is chiefly agricultural-based. Most of the colonists are smallholder operators in agricultural sector and laborers. The smallholder agricultural sector includes oil thenar plantation, rubber plantation, fishermen, and estate workers, merely to call a few. From Figure: Malaysia – Rural Population graph, it can be seen that there are many rural colonists in the 90 ‘s. However, harmonizing to World Bank statistics, it is reported that in the twelvemonth 2008 itself, the population of rural colonists was 8007029.29 people. From the graph itself, it can be seen that after the twelvemonth 2000, the rural populations start to diminish. One of the grounds that cause the decrease of rural population is the migration of rural colonists to urban countries.
Since decennaries ago, the chief businesss of the rural colonists in Peninsular Malaysia are angling or farming. Most of these colonists live in small towns which are frequently known as campongs. These small towns consist of houses that are built on piles with wooden or bamboo walls and floors, and thatched thenar roofs. However, merely as urban countries, there are higher income earners excessively in these small towns. Higher income earners are frequently to populate in houses that have either Sn or tile roofs. Since the chief business of these small towns is farming, most of the rural colonists grow rice. Therefore, rice will be their staple nutrient. In Malaysia, most of the rural colonists are husbandmans due to the ideal clime and environment in Malaysia throughout the twelvemonth that allows Paddy to be planted. Besides paddy cultivating, fresh veggies plantation and fishing in nearby watercourses or rivers are portion of their day-to-day jobs. Raising gum elastic trees for gum elastic aggregation is carried out to increase the household income. Those populating along the seashore will gain their life through fishing. In Sabah and Sarawak, the rural colonists differ from Peninsular Malaysia. In the Western of Malaysia, most of the people live in stray small towns. They preferred to remain together in a big long house that can suit tonss of households. Their day-to-day jobs include raising veggies, runing, fishing and garnering comestible workss in the jungles. In most rural small towns whether in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah or Sarawak, there will a few stores that will be operated by Chinese merchandisers. These stores will sell points that rural colonists could non bring forth. They include java, milks, utensils and others. However, in Sabah and Sarawak, some Chinese pedlars are willing to go to the isolated small towns by boat. Once they reached the stray small towns, they will interchange their goods with the wood merchandises that the rural colonists have. Most of the rural colonists live in poorness. There are many factors that drive poorness among the rural colonists. One of the factors is multidimensional in nature runing from societal to economic factors. One of the research workers, Ungku Aziz ( 1964 ) stated that poorness is normally associated with deficiency substructures, low income, low productiveness and unemployment. In decision, poorness in rural countries is due to miss of substructure development, public assistance programmes and agricultural development.
Figure 1: Jengka Triangle LocationUntil today, in Malaysia there are many rural countries that are scattered around. In this write up, the rural country that is picked is FELDA Jengka. FELDA Jengka or Bandar Pusat Jengka is located in the province of Pahang, Peniinsular Malaysia as shown in Figure 1. Bandar Pusat Jengka is one of the major metropoliss and is located in the Centre of the trigon Jengka which is besides known as Felda Jengka. Bandar Pusat Jengka is under the supervising and disposal of FELDA. It is located near to Gunung Senyum Recreational Forest which serves as a tourer finish. Gunung Senyum is believed that since Mesolithic epoch, there are human colonies in this country. Following to Gunung Senyum is Gunung Puyuh which consists of 18 caves. FELDA stands for Federal Land Development Authority which is established in 1st July 1956 by the Malayan Government to manage the relocation of rural hapless to much more developed countries. FELDA provide the initial theoretical accounts to the rural colonists to get down their calling in farming. This strategy is merely applicable to cultural Malays. Presently, harmonizing to a survey carried out, FELDA is one of the universe ‘s largest plantation proprietors. FELDA has approximately 811140 hectares of oil thenars across Peninsular Malaysia.
The location of Jengka Triangle or FELDA Jengka where 25 colonies are found in this Triangle.
Figure 1: Location of Jengka Triangle Development Area hypertext transfer protocol: //www.nzdl.org/gsdl/collect/ccgi/archives/HASH9312.dir/80636e01.gif
Figure 2: Jengka Triangle Development Area
Jengka was foremost found in the twelvemonth 1967 and today its population is making about 300 1000 people. Jengka is located in between three parts viz. Temerloh, Maran and Jerantut. This little town obtained its name from a nearby river called Sungai Jengka. Harmonizing to some occupants at that place, this river obtained its name from a narrative where a adult female by the named Yang Jangka who drowned in this river. The Lembaga Kemajuan Wilayah Jengka ( LKWJ ) administered this town from the twelvemonth 1967 to 1997. Then from 1997 until today, Jengka is administered by Majlis Daerah Maran ( MDM ) . Bandar Pusat Jengka got its name from Jengka town. Jengka town originally is a colony that specially built for workers who work in Kilang Syarikat Jengka Sdn. Bhd. ( SJSB ) in 1969. Kilang Syarikat Jengka Sdn. Bhd. ( SJSB ) is a subordinate of the Pahang State Government.
Jengka colonists came from all over Malaysia since 1986. They are the hapless people who have the populating criterion of below poorness degree. Harmonizing to a survey done, the bulk of the FELDA Jengka colonists ‘ ascendants are largely deployed from the northern provinces such as Perak, Perlis, Kedah and Penang. However, there are some who came from eastern provinces and southern provinces such as Kelantan, Melaka, and Selangor, merely to call a few. This will leads to a blend of different civilizations and traditions as different colonists from different provinces will seek to continue their lineage imposts and civilization. Besides the bulk Malays colonists, there are besides Chinese and Indians colonists. Table 1 shows the dislocation of the Jengka colonists by province beginning. It can be seen that most of the colonists are from the province of Pahang itself.
Table 1: Jengka Settlers by province of beginning
Today under the disposal of FELDA, in Bandar Pusat Jengka itself, there are about 25 FELDA colonies. They include FELDA Anggerik Jengka 1, FELDA Cempaka Jengka 2, FELDA Dahlia Jengka 3, FELDA Kemboja Jengka 4, FELDA Kekwa Jengka 5, FELDA Keembong Jengka 6, FELDA Kenanga Jengka 7, FELDA Kesidang Jengka 8, FELDA Kesumba Jengka 9, FELDA Mawar Jengka 10, FELDA Melati Jengka 11, FELDA Melor Jengka 12, FELDA Puteri Malu Jengka 13, FELDA Raya Jengka 14, FELDA Semarak Jengka 15, FELDA Sena Jengka 16, FELDA Seri Pagi Jengka 17, FELDA Seroja Jengka 18, FELDA Siantan Jengka 19, FELDA Tanjung Jengka 20, FELDA Teratai Jengka 21, FELDA Terkis Jengka 22, FELDA Tonkin Jengka 23, FELDA Jengka 24, and FELDA Jengka 25. These FELDA colonies are located a few kilometers off from each others. In each colony there are about 300 to 500 of colonists busying.
Each of the male colonists is known as “ Peneroka FELDA ” and their married womans are known as “ Penerokawati ” . The married womans of the colonists are under the supervising of a director that is appointed by the FELDA. For illustration in FELDA Jengka 25, there are about 152 households populating in this colony. FELDA Jengka 25 opened its door in the twelvemonth 1986. The old ages before that, which is in between the twelvemonth 1983 and 1984, development and deployment in FELDA Jengka 25 Begin. In this colony, farming land is divided into two classs which are Level 002 and Level 004. Degree 002 consists of 95 people and Level 004 consists of 57 people. Level 003 do non hold any colonists. The chief businesss of the FELDA colonists are chiefly agriculture based as more than half of the populations in FELDA Jengka are involved in agricultural activities. Table 2 shows the distribution of colonists in the FELDA Jengka Triangle harmonizing to strategy. From Table 2, it can be seen that FELDA Jengka colonists are chiefly involve in oil plantation and gum elastic. Therefore, it can be concluded that in Jengka Triangle the chief harvests are oil thenar and gum elastic.
FELDA Jengka 24 is one of the 25 colonies in FELDA Jengka. It is found that up to twelvemonth 2008, the population of this colony is about 5000 people. Most of the colonists are involved in little concerns through the Small and Medium Enterprise ( SME ) which was established few old ages back. Most of the older coevalss that settle in this colony are involved in land cultivating, and working in farms and groves. The younger coevalss have further their surveies at the tie third degree in other provinces. Some of the younger coevalss seek occupations in large metropoliss like Kuala Lumpur. As stated in the beginning of the authorship, plantation sector is the beginning of income for most colonists in Jengka Triangle. Most of the colonists in FELDA Jengka 24 and besides others colonies in the Jengka Triangle parts are involved in oil thenar plantation. Besides affecting in oil thenar plantation, the colonists are courageous plenty to take the hazard of puting in agarwood tree plantation. Agarwood is said to be one of the most expensive and good quality works merchandise. It is said that this workss required eight months to harvest and a sum of five old ages are needed for the trees to be cut. All the colonists work really closely with FELDA in this sector. Mature oil thenar will be collected by the colonists and will be transported to FELDA ‘s Oil Palm Processing Plant to be processed. FELDA play an of import function in guaranting that the colonists will be paid for their difficult work. Besides, it is besides found that there is an norm of 13 stores per strategy. Most of the stores sell basic necessities such as rice, sugar, canned nutrient and others. There are besides stores that operate as java stores that sell assorted types of bars, drinks and noodles. Sundry stores and java stores are normally found in the colonies. Besides, assorted stores and java stores, there are stores that fix motors, hardware stores, bookstores and others. Recently, a young person from FELDA Jengka involved in aquaculture field. Leech agriculture has been initiated by Mohd Khairul Nizam Che Anuar and his friends. They will rise up bloodsuckers in canvas containers and after 60 yearss, they will sell these bloodsuckers at the monetary value of RM200 per kg. These bloodsuckers will be processed into leech oil.
Table 2: Distribution of Jengka Settlers based on the strategy
In Bandar Pusat Jengka, there are about eight schools, two colleges and a university. The Government realized that instruction is truly of import in determining the hereafter of the younger coevalss. Besides, in Malaysia ‘s fundamental law, every citizens of Malaysia have the right to obtain a proper instruction. Therefore, schools such as Sekolah Kebangsaan Jengka Pusat, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Jengka Pusat, Maahad As-Sultan Ahmad Shah Ad-Dini, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Jengka 6 and others were built. FELDA excessively provides pecuniary support for the colonists ‘ kids who are fostering their surveies to third degree. Besides, the Universiti Teknologi MaraA ( UiTM ) Cawangan Pahang – Kampus Bandar Jengka was built so that criterion of life of the colonists in Bandar Pusat Jengka can be improved. The Government have been developed Bandar Pusat Jengka by presenting new installations to suit the demands of the people populating in Bandar Pusat Jengka. The Government realized that new installations should be built in rural countries like Bandar Pusat Jengka to guarantee that the rural colonists are non left buttocks in the state ‘s development. Bandar Pusat Jengka has been given many public installations. They include Jengka Hospitals, Masjid Sultan Ahmad Shah, Bandar Jengka, public library, bus terminal Nadi Kota Bandar Pusat Jengka and Urban Community Polyclinic Jengka. Besides these installations, the Government excessively have conveying some of the Government bureaus such as, Islamic Council and the Office of Customs Pahang, constabulary station, Fire and Rescue Department, National Registration Department, Department of Road Transport, Office ofA National Energy and Office of theA NSW Department of Water Supply to this country so that the rural colonists need non necessitate to go to the nearest town some 40 kilometers off to do a visit to any of these bureaus. In add-on to that, the Government excessively built some athleticss installations such as golf classs, athleticss composite and mini bowl to let the rural colonists to affect themselves in athleticss. Fiscal establishments such as Maybank, Bank Rakyat, Tabung Haji and Affin Bank merely to call a few have established in Bandar Pusat Jengka. These fiscal establishments supply installations such as loans, fiscal direction and others to assist the rural colonists to increase their harvests production. The public assistance and safety of the colonists in each colony in FELDA Jengka is good taken attention of by the Scheme Development and Security Committee ( JKKR ) which is formed under FELDA entrusted. The Scheme Development and Security Committee ( JKKR ) will continue a high duty in giving co-operations and aid to the colonists so that the colonists will be able to come on farther which is portion of the authorities ‘s aspirations.
In the recent Budget, the Government has allocated a immense sum of allotment to develop the rural countries around Malaysia. This is to guarantee that the colonists in the rural countries will be able to obtain equal installations. It can be seen that in most rural countries, most of the occupants are able to bask electricity and H2O supply in their places. Presently the one of the Government inspirations is to link the rural countries with the urban countries. In order to accomplish this, incursion of broadband should be introduced to rural countries. Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ) in the Centre Line Community ( CBC ) is introduced to FELDA Jengka 23 and 25 in April 2010. This chief purpose of this installation is to assist the younger coevalss in the rural colony to be ICT literacy and to make full their leisure clip. By holding internet installation in the rural colonies, the younger coevalss will be able to pass on with the outside universe as bridging between the rural and urban community could be formed. This will able to widen their cognition. CBC was introduced to rural colonies due to the inspiration from the Government to guarantee that all Malaysians have knowledge about the cyberspace and are able to link to the universe. Besides, this will convey alterations to the outlook of the FELDA younger coevalss colonists. Harmonizing to CBC FELDA Jengka 23 Manager, Mohd Shahrir Md Yusof, he said that this installation is a joint venture undertaking between the Government with Suruhanjaya Komunikasi Dan Multimedia Malaysia ( SKMM ) and Telekom Malaysia. Broadband incursion in rural countries such as FELDA Jengka has brought alterations to the populating criterion of the colonists. With the cyberspace installation at Centre Line Community ( CBC ) , the colonists are able to salvage clip, money and energy. Furthermore, their day-to-day activities such as paying monthly public-service corporation measures, concern on-line payment ( money transportation ) , communicate with outpost household members and merchandises telling by consumers ; merely to call a few will be easier to be carried out. With this broadband incursion in FELDA Jengka, the colonists need non necessitate to go more than 40 kilometers to the nearest town such as Termerloh to transport out their activities. Presently in FELDA Jengka 23 itself, the Government and other organisations have allocated 20 units of computing machines. The colonists are able to utilize the installation from 9am to 6pm throughout the hebdomad. Besides, the CBC excessively provides basic computing machine categories to educate the colonists on the operations of the computing machine and some of the programmes. Harmonizing to Mohd Shahrir, there is a high respond from the colonists on this installation where the mean users of the installation are more than 100 colonists per twenty-four hours. Besides FELDA Jengka 23, other colonies such as FELDA Jengka 24 excessively are equipped with the broadband installation. In FELDA Jengka 24, the CBC is located together with the Rural Clinic. Harmonizing to Khairul Nizam Che Anuar or Along who is a young person life in FELDA Jengka 24, he said that he normally visit the CBC to surf the cyberspace and to larn more about bloodsucker agriculture. CBC excessively can surf as a topographic point where the colonists are able to run into up and pass on with other colonists. Therefore, this will leads to a better bonding between the colonists. In FELDA Jengka 24, there are merely two computing machines, a scanner and pressman.