6.4.2Test (CST): The Art of Policymaking

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What is the name for the actions the government takes on behalf of the people?
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Policies
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The defining characteristics of a public policy are that it must _____, be accepted as legitimate, and be created through a political process.
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affect many people
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Policymaking goes through a predictable sequence, from agenda setting through evaluating the results of a policy. What is the name of this sequence?
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The policy cycle
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According to Professor Pillar’s article about the war in Iraq, what is the proper role of intelligence in the policy cycle?
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To inform decision making
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According to Professor Pillar’s article about the war in Iraq, what policy-cycle mistake did the Bush administration make?
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It used intelligence to justify decisions already made.
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What political process is most likely to be used when the costs of a policy are concentrated and its benefits are distributed widely?
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Entrepreneurial politics
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What political process is most likely to be used when both the costs and benefits of a policy are concentrated?
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Interest-group politics
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How might the Federal Reserve respond to an overheated economy or boom?
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By selling bonds in the open market
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What is the term for policies that affect the welfare, or well-being, of the people?
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Social polices
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together under President Franklin Roosevelt in the 1930s to lessen human misery and end the economic downturn called the Great Depression?
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New Deal
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Which of these terms best describes the collection of social programs put together under President Lyndon Johnson in the 1960s to improve life for needy Americans?
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great society
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Which of these terms best describes a collection of programs created in 1935 that includes Old-Age, Survivors, Disability, and Hospital Insurance?
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Social Security
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Define the term foreign policy.
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The country’s plan for dealing with other countries and peoples of the world
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The Bush Doctrine is a foreign policy strategy that incorporates all of the following except:
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the United States will go to war if necessary in order to preserve the freedom of the seas and to protect neutral shipping from attacks.
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The Bush Doctrine is a foreign policy strategy that incorporates all of the following except
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the United States can intervene in Latin America, but European nations are forbidden from military intervention or economic coercion in South and Central America.
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The Bush Doctrine is a foreign policy strategy that incorporates all of the following except:
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the United States will take action to contain Communism, and will attempt to aggressively \”roll back\” Communism where it can.
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What is the name for the powers that the Constitution gives to the state governments and forbids the national government from using?
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. reserved powers
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Which clause of the United States Constitution requires states to support the laws and court decisions of other states?
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Full faith and credit clause
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Why are the states sometimes called the \”laboratories of democracy\”?
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Most policy experiments take place on the state level first.
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\”Laboratories of democracy\” is another name for the states. Why is this?
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State governments use their powers to experiment with new policies.
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What level of government has primary policymaking responsibility for deciding whether convicted felons can vote in presidential elections?
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state government
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What is the name of the level of local government directly below the state?
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county
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What level of government has jurisdiction over a single population center?
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The correct answer is: Municipal.
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What form of municipal government closely matches the structure of state and national government, with a distinct executive and legislative branch
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Mayor-council.
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What form of municipal government closely matches the structure of most corporations, with a professional manager reporting to an elected board?
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Council-manager.
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What form of municipal government combines the executive and legislative functions into a single body
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Commission plan
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If you wanted to find out why work crews were tearing up your street, your first call would probably be to the _____.
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municipal government
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Imagine that you want to change the books that 10th graders are reading in English class. You create a petition explaining why your preferred textbooks are better than the ones on the list. Who should that petition be directed to?
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The local school board.
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If you wanted to talk to the people who ran the level of government that was directly under the state, who would you look up in your phone book?
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County government employees

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