World Civilizations II Ch. 13

question

A consequence of the increasing wealth of European states was:
answer

European states grew rich enough to wage almost unceasing wars against one another.
question

Which of the following was NOT a source of wealth found by European colonizers in the Americas?
answer

silks and porcelains
question

The French empire in seventeenth-century North America profited from which commodity?
answer

furs
question

The economic philosophy that assumed that the world’s wealth was fixed and one country could only increase its wealth at the expense of another was known as _______.
answer

mercantilism
question

How did the commercial network run by the Ekpe society in West Africa enforce the delivery of promised slaves by traders?
answer

holding pawns who, if traders didn’t deliver, would be sold instead of the missing slaves
question

How did Dutch merchants contribute to the development of European commerce?
answer

They established a stock exchange, a banking system, and a system for insuring cargoes.
question

What role did Tokugawa Japan’s semi-independent \”vassal\” islands play for Japanese society as a whole?
answer

They served as buffers that helped to define the identity of those who lived in Japan.
question

The demographic impact of the Atlantic slave trade on Africa in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was as devastating as the impact of Afro-Eurasian diseases on Native Americans in the sixteenth century.
answer

false
question

The Mughal dynasty made a successful effort to develop a naval presence in the Indian Ocean to forestall the growing European influence in the region.
answer

false
question

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the average life expectancy of an African slave brought to the Caribbean was:
answer

three years.
question

Access to what natural resource allowed the Asante kingdom to begin its growth and development?
answer

gold
question

The Qing dynasty expanded Chinese control into Tibet and central Asia.
answer

true
question

The English colonial model in the New World differed from other European states in that it:
answer

depended on dispossessing Indians from their lands in order to accommodate a growing English settler population hungry for farmlands.
question

What was the Mughal emperors’ major source of revenue?
answer

land rents
question

The system of government established by the Romanov dynasty in seventeenth-century Russia was:
answer

absolutist.
question

What role did Europeans play in the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century slave trade in Africa?
answer

They depended on indigenous political and trading networks that brought slaves to the coasts.
question

In general, the slave trade helped to shift wealth toward which African social group?
answer

the warrior class
question

_______ destabilized the Ottoman Empire during the seventeenth century.
answer

Inflation
question

Fluctuations in commodity prices had little effect on the stability of states during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
answer

false
question

The English and French profited from the colonization of the Americas despite the lack of precious metals in their colonies.
answer

true
question

Many people who were captured and enslaved in the Atlantic slave trade died before leaving Africa.
answer

true
question

Which of the following best describes the initial relationship that developed between French colonists and Native Americans?
answer

cooperation and French dependence on Indian knowledge
question

Which of the following set of goods were introduced to Indians in North America by Europeans?
answer

guns, alcohol, horses
question

The wealth generated by the Atlantic system primarily benefited:
answer

European elites.
question

The Oyo Empire:
answer

conducted annual military campaigns.
question

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) sought to establish a monopoly over the trade in:
answer

spices.
question

The Dutch killed or enslaved nearly the entire population of the Bandanese Islands in order to:
answer

buy nutmeg at a low price in the Bandanese Islands and sell nutmeg at many times that price in Europe.
question

Why did the Tokugawa shoguns limit foreign traders’ access to Japan?
answer

They feared that the growth of trade would orient commercial activity away from the capital.
question

After having initially welcomed trade and Christianity into Japan in the sixteenth century, Tokugawa officials banned Christianity and expelled missionaries from Japan.
answer

true
question

During the seventeenth century, rising levels of global commerce increased prosperity in the Ming and Mughal empires but also led to:
answer

a decline in central control.
question

The group that took advantage of the collapse of the Ming dynasty in the seventeenth century to establish the Qing dynasty came from:
answer

Manchuria
question

The \”Canton system\”:
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only allowed European merchants to trade in the Chinese port of Canton.
question

The enclosure of common lands in the English countryside during the seventeenth century resulted in:
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the commercialization of agriculture.
question

Which country emerged as the world’s strongest colonial power after the Seven Years’ War?
answer

Great Britain
question

Under the French model of absolutism, to whom was the king accountable?
answer

God

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