Unit 16 Test Questions

question

Which type of psychotherapy places the greatest emphasis on early childhood and internal emotions and drives?
answer

psychodynamic therapy
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According to humanistic therapists, psychological disorders are primarily caused by ___________________.
answer

limits and expectations imposed by others
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Which behavior therapy technique is correctly matched to its description? -Aversion therapy — the client is confronted with the object of his or her phobia -Flooding – computer-generated, lifelike images are used in a desensitization program -Systematic desensitization — gradual exposure to an anxiety-provoking stimulus is paired with relaxation -Exposure therapy — an unpleasant stimulus is paired with an undesirable behavior of the client
answer

systematic desensitization…
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Which approach to therapy emphasizes the challenging of irrational, unrealistic beliefs?
answer

rational-emotive behavior therapy
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Which of the following is not true of cognitive behavioral therapy? -It is derived from aspects of behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy. -It may focus more on behavior or cognition depending on the problem being treated -It focuses on the influence that thoughts have on feelings. -It is used to treat only phobias and anxiety disorders
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it is used to treat only phobias and anxiety disorders
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What is the focus of cognitive behavioral therapy?
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it targets maladaptive behaviors and thoughts
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Which type of psychoactive drug is correctly matched with the disorder it is intended to treat? -Valium – depression -Risperdal – ADHD -Adderall – anxiety disorders -Lithium – bipolar disorder
answer

Lithium
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Which type of psychoactive drug is correctly described? -Adderall – effective at reducing hyperactivity and inattention -Clozaril – facilitates the action of the neurotransmitter GABA -Depakote – among the most frequently prescribed antidepressants -Zoloft – helps reduce the mood swings in bipolar disorder
answer

adderall
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Which of the following is not among the neurotransmitters that your text states are influenced by the various antidepressant drugs? -Endorphins -Dopamine -Norepinephrine -Serotonin
answer

endorphins
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Which alternative correctly pairs a category of psychoactive drugs with a neurotransmitter that it influences? -Tranquilizers – GABA -Antipsychotics – dopamine -Antidepressants – serotonin -All of these are correctly paired
answer

all of them
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Which of the following interventions might be used to treat a mood disorder? -Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) -Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) -An SSRI – Any of the these might be used
answer

any
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Which of the following is a definition of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
answer

a medical procedure in which brief seizures are created in the brain
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Recently, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) has been used to treat __________ in addition to depression.
answer

schizophrenia
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As compared to individual therapy, group therapy is ___________________. -more likely to provide social support to clients -less expensive to provide -at least as effective -All of the these.
answer

all!
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Group therapy is especially effective for individuals with ______________.
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chronic, serious illness (to develop coping skills)
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Traditional therapy aims to __________ disorders; community mental health aims to __________ disorders.
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treat; prevent
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Which of the following correctly defines secondary prevention? -prevention targeted at everyone in a given community -prevention targeted at people who are being treated for a disorder -prevention targeted at people who have been diagnosed with a disorder -prevention targeted at people displaying the risk factors for a disorder
answer

prevention targeted at people displaying the risk factors for a disorder
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Which alternative correctly pairs a type of variable used in outcome research with an example of that variable? -Independent variable: how much improvement occurs -Dependent variable: whether clients receive behavioral therapy or no therapy for phobic disorder -Control variable: client gender -None of these are correctly paired
answer

control variable: client gender
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Which threat to the validity of outcome research is correctly matched with its definition? -Placebo effects: people improve simply because they expect to get better -Nonspecific treatment effects: people improve over time simply by attending therapy -Natural improvement: people might get better over time, even without treatment -All of these are correctly matched.
answer

all!
question

With respect to the effectiveness of psychological therapy, which of the following alternatives is most accurate? -Psychological therapy seems to be effective. Much of the benefit is determined by the theoretical orientation of the therapist. -Psychological therapy seems to be effective. Much of the benefit of therapy, though, seems to reflect nonspecific treatment effects. -Psychological therapy seems to be effective. Much of the benefit of therapy, though, seems to reflect the effect of natural improvement.
answer

Psychological therapy seems to be effective. Much of the benefit of therapy, though, seems to reflect nonspecific treatment effects.
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All of the following are empirically supported therapies found to be effective EXCEPT: -Psychodynamic therapy for generalized anxiety disorder -Exposure therapy for anxiety -Behavior modification for bed-wetting -Cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression
answer

exposure therapy for anxiety?????
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Which of the following is true with respect to the potential benefits of drug therapy? -Most of the improvements seen in drug therapy reflect placebo effects. -Drug therapies are very effective for virtually all disorders. -Psychological medication seems to work over the short term. -Psychological medication yields long-term improvements.
answer

Psychological medication seems to work over the short term.
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Which term best describes the changes produced by community mental health programs? -Unpredictable -Dramatic -Minimal -Modest
answer

minimal????

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