Types of Strike Essay Example
Types of Strike Essay Example

Types of Strike Essay Example

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  • Pages: 4 (1030 words)
  • Published: October 13, 2017
  • Type: Research Paper
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Strikes and lockouts constitutional or official strikes unofficial strikes general strikes lockouts rotating or revolving strikes sit-ins tool-down or pen-down strike The data supplied to the ILO do not include statistics on sympathetic or political strikes or on gheraos (harassment of employers, etc. by workers preventing them from leaving the premises until their claims are granted) which result in work stoppages. The statistics for these types of action are collected and published separately.

Working to rule and overtime bans are excluded. Minimum threshold At least 10 workers involved. Economic activities Industries performing services relating to sovereign functions are excluded, as there is no responsibility for reporting. Workers Workers directly involved and workers indirectly involved.

In addition to regular paid employees, including part-time workers, the statistics cover temporary, casua


l and seasonal workers, and unpaid family workers.Workers laid off, or absent on sick leave, annual leave or absent for other reasons are not included. No particular occupational groups are excluded. Geographic areas Not available. Types of data collected number of strikes and lockouts number of workers involved duration time not worked matter in dispute outcome of strike or lockout method of settlement wages lost production loss affiliation of union of workers to central organisation of workers sector (private or public) Concepts and definitionsStrike A cessation of work by a body of persons employed in any industry acting in combination, or a concerted refusal, or a refusal under a common understanding, of any number of persons who are or have been so employed to continue to work or to accept employment. Lockout The temporary closing of a place of employment or the suspension of work or the refusal by an employe

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to continue to employ any number of persons employed by him.

These definitions come from the Industrial Dispute Act 1947.Methods of measurement Strikes and lockouts The basic unit of measurement used to record a strike or lockout is the case of dispute. A strike or lockout that is interrupted and later resumes, still due to the same case of dispute, is treated as a new strike or lockout when it resumes. If work stoppages due to the same case of dispute occur simultaneously in different establishments of the same enterprise they are considered to be one strike or lockout.Similarly, if stoppages, due to the same case of dispute, occur simultaneously in establishments of different enterprises, they are treated as one strike or lockout; parameters such as industry, sector of ownership, result, method of settlement and affiliation to the central workers' or employers' organization are also kept in mind when deciding whether the stoppage is a single strike or lockout.

Stoppages due to the same case of dispute occurring at different times are treated as different strikes or lockouts. Workers involvedThe number of workers involved is the highest number of workers involved at any one time during the strike or lockout. Part-time workers are counted as individuals on the same basis as full-time workers. Duration The duration is measured in workdays from the date the strike or lockout began in the first economic unit involved to the date it terminated, uninterrupted, in the last one. Time not worked The amount of time not worked is measured in workdays by ascertaining the total amount of time not worked on each day of the strike or lockout, and

summing these totals.

The shorter working hours of part-time workers are taken into account as follows: the time normally worked by them is divided by the length of a full shift, then multiplied by the number of part-time workers involved to reach an estimate of the number of days not worked by them, for each day. Overtime is not taken into account. Classifications Cause of dispute wages and allowances bonuses personnel (promotion, transfers, dismissals, etc. ) retrenchment layoff indiscipline violence leave and hours of work inter- or intra-union rivalry gherao ther reasons related to labour dispute Outcome of dispute successful partially successful unsuccessful indefinite (i.

e. work resumed pending negotiation, or matter in dispute referred to an industrial tribunal) Method of settlement work resumed unconditionally, workers involved having returned to work work resumed by replacement of workers involved terminated through direct negotiations between the two parties including the medium of works or joint committees terminated through the medium of a third party, for example industrial tribunal, industrial court, labour court, etc. by mediation, by conciliation or by arbitration Branch of economic activity The statistics are classified according to the revised National Industrial Classification (NIC), 1987. In the case of a general strike, the strike itself is accounted for in the industry with the highest number of days not worked, but the other information such as the number of workers involved, days not worked, etc. are included in the respective industries involved. Number of workers involved less than 50 50 to 99 100 to 499 500 to 999 1,000 or more ot known Duration (in workdays) 1 or less more than 1, up to 5 more than

5, up to 10 more than 10, up to 20 more than 20, up to 30 more than 30 not known Time not worked Information about strikes and lockouts with more than 50,000 days not worked are presented separately.

Reference period and periodicity The statistics are compiled and published for reference periods of a month, six months and a year. They relate to strikes and lockouts beginning during the particular reference period plus those continuing from the previous period.Analytical measures Severity rate for manufacturing, used for analysing industrial relations: number of days not worked per one hundred thousand days scheduled to work Historical background of the series Not available. Documentation Series available Not available. Bibliographic references Labour Bureau: Indian Labour Journal (monthly); Idem: Indian Labour Statistics (annual); Idem: Indian Labour Year Book (annual); Idem: Hand Book of Labour Statistics (annual); Idem: Annual Review of Industrial Disputes in India (annual).

Data published by the ILO The number of strikes and lockouts, the number of workers involved and the number of days not worked, by economic activity. Confidentiality Not available. International standards Not available. Methods of data collection There is no legal obligation to report the occurrence of a strike or lockout. Information is collected on a voluntary basis from the economic units involved, on a standard form or from police records.

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