The Kite Runnerpsychology Essay

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The crucible was a play written by Author Miller; he is a successful contemporary dramatist whose work often reveals his compassion for vulnerable people who are victimised by society. For me, this play exemplifies that people’s confidential desires have considerable consequences that in the near future can advance to become exceedingly huge for the person to control. A prime example would be Abigail’s lust and yearning for John Proctor; a man whose names echoes with pride and fear throughout Salem, though, as an audience we do not witness his first encounter with Abigail, we are told that he had a secret affair with her, and it is this mistake that forms “an everlasting funeral” around Elizabeth’s heart.

In return, this triggers the inferior tension concerning Elizabeth and John. There are also themes of compassion, betrayal, power and integrity highlighted during act two. These several themes are achieved through Author Millers use of literary techniques such as the use of contrasts and parallels, the insertion of the characters dialogue (short questions and answers), the inclusion of stage direction and the roles of the puritans during that period of time.Act two commences with a description of the nature and the setting. There is a reference of the “fields outside” which then progresses to contrast it with “the low, dark, and rather long living room” situated inside John and Elizabeth’s house.

John himself is so displeased with the decorations that during the later parts of the play, suggests to Elizabeth she “bring flowers in the house” and goes on ” I never see such a load of flowers on the Earth”. Here, John is making the effort to enhance the interior features of their house. From what the audience can distinguish; the indoors of the residence embraces a vivid dull atmosphere over flowing with envy and stress. Whereas the outside represents a place free from anxiety that is bursting with promise and happiness. This fabricates tension as the surroundings establish the attitude of the characters; moreover, the lifeless atmosphere is what will influence the flat and unexciting conversation that is yet to take place in the scene. The only theme thrust in here is the one of integrity (John opening his actual feelings on the houses internal furniture).

Short closed questions are implanted to limit the characters answer and restrict one another from having a civilised conversation. One example would be when John questions Elizabeth about her well being, “i think your sad again. Are you?” only for her to reply with another question “You come so late I thought you’d gone to Salem this afternoon”. It is transparent that John is presenting a sign of affection towards Elizabeth, which signifies to the audience that he is still passionate about her and has maintained his care for her through the unstable moments of their relationship.

However, Elizabeth is reluctant to answer his question properly and strangely counters him with one of her own. The sub text or her unrelated answer only clarified the fact Elizabeth remains suspicious of John and is unsatisfied with any verbal comment John directs at her in an attempt to make her happy. Additionally, tension is sparked at this stage as John feels saddened by the irrelevant presented by Elizabeth. In my opinion, I would say that this relates to the themes of love and betrayal. John clearly wants Elizabeth to unlock her heart to him, yet she turns her back on every opportunity he presents and would rather remain “cold” and unforgiving; consequently as more tension is generated, it only results in an argument developing towards the end of the scene and John unleashing a fearsome streak of anger in order to uphold his integrity.

The addition of stage directions is used to highlight minor signs of power John poses over Elizabeth but also to reveal the compassion left in him to try and please her, “he gets up, goes to her, kisses her. She receives it. With a certain disappointment, her returns to the table”. From this particular quote, I can verify that the lovers are in a strained relationship and one of them (John) is attempting to amends for his mistakes, whereas his partner remains unsatisfied and ignores his actions completely.

To the observation of the audience they become aware of the impact the affair of Abigail has had on the lovers’ relationship and how it is still looming in the depths their minds every time they approach each other to express their regards. This produces tension because John feels as though his care for Elizabeth is being shunned. He intends to please her, but id incapable of doing so, she takes the kiss but does not cherish or even return one. The audience are able to witness that it is John who is determined to restore their love. Elizabeth acts in a way which identifies that she has a lack of love for John and is unwilling to refund any effort produced by him.

There is an obvious lack of chemistry between the two and it is this which formulates tension, as the lovers barely understand each other, they are helpless to satisfy one another no matter how much will power is exerted.Around the time of 1692, the roles of the puritans usually relied on the male parent to be the driving force of the family, the fathers objective would be to work vigorously and represent a protective figure in the family . A perfect example of this would be when John returns from a full days work of “seeding the soil” and “enters carrying a gun”. Yet, the women is expected to be a typical housewife with no right to authority “(she brings the plate to the table, and, indicating the food) it is a rabbit”. Here, it is evidently demonstrated that her prime responsibility is to nourish her husband.

On the whole this is quote also gives us a hint that John is the parent in charge (this is related to the theme of power) and Elizabeth must follow his “orders”. From the audiences perception, they can strongly witness that it is John controlling and directing the family. Elizabeth has no say in his actions, the most she can do is suggest ideas and even that can sometimes overstep her boundaries. This creates tension as the lovers are not equal of power.

Elizabeth is restricted from speaking her views on current events because if she were to disagree with John, he has the ability to “roar her down”. She is always pressured into “smiling” during the most awkward situations even though deep down she might want to express herself differently.To conclude the matter, I would say that Miller attains the tension he wants by making certain there is a constant presence of Abigail Williams looming in both John’s and Elizabeth’s mind whilst they are attempting to have a civilised conversation about a natural subject; through her, friction was generated and paved the way for the disagreements yet to happen in act two. For me, Abigail is the reason for the terrible anxiety and gruelling strain both lovers are put through. It is understandable to say she is the cause of mayhem in the play, not only in John’s and Elizabeth’s relationship but in addition she initiates the witchcraft hysteria too; however, that aside, I feel as though without her presence in the play, it would not be the same.

Evidently speaking, Miller produces every story line around Abigail, she is the key to the tension concerning John and Elizabeth, but more importantly she is also the key to The Crucible’s success in becoming such as extremely captivating play.

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