The Best GA Constitution Study Guide Ever

State and local governments employ more people today than the federal government
True

The United States can best be described as a ________ system.
Federalist

The ____ permits the government to do what’s “necessary and proper” because of its flexible grant of authority
Elastic Clause

The ____ identifies the U.S Constitution is the ultimate authority over the states
Supremacy clause

The constitution, law, and policies of the states cannot contradict the U.S Constitution
True

The amendment grants the states ___ powers
Reserved

_____ incorporated the meaning of the 14th amendment to protections offered in bill of rights and does so on a case-by-case basis.
Selective incorporation

Major reasons state constitutions are so long
Numerous amendments,provisions about local governments and lack of implied powers

Ga has had how many constitutions?
10

The current Georgia constitution was implemented in ________.
1983

The longest constitution in words
Alabama

Ga constitution is among the 2nd _____
Youngest

In order to amend the constitution a ____ vote is required by legislature
2/3

General assembly can also propose amendments if approved by a ____ vote in each legislative
2/3

Ga allows amendments to the constitution by initiative process
False

Georgia voters can amend the constitution by a _____ vote
Majority

____ identify revenue sources that must be spent for designated purposes
Earmarks

Ga state lottery requires that net proceeds go to”educational programs & purposes”
True

Whipping is prohibited as a form of punishment for debt
True

Alcohol sales are permitted at bars with nude dancing
False

___ is the ability of citizens to sue state or local government
Sovereign immunity

The Ga constitution does not have a bill of rights
False

In Ga’s constitution Article ____ is the Bill of Rights
One

Both the president of the United States and Ga governor have the ability to appoint officials and veto bills
True

Ga General assembly is bicameral like US Congress
True

Ga and federal government allow Judicial review
True

US Constitution is longer than the Ga constitution
False

Ga voters must apporve all amendments to the constitution
True

Ga constitution requires state and local gov. to have a balanced budget
True

Ga constitution gives the governor line item veto authority
True

Line item veto
ability to kill specific part of bill without killing the whole spending bill

Ga elects almost all its judges on a non partisan ballot
True

The chief legal advisor for GA
Attorney General

All georgia legislatures (house and senate) serve 2 year terms
True

Georgia has a cabinet system like the executive branch of the federal government.
False

Voters must elect 6 department heads
True

The Georgia Constitution limits the number of counties at _________.
159

Georgia’s first constitution became effective in ___________.
1777

The first constitution disestablished the Anglican church
True

Slaves were counted as ___ a person
3/5

The main author of the confederate constitution was also the author of the Ga const. under the confederacy
True

Northern troops remained in Ga until ____ after civil war
1876

County unit system declared unconstitutional in 1963 when supreme court held they under represented urban areas
True

Ga const requires ______ vote for ratification
majority

Ga bans same sex marriage
True

The presiding officer of the House
Speaker

The presider officer of the Senate
Lt. governor of the state

How many member are in the General assembly?
236

General assembly members are up for election every ___ years
2

Are there term limits for legislators?
No

How many days does the Ga general assembly meet a year?
40

Who may call the general assembly into special session?
Governor

Local gov can’t pass ordinances that contradict the general law
True

Only members of the ____ may introduce legislation
General assembly

Bills may be introduced into either chamber or both chambers at the same time
True

The Georgia Constitution requires that legislation dealing with the public revenues be first introduced in the ____.
House

Title of a bill doesn’t have to directly relate to its content
False

A bill is restricted to one purpose
True

Bills are passed by simple majority
True

Governor is limited to two 4 year terms
True

Do other statewide officials have term limits?
No

Who is the school superintended chosen by?
Voters

Can the governor can fill vacancies without senate confirmation?
Yes

What happens to a bill if the governor does nothing to it?
Becomes a law

The Georgia Governor may exercise power over college-level education in the state by serving on the Board of Regents.
False

_____ regulates telephone service, gas, electricity and transportation
Public service commission

Trial courts conduct preliminary hearings to determine if “____” exists in criminal cases
Probable cause

Trial courts deals with laws and misdemeanors
True

Appellate courts make decisions by a group of judges with no witnesses or juries
True

_____ suspends/removes or disciplines judges who’ve been indicted/convicted of a crime
Judicial qualifications committee

______ is a formal charge accusing someone of crime
Indictment

In decisions to issue an indictment there must be _____
Probable cause

In order to convict someone of a crime there must be _____
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt

_____ is where local governments granted broad powers to write & amend its charter to take any action not prohibited by the state
Home rule

Local counties can levy a 1% tax in addition to the state tax
True

____ may impeach any executive/judicial officer and members of the general assembly
House

____ required citizens to pay annual levy, making it harder for poor to vote
Poll tax

White _____ restricted voting in party primaries to whites only
Primary

Georgia never had literacy tests in place
False

King vs Chapman
Found that the white primary violated the 14th amendment

Heart of Atlanta motel vs US
Took a broad view of commerce clause and upheld the civil right act and said they couldn’t discriminate at public accommodations

Gray vs Sanders
Held the county unit system unconsitutional

Miller vs Johnson
said redrawing district boundaries based on race unconstitutional

Georgia vs Ashcroft
redrawing districts must include minorities

___ is the taking of private property for public use
Eminent domain

Furhman vs Georgia
Found death penalty unconstitutional

Gregg vs Georgia
Allowed death penalty once again after rewritten

Coker vs Georgia
Found death penalty for rape crime unconstiutional

Ga recognizes the right to privacy
True

A 2/3’s vote of both houses of the General Assembly is required to override the Governor’s veto of legislation.
True

The first Georgia constitution established a state supreme court.
False

_____ Court has exclusive appellate jurisdiction over cases where a death sentence may be given
Supreme

The number of representatives in the House and the number of senators
Provides for more members of the House than of the Senate

The ___ House and ____ the senate are elected every 2 years.
entire 1/3

____ 236 members of the general assembly are up for election very 2 years
All

With the possible exception of juveniles, the trial court of the State of GA for felony cases is
Superior Court

In appellate cases involving constitutionality of law, the Supreme Court has
exclusive jurisdiction

Judicial vacancies are filled by
Governor

In regard to state debt,the State may not issue bonds to build highways
False