The Best GA Constitution Study Guide Ever
State and local governments employ more people today than the federal government
The United States can best be described as a ________ system.
The ____ permits the government to do what’s “necessary and proper” because of its flexible grant of authority
The ____ identifies the U.S Constitution is the ultimate authority over the states
The constitution, law, and policies of the states cannot contradict the U.S Constitution
The amendment grants the states ___ powers
_____ incorporated the meaning of the 14th amendment to protections offered in bill of rights and does so on a case-by-case basis.
Major reasons state constitutions are so long
Numerous amendments,provisions about local governments and lack of implied powers
Ga has had how many constitutions?
The current Georgia constitution was implemented in ________.
The longest constitution in words
Ga constitution is among the 2nd _____
In order to amend the constitution a ____ vote is required by legislature
General assembly can also propose amendments if approved by a ____ vote in each legislative
Ga allows amendments to the constitution by initiative process
Georgia voters can amend the constitution by a _____ vote
____ identify revenue sources that must be spent for designated purposes
Ga state lottery requires that net proceeds go to”educational programs & purposes”
Whipping is prohibited as a form of punishment for debt
Alcohol sales are permitted at bars with nude dancing
___ is the ability of citizens to sue state or local government
The Ga constitution does not have a bill of rights
In Ga’s constitution Article ____ is the Bill of Rights
Both the president of the United States and Ga governor have the ability to appoint officials and veto bills
Ga General assembly is bicameral like US Congress
Ga and federal government allow Judicial review
US Constitution is longer than the Ga constitution
Ga voters must apporve all amendments to the constitution
Ga constitution requires state and local gov. to have a balanced budget
Ga constitution gives the governor line item veto authority
Line item veto
ability to kill specific part of bill without killing the whole spending bill
Ga elects almost all its judges on a non partisan ballot
The chief legal advisor for GA
All georgia legislatures (house and senate) serve 2 year terms
Georgia has a cabinet system like the executive branch of the federal government.
Voters must elect 6 department heads
The Georgia Constitution limits the number of counties at _________.
Georgia’s first constitution became effective in ___________.
The first constitution disestablished the Anglican church
Slaves were counted as ___ a person
The main author of the confederate constitution was also the author of the Ga const. under the confederacy
Northern troops remained in Ga until ____ after civil war
County unit system declared unconstitutional in 1963 when supreme court held they under represented urban areas
Ga const requires ______ vote for ratification
Ga bans same sex marriage
The presiding officer of the House
The presider officer of the Senate
Lt. governor of the state
How many member are in the General assembly?
General assembly members are up for election every ___ years
Are there term limits for legislators?
How many days does the Ga general assembly meet a year?
Who may call the general assembly into special session?
Local gov can’t pass ordinances that contradict the general law
Only members of the ____ may introduce legislation
Bills may be introduced into either chamber or both chambers at the same time
The Georgia Constitution requires that legislation dealing with the public revenues be first introduced in the ____.
Title of a bill doesn’t have to directly relate to its content
A bill is restricted to one purpose
Bills are passed by simple majority
Governor is limited to two 4 year terms
Do other statewide officials have term limits?
Who is the school superintended chosen by?
Can the governor can fill vacancies without senate confirmation?
What happens to a bill if the governor does nothing to it?
Becomes a law
The Georgia Governor may exercise power over college-level education in the state by serving on the Board of Regents.
_____ regulates telephone service, gas, electricity and transportation
Public service commission
Trial courts conduct preliminary hearings to determine if “____” exists in criminal cases
Trial courts deals with laws and misdemeanors
Appellate courts make decisions by a group of judges with no witnesses or juries
_____ suspends/removes or disciplines judges who’ve been indicted/convicted of a crime
Judicial qualifications committee
______ is a formal charge accusing someone of crime
In decisions to issue an indictment there must be _____
In order to convict someone of a crime there must be _____
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt
_____ is where local governments granted broad powers to write & amend its charter to take any action not prohibited by the state
Local counties can levy a 1% tax in addition to the state tax
____ may impeach any executive/judicial officer and members of the general assembly
____ required citizens to pay annual levy, making it harder for poor to vote
White _____ restricted voting in party primaries to whites only
Georgia never had literacy tests in place
King vs Chapman
Found that the white primary violated the 14th amendment
Heart of Atlanta motel vs US
Took a broad view of commerce clause and upheld the civil right act and said they couldn’t discriminate at public accommodations
Gray vs Sanders
Held the county unit system unconsitutional
Miller vs Johnson
said redrawing district boundaries based on race unconstitutional
Georgia vs Ashcroft
redrawing districts must include minorities
___ is the taking of private property for public use
Furhman vs Georgia
Found death penalty unconstitutional
Gregg vs Georgia
Allowed death penalty once again after rewritten
Coker vs Georgia
Found death penalty for rape crime unconstiutional
Ga recognizes the right to privacy
A 2/3’s vote of both houses of the General Assembly is required to override the Governor’s veto of legislation.
The first Georgia constitution established a state supreme court.
_____ Court has exclusive appellate jurisdiction over cases where a death sentence may be given
The number of representatives in the House and the number of senators
Provides for more members of the House than of the Senate
The ___ House and ____ the senate are elected every 2 years.
____ 236 members of the general assembly are up for election very 2 years
With the possible exception of juveniles, the trial court of the State of GA for felony cases is
In appellate cases involving constitutionality of law, the Supreme Court has
Judicial vacancies are filled by
In regard to state debt,the State may not issue bonds to build highways