Thomas Jefferson Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Thomas Jefferson?
Thomas Jefferson was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a drafter of the Declaration of Independence, as well as a statesman, lawyer, and philosopher. He served as the third President of the United States from 1801 to 1809 and is remembered for his strong commitment to democracy and individual liberty.Jefferson was born in Virginia on April 13, 1743. He attended the College of William & Mary before studying law at a local school in Williamsburg. After passing the bar exam, he became a successful lawyer in Virginia’s colonial court system. In 1775 he was elected to serve in Virginia’s House of Burgesses and shortly thereafter appointed as a delegate to continental congress by Speaker Peyton Randolph. At Congress, Jefferson wrote The Declaration of Independence which declared that all men are created equal and provided justification for America’s break from Great Britain’s rule. After serving two terms as vice president under John Adams, Jefferson became America’s third president from 1801-1809 where he pushed forward many progressive reforms such as creating an educational system based on merit rather than wealth or family connections. As president, Jefferson also launched several foreign policy initiatives such as negotiating with France to purchase Louisiana Territory (which more than doubled U.S territory) and sending Lewis & Clark on an expedition across North America in search of new trade routes with Native American tribes living westward (the expedition opened up much more land for settlement). Jefferson also greatly reduced federal taxes while continuing to pay down national debt incurred during previous wars with European nations; this decision allowed Americans more financial flexibility while still honoring commitments abroad. Throughout his life Thomas Jefferson made numerous contributions to American society through both his political career and other pursuits such as science, literature, architecture (he designed Monticello), agriculture (he introduced several new varieties of crops into America) ,and education reform (his efforts helped establish one public university – University Of Virginia). His legacy has helped shape our modern world by fostering strong ideals about democracy that still influence us today – he is remembered for being the championof human rights.