South Africa Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is South Africa?
South Africa is a beautiful country located on the southern tip of the African continent. It has a rich history, diverse cultures, vibrant cities, and stunning landscapes. South Africa is known for its many natural attractions such as Table Mountain, Kruger National Park and its vast coastline with pristine beaches. It is also home to a variety of wildlife species making it one of the most popular touristic destinations in the world.The history of South Africa dates back thousands of years with evidence that hunter-gatherers lived there as early as 120 000 BC. The Dutch were the first Europeans to colonize South Africa in 1652 followed by British settlers who arrived in 1820. In 1910, white settlers declared an independent state called ˜The Union of South Africa’ which later became known simply as ˜South Africa’ after its independence from Britain in 1961. Since then, South Africans have worked hard to build a diverse and vibrant nation based on democratic principles and social justice for all people regardless of race or ethnicity. This has included landmark policies such as the abolition of apartheid in 1994 which brought about greater political freedoms for everyone living in South Africa. Today, South Africans continue to strive towards building an equitable society that respects all citizens equally while ensuring economic growth and development for all communities across the country. The economy is mainly driven by services like banking and finance but it also has large industries such as mining (especially gold), manufacturing (especially cars) and tourism (which generates over 10% GDP). Overall, this makes South Africa an incredibly unique destination full of immense beauty both culturally and geographically – a place where visitors can experience stunning landscapes, magnificent wildlife and meet friendly locals.