Anthro 2 Practice Exam

question

What term refers to a gift made by the husband and his kin to the bride and her kin?
answer

lobola
question

The anthropological term for a socially recognized mother is
answer

mater
question

What is the name of the custom in which a widow marries the brother of her deceased husband?
answer

levirate marriage
question

What term is used to refer to a nonhuman apical ancestor of a clan?
answer

totem
question

In general, what happens as the value of lobola increases?
answer

marriage becomes more stable
question

What are the two basic social units typically found in foraging societies?
answer

nuclear family and brand
question

What is the name of the family in which a child is raised?
answer

family of orientation
question

Which of the following statements about divorce is not true?
answer

divorce is unique to industrialized nation-studies
question

What term refers to sexual relations with someone considered to be a close relative?
answer

incest
question

The gift that a wife’s group gives to her husband’s family is known as
answer

dowry
question

More than half of American households with incomes below the poverty line
answer

are headed by woman
question

Which of the following statements about the patrilineal-patrilocal complex is true?
answer

men control the distribution of goods outside the domestic sphere
question

Biological differences between males and females, other than contrasts in breasts and genitals, is known as …
answer

sexual dimorphism
question

Which of the following explanations of circumstances that shaped acceptance or rejection of the idea of women working outside the home is not true?
answer

D.The rapid business expansion that came after World War II increased the demand for workers that was satisfied by soldiers returning home after the war, resulting in women being sent back to work in the home.
question

Cross-cultural studies indicate that …
answer

In most societies, women tend to be the primary child caregivers
question

The fact that chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates engage in masturbation and same-sex sexual activity suggests that
answer

flexibility in sexual expression is part of humans’ primate heritage.
question

Which of the following statements is not consistent with the discussion of the cultural shaping of sexual potential and orientation presented in the text?
answer

B.Because heterosexual coitus is practiced in all human societies, our biological primate heritage is clearly more important than culture in shaping sexual orientation.
question

Which of the following is not culturally constructed?
answer

Sex
question

What is the domestic-public dichotomy?
answer

Strong differentiation between the home and the outside world
question

In general, the status of women …
answer

is higher in matrilineal societies than it is in patrilineal societies.
question

What term does Barth use to refer to a society that combines ethnic contrasts, ecological specialization, and economic interdependence of groups?
answer

Plural society
question

What term refers to an organism’s evident traits, its \”manifest biology\”?
answer

phenotype
question

What is the fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States?
answer

hispanics
question

In what sense are nationalities \”imagined communities\”?
answer

Despite their shared feeling of comradeship, most members of a nationality will never meet; they only imagine that they participate in the group.
question

Which of the following statements about ethnicity is not true?
answer

Unlike race, ethnicity derives from biological differences among human groups.
question

In Japan, burakumin
answer

suffer from discrimination as members of a stigmatized minority group.
question

What term refers to the destruction of an ethnic group’s culture?
answer

Ethnocide
question

What term refers to the view that cultural diversity in a country is something good and desirable?
answer

Multiculturalism
question

What is the term for policies and practices that harm a group and its members?
answer

Discrimination
question

Why is it important to understand that human racial categories are based upon perceptions of phenotypic features and not on genotypes?
answer

Because race is socially constructed, not biologically determined
question

Which of the following statements about the incest taboo is true?
answer

The incest taboo does not eliminate incest.
question

What is polygyny?
answer

A situation in which a man has more than one wife at the same time
question

What term refers to a unilineal descent group whose members claim, but cannot demonstrate, common descent from an apical ancestor?
answer

clan
question

What is the name of the postmarital residence pattern in which a married couple is expected to live in the husband’s community?
answer

Patriolocality
question

Rules of endogamy
answer

Tend to maintain social distinctions between groups
question

Which of the following statements about gender differences among tropical and semitropical foragers is true?
answer

Women’s work usually contributes more to the diet than does men’s work; consequently, there is less gender stratification.
question

Which type of a situation is most likely to result in a matrilineal-matrilocal society?
answer

warfare is infrequent
question

Which of the following statements concerning gender stratification is true?
answer

Gender stratification is generally reduced when the domestic and public spheres are not sharply separated.
question

What have recent cross-cultural studies of gender roles demonstrated?
answer

The relative status of women is variable, depending on factors such as subsistence strategy, the importance of warfare, and the prevalence of a domestic-public dichotomy.
question

In most patrilineal-patrilocal horticultural societies…
answer

women are the primary producers of subsistence crops.
question

The worldwide increase in female-headed households stems from all of the following except …
answer

Decreasing divorce rates
question

Which of the following statements about the domestic-public dichotomy is true?
answer

It tends to be more pronounced among food producers than among foragers.
question

A policy of ethnic expulsion or ethnic persecution may create
answer

refugee populations
question

The anti-Basque campaign waged during the Franco dictatorship in Spain is an example of
answer

forced assimilation
question

Some populations like the Polynesians, the San, or the people of northern India have phenotypes that do not fit neatly into \”standard\” racial categories. This suggests that
answer

phenotypical variation between human populations involves gradual shifts across different geographic zones, rather than sharp breaks indicative of discrete races.
question

What term refers to the devaluing of a group because of its assumed behavior, values, abilities, or attributes?
answer

prejudice
question

What is the term for identification with, and feeling part of, a cultural group, and exclusion from other cultural groups?
answer

ethnicity
question

When a dominant group compels a minority group to adopt the dominant culture, this is known as
answer

Forced assimilation
question

What is the most stable social group among band societies with a seasonal pattern of population dispersal?
answer

the nuclear family
question

In matrilineal societies
answer

descent groups include only the children of the group’s women.
question

Which of the following statements about polyandry is true?
answer

It is a cultural adaptation to mobility associated with male travel for trade, commerce, and warfare.
question

In general, societies with the patrilineal-patrilocal complex are characterized by all of the following except …
answer

inheritance of land and prestige through female lines.
question

Which of the following statements about Etoro conceptions of heterosexual intercourse is not true?
answer

It was permitted to take place only in a couple’s residence.
question

Today, rather than attempting to classify humans into racial categories, biologists and anthropologists are
answer

seeking to explain why specific biological variations occur.
question

People may occupy many different social statuses during their lives, or even during the course of a day. What term refers to a person’s ability to emphasize different identities in different social contexts?
answer

Situational negotiation of identity
question

What is the term for ethnic groups that once had, or wish to have or regain, autonomous political status?
answer

Nationalities
question

What term refers to the practice of marrying a person outside of the group to which one belongs?
answer

exogamy
question

In what way is exogamy adaptive?
answer

It increases that number of individuals that one can rely on in times of need
question

The zadruga is a type of extended-family household found in what part of the world?
answer

Western Bosnia
question

The incest taboo is a cultural universal, but
answer

Not all cultures define incest the same way
question

The dominance of Russian culture, language, and people in the former Soviet empire is an example of
answer

Cultural colonialism
question

A political system ruled by men in which women have inferior status is known as a(an) …
answer

patriarchy
question

What rule automatically places the children of a union between members of different groups in the minority group?
answer

hypodescent
question

Segregation in the southern United States and apartheid in South Africa are examples of
answer

de jure discrimination
question

Instead of asking about race, what does the Canadian census form ask about?
answer

visible minorities

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member