International Organization For Standardization Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is International Organization For Standardization?
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. Founded in 1947, ISO is responsible for the development and publication of international standards that address various technical and commercial topics across a broad range of industries. ISO’s main goal is to facilitate the global exchange of goods and services, as well as promote collaboration among different countries.ISO’s activities are based on consensus among its member bodies, which include more than 160 member countries. The organization uses a variety of mechanisms to develop and publish its standards, such as committees, working groups, technical committees, consultations with experts from industry or other domains and public commenting periods. Standards developed by ISO have become the cornerstone for many industries around the world; they are adopted both voluntarily by companies who choose to comply with them and sometimes by regulation. Furthermore, ISO has also developed a wide array of non-standards related documents such as guidelines and recommendations that support industry practices or provide guidance on specific topics. ISO has had an important role in facilitating trade between countries since its inception; this is because most countries accept standards developed by ISO as part of their national laws or regulations governing trade between them. For example, many countries have adopted certain product safety standards created by ISO which impact how manufacturers must produce products prior to export and importation into other nations. By providing harmonized international standards that all parties can agree upon before engaging in commerce with one another, it helps reduce friction among trading partners while still protecting consumer safety at home and abroad. In addition to trade facilitation through standards development workwhich includes everything from specifications for products like food packaging materials to performance requirements like energy efficiency ratingsISO also works actively engage with governments around the world to build capacity around standardization practices within their respective nations. They offer training courses on topics such as quality management systems (QMS), environmental management systems (EMS) , risk management systems (RMS) , etc., so that governments can better understand these systems in order to create regulations that will best protect consumers without stifling innovation or entrepreneurship in their respective economies. Overall, ISO provides an invaluable service for businesses around the world; through their work developing internationally accepted quality assurance protocols they help ensure market access for exporters while simultaneously maintaining high levels of consumer protection worldwide all without any government intervention needed.