Indo European Languages Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Indo European Languages?
The Indo-European language family is one of the most widely spoken language families in the world, with more than three billion speakers. It includes many of the world’s major languages, including English, Spanish, French, German, Russian, Hindi and Persian. The Indo-European family is divided into several subfamilies including Romance languages (such as Spanish and Portuguese), Slavic languages (such as Polish and Russian) and Germanic languages (such as English and German). The Proto-Indo-European language is believed to have been spoken around 4500 BC in what is now called Anatolia in modern Turkey. This original language was likely spoken by a number of different tribes who settled throughout Europe over time. These tribes eventually developed their own distinct dialects and languages due to geographical separation. The Proto-Indo-European language had some basic features that are still present in modern Indo-European languages today such as nouns, verbs and adjectives. However, it also had some features that are no longer found in modern Indo-European languages such as dual number (for two of something) and active voice verb endings that are not found anywhere else outside of this group of languages. The main characteristics which make up an Indo European language are its inflectional system which indicates how nouns or verbs change according to their function within a sentence; its syntax which determines how words combine to form meaningful sentences; its consonant system which involves the use of sounds like b or d; its vowel structure which involves specific combinations of vowels; and its word order which determines how words should be arranged within a sentence for maximum clarity. Overall the Indo European Language Family has played an important role in shaping many aspects of our linguistics today from grammar rules to vocabulary items we use every day without even realizing it. Its influence on our lives can be seen all around us from literature to music to everyday conversations.