Human Rights Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Human Rights?
Human rights are fundamental rights that every human being is entitled to regardless of race, religion, gender or any other distinguishing factor. They include the right to life, liberty and security; justice and equality; freedom from discrimination; protection from slavery and torture; access to education and healthcare; political participation in decision-making processes; privacy, ownership of property, among others. Human rights form the basis for all aspects of society culture, politics, economy – the way we interact with each other as individuals.The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10th 1948 as a common standard for all countries worldwide to adhere to when it comes to human rights. This document outlines thirty articles that explain basic civil liberties such as freedom of speech and opinion along with economic social and cultural rights including labor standards, food/shelter/clothing/medical care/social services etc. The UDHR also calls upon governments around the world take immediately steps towards protecting these universal human rights principles enshrined within it. Nations have increased their commitment towards recognizing international laws protecting human rights through signing treaties like International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights (1966), Convention Against Torture & Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984) and Convention on Elimination All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women(1979). However despite these global efforts there is still much work that needs be done in ensuring all citizens around the world enjoy their full spectrum of guaranteed liberties free from fear oppression or abuse by state authorities violence incited by non-state actors or lack access basics necessities due poverty inequality etc. Efforts must continue globally at both national level where government representatives should demonstrate strong commitments upholding values outlined by UN’s UDHR through legislations policies programs initiatives while also engaging interested parties public private sector academics civil society organizations creating effective networks tackling pressing issues impacting citizenry local transnational scale work collaboratively strengthening promotion respect adherence core principals global peace stability development prosperity common goal shared humanity .