Gregory The Great Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Gregory The Great?
Gregory the Great was one of the most influential and influential figures in early Christianity. He was a pope, a theologian, an author, and a statesman who helped shape the Church during its formative years. Gregory is remembered as one of the four great Latin Doctors of the Church and his works have been instrumental in developing Christian theology and practice. He is also credited with popularizing monasticism throughout Europe. Gregory was born around 540 AD in Rome to a wealthy patrician family. He received an excellent education which included rhetoric, grammar, philosophy, music, astronomy and law. After completing his education he entered public service but eventually left it to become a monk at St Andrew’s Monastery in Rome. Soon after becoming a monk he became Abbot at St Andrew’s Monastery where he began developing ideas that would later be developed into papal policy and doctrine. In 590 AD Pope Pelagius II appointed Gregory as papal legate to Constantinople where he worked with Emperor Maurice to negotiate peace between Byzantium and Lombardy which had been waging war for many years. This resulted in Gregory being made Pope on September 3rd 590AD making him the first pope from Benedictine background since Peter himself. During his pontificate he focused on evangelization which involved sending missionaries throughout Europe preaching about Christianity as well as writing books such as Moralia in Job and Liber Regulae Pastoralis (The Book of Pastoral Rule) which were read by clergy throughout Europe during medieval times helping them understand how they should act when faced with pastoral duties or when teaching catechism to their parishioners. He also established liturgical reforms including changing the traditional mass order from Greek to Latin so that all Catholics could follow along more easily regardless of language barrier or lack of knowledge about Greek words used by Eastern churches at that time; these changes still hold today. Lastly but certainly not leastly Gregory is remembered for his charitable initiatives such as setting up orphanages hospitals schools soup kitchens etc. These acts provided much needed assistance during difficult times like famine war epidemics etc.