European History Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is European History?
European history is a long and complex subject, spanning thousands of years. From the earliest civilizations in ancient Greece and Rome to the modern nations that make up Europe today, there have been many eras of great change and progress. The European continent has seen numerous wars, revolutions, political upheavals, technological advancements and scientific discoveries throughout its history – all resulting in the rich tapestry of cultures we see today. In order to understand how Europe developed from an ancient civilization into a world power during the 20th century, it is necessary to look at some key events which shaped this journey. Firstly, the Christianization of Europe was a significant event as Christianity was adopted by much of Western Europe during Late Antiquity and Medieval periods. This had profound implications for religion and culture across most parts of Europe for centuries after.Another important event was known as The Age Of Exploration which began around 1400 AD when Europeans began expanding their knowledge about new lands through exploration and colonisation beyond their traditional borders. During this period they discovered new continents such as North America with Christopher Columbus leading one of these voyages in 1492 ultimately leading to ongoing contact between Europeans and native populations across much of what is now known as Latin America or South America. The French Revolution (1789 1799) helped usher in a period known as Romanticism whereby artists focused on abstract emotions rather than reason or logic; writers developed stories dealing with themes like death or love instead of historical facts; painters created works depicting nature scenes over urban landscapes; music shifted towards melodic tunes versus polyphonic pieces; theatre performances grew increasingly popular amongst aristocrats seeking entertainment away from politics. This cultural movement did not only influence literature but also impacted social norms about women’s rights particularly focusing on education opportunities previously denied them within society eventually leading to more progressive views regarding gender equality across countries involved in this revolution-era trend . The Industrial Revolution (c1760-1840) witnessed major advances in technology including steam power engines used for transportation purposes along with development entire factories based upon assembly lines manufacturing products at an unprecedented rate compared to previous generations relying on manual labor for creation completion tasks This led to rapid population growth within cities due both immigration influxes made possible via improved transportation systems plus improved medical services reducing mortality rates significantly among babies born into industrialised societies -allowing far greater numbers children reach adulthood compared past times when diseases seemed often fatal regardless treatment efforts attempted combat them These changes ushered not just economic reforms but social ones too transforming working conditions regulations class status/roles values held dear by citizens living industrialized nations Finally World War I (1914-1918) marked beginning what would become two major wars taking place same time frame WW2 commencing 1939 lasting until 1945.