10. THE 20TH CENTURY SINCE 1945

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The migrations from Asia caused a significant mingling of _____________ and _____________
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Religions & culture
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The two opposing ideologies that waged the cold war and created two major political boundaries were _____________ and _____________
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Communism & Democracy
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Much of Eastern European history involved _____________ and _____________ tribes
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Slavic & Germanic
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1. Bosnia 2. Croatia 3. Serbia
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1. Muslim 2. Catholic 3. Orthodox
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The main form of Government now practiced by the former Soviet Republics is _____________ and _____________
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Parliamentary & Democracy
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Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia were once part of _____________
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Yugoslavia
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_____________ is not a characteristic of ethnicity
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Politics
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Gender equality is an issue in the world today but not in all regions of the world. In which regions might gender equality NOT be a topic of discussion?
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In Patriarchal societies where men dominate all leadership positions
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Which of the following is not a characteristic of fundamentalism?
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Different beliefs accepted
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Religious militancy is restricted to _____________
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all beliefs
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The countries of Europe expanded the weapons of self-destruction during World War II.
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True
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World leaders followed the same pattern for reconstruction after World War II as they did following the First World War.
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False
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Three of the things the Marshall Plan was designed to do were:
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1. rebuild the European industrial complex 2.stem the tied of communism in the region 3.relieve food shortages
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The first two nations to receive aid from the Marshall Plan were _____.
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Greece & Turkey
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The _____________ Doctrine’s sole aim to stop the spread of communism anywhere in the world.
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Truman
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Which statement best summarizes the global depression?
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Overspeculation and fear of currency losing value made the depression longer and more severe.
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The United States was placed in control of _____________ Korea and the Soviet Union was placed in control of _____________.
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South, North
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The United Nations replaced the _____.
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League of Nations
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Who were the big three, who made most of the decisions about how World War II would end and what would happen afterward?
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Joseph Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill
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After World War II, Germany was divided into four parts, controlled by which powers?
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Great Britain, Soviet Union, The U.S., France
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What are three countries that became communist following World War II?
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Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria
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Who controlled South Korea following World War II?
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The United Nations
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The leader of the Communist Party in China following World War II was _____.
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Mao Zedong
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World War II caused the end of European imperialism.
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True
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Bipolar
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describes a world with two superpowers; e.g., the U.S. and the Soviet Union
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Bloc
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a united group of countries with common interests, goals, or aims
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Multipolar
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describes a world with many great powers; e.g., 19th-century England, France, Germany, Spain, and the Netherlands.
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The original United Nations charter was signed by ________ countries.
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50
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What are three goals of the United Nations?
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1. to promote human rights 2. to increase the standard of living for all people 3. to provide a basis for international law
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What event spurred world leaders to begin the United Nations?
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World War II
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The Security Council is made up of ______ permanent members and _______ temporary members.
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5, 10
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Which language is not one of the official United Nations languages?
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German
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Everyone in the Security Council has veto power.
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False
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The two main jobs of the United Nations are:
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Keeping the peace & protecting human rights
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What world leader gave the famous speech about the Iron Curtain?
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Winston Churchill
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The United Kingdom, France, and Israel fought against ______ over rights to the Suez Canal.
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Egypt
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Greece and Turkey were the first two nations to receive aid under the _______ Doctrine.
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Truman
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In what year did the infamous Bay of Pigs incident occur?
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1961
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The U.S. invaded this Caribbean island in 1983 to stop Communist intrusions there.
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Grenada
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Freedom movements of the 1980s and 1990s include:
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Tiananmen Square, The fall of the Berlin Wall, Anti-Apartheid in South Africa
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1. Korean War 2. Cuban Missile Crisis 3.Soviet/Afghanistan War 4. Fall of the Berlin Wall 5. Vietnam War 6. Truman Doctrine announced
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1. 1950-1963 2. 1962 3. 1979-1989 4. 1989 5. 1965-1975 6. 1947
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1. John Kennedy 2. Nikita Khrushchev 3. Winston Churchill 4. Fidel Castro
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1. U.S 2. Soviet Union 3. United Kingdom 4. Cuba
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The United Nations finances itself through ______.
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Voluntary contributions, membership fees
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Japan has become one of the world’s most _________ nations since World War II.
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Industrialized
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The number-one goal of the Truman Doctrine was to stop _______ the spread of in the world.
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Communism
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Greece and Turkey were the first countries to receive aid under the Marshall Plan, partially to rebuild the countries but also to _________ Communism.
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defeat
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The main building of the United Nations is located in _____.
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New York
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What computer language was developed to fight the Cold War?
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BASIC
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The Marshall Plan was designed to _____.
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bring unity to the European continent, stop Communist advances in the region, rebuild European industry
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The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, likened Communism to a(n) _______ Curtain.
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Iron
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Which of the following sentences best summarizes why telecommunications is indebted to the Cold War?
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All of our mobile devices use the satellite communications systems developed during the Cold War.
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List eight different technologies we use today that are a result of the Cold War.
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Satellites, lasers, missiles, programming languages, computer advancements, long distance calling, long range bombers, the internet.
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What country was formed to give a home to hundreds of thousands displaced Jews after World War II?
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Israel
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All the knowledge and values shared by a society is called culture.
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True
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Nationalism can take on four forms. They are _____.
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Political, Racial, Cultural, Religious
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India was partitioned to create Pakistan, due to this form of nationalism.
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Religious
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This nation fought against the Dutch to gain its independence.
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Indonesia
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The Khmer Rouge was a government that killed millions of people in _____.
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Cambodia
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What did Sun Yat Sen believe China needed?
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Freedom from foreign imperialism
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In a well-rounded paragraph, analyze the rise of nationalism as seen in the ideas of Sun Yat Sen, Mustafa Kemal Attaturk, and Mohandas Ghandi. Use examples to discuss each leader’s ideology and approaches each used to achieve his goal. You may choose to conduct additional independent research to learn more about the leaders, to support your understanding.
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Sun Yat Sen was a leader in the Chiense Revolution during the first part of the 20th century. The Revolution was to develop a sense of national identity while freeing China from the foreign imperialism and corrupt treaties, in Sun Yat Sen’s opinion. Mustafa Kemal Attaturk was a Turkish military leader who fought against the greeks. This helped him gained leadership which lead to him taking control of Turkey. His nationalism was to bring Turkey into the modern world, he initiated many many successful social and political reforms to that end. He brought about the emancipation of women which brought a whole problem of inferiority with women. Ghandi chose to take on nationalism differently, he started by gaining India’s independence from Great Britain. Ghandi chose to be peaceful instead of violent and did protests by boycotting companies, having hunger strikes, and sit-ins.
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The Scramble for Africa really began due to European _____.
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Political Control
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Which of the following was not a condition of the Berlin Conference?
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Slave trade would be continued to be allowed
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One of the major problems in Africa today, involving war, famine, and disease is in the nation of _____.
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Sudan
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How have the governments of the Romans and Greeks influenced our modern Western governments?
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by the development of representative government
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The 1994 Cairo Conference addressed the main issue of _____.
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Overpopulation
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Which of the following was NOT a topic of the Cairo Conference?
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Enslaving ethnic groups
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Which of the following was NOT one of the ultimate goals of the Cairo Conference?
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reduce male responsibility
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Countries targeted by the Cairo Conference include _______.
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countries ruled by strict sharia law
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Which of the following are overpopulation issues?
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possible global warming caused by pollution spread of disease causing pandemics
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Today, there are about how many people living on the earth?
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6.6 billion
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About how many babies are born per 1,000 people on the earth each year?
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20
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The \”Scramble for Africa\” had its roots in European _____.
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Politics
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What were three conditions of the Berlin Conference of 1884-85?
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Africa would be divided among European nations and America. The Congo would stay in Belgian hands. Slave trade was prohibited.
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What were three effects of European imperialism on Africa?
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A long series of ethnic wars caused by different tribes being forced into one nation. Once they were able to claim their independence, they didn’t know how because of their inability to ever take place in government prior. Europeans left African’s with barely anything causing them to have nothing to trade with.
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Which or the European Powers ruled over the largest amount of Africa in 1913?
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France and Britain
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The period of time when European imperialism greatly affected the continent of Africa is called the _____.
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Scramble for Africa
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Nazi Germany practiced this form of nationalism.
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Ethnic
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Stalin purged his government and country in the name of _______.
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Communism
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What two Eastern Bloc nations tried to break away from the Soviet Union in the 50s and 60s, only to be crushed?
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Hungary and Czechoslovakia
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Which of the following groups of people did Stalin’s purges target?
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intellectuals government dissidents political enemies of Stalin Poets
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What was Mao’s big agricultural initiative that resulted in starving millions?
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The Great Leap Forward
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What are three Eastern Bloc nations?
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Romania Bulgaria Poland
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Which of the following saw peaceful resistance as the best way of achieving independence and a strong National identity?
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Ghandi
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What makes fundamentalism different from other religious expressions?
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It is strict in its literal interpretation of holy scriptures.
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How do Islamic terrorists justify their violent actions?
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They believe they have \”just cause.\”
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How did Bin Laden and Al Qaida attempt to appeal to Muslims worldwide?
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They used well-known Islamic terminology.
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Which of the following is the best description of the nature of terrorism?
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It is like a virus; it adapts and changes.
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In one hundred to one hundred and fifty words, discuss how the American people have responded to aid Middle Eastern independence.
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The U.S. government helps by providing financial and humanitarian aid. This money is to help the government and the people from wars, natural disasters, etc. Sometimes they exchange their help for a promise to help America’s democracy. American’s also help by supporting charities and non-profit organizations. American’s do so many things to help the Middle Eastern gain independence for very little in return.
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A ______________ economic system is characterized by much government involvement, lack of private ownership, and elimination of economic classes.
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Planned
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When one nation hires people from another country to do certain kinds of work, it is called _____.
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Outsourcing
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______ nations are those that do not have the resources to carry on productive trade agreements.
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Developing
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OPEC stands for _____.
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Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
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The oil embargo of ________ forced the U.S. to ration gasoline for a time.
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1973
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Fortunately, oil prices are rarely affected by global events.
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False
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The four major goals of the United Nations are:
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to prevent wars. to promote human rights. to increase the standard of living for all people. to provide international law.
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The name of the plan for reconstructing Europe following World War II was the _____.
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Marshall Plan
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The satellite nations of the Soviet Union were called the:
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Eastern Bloc
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In this unit, the term bipolar refers to a world that has ________ superpowers.
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two
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Place these Cold War events in the order they occurred.
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1. Berlin Blockade 2. Cuban Missile Crisis 3.Vietnam War 4. SALT I talks 5. Afghanistan War
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Which issue was not addressed at the 1994 Cairo Conference?
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men’s social inequality
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A society dominated by men is called _____.
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patriarchal
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Fundamentalism can be characterized in which of the following ways?
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by a tendency to be more militant by a stricter adherence to a set of beliefs
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Private ownership, limited government involvement, and private investing are three characteristics of a ________ economic system.
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Market
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Mother Teresa changed the world primarily by________.
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living her vow of poverty, charity, and humility
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After the breakup of the Soviet Union, nearly every republic moved from a Communist economic system to a __________ one.
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Mixed
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Today, the United Nations consists of ________ members
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132
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OPEC stands for _____.
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Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
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A blockade, airlift, and wall were all a part of this city during the Cold War.
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Berlin
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A society that is dominated by men is called _____.
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patriarchal
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The three basic economic systems are:
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Market Planned Mixed
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The Truman Doctrines top priority was to stop the spread of _____.
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Communism
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What does this map tell us about African independence?
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South Africa, Morocco, and Ghana were independent.
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Compare the maps below. Which map gives us the clearest picture of changes in African independence?
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Map 2
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Advancements during the Cold War brought development to which of the following fields?
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griculture telecommunications computers biomedicine
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In 1994, the United Nations sponsored a conference in ______ to discuss overpopulation issues.
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Cairo
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What was the main setting of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Gulag Archipelago?
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the islands to which Stalin’s prisoners were exiled
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Four forms of nationalism are _____.
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ethnic political religious cultural
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The United Nations has two main tasks:
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keeping the peace protecting human rights
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This country surrendered after two atomic bombs were dropped on it.
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Japan
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What form of nationalism did Nazi Germany practice?
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ethnic
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Which of the following are overpopulation issues?
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increased famine energy shortages
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Match the nation with its leader.
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1. United Kingdom-Winston Churchill 2. Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev 3. United States – Harry Truman 4. Cuba 4 Fidel Castro
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Which of the following statements best summarizes the Communist Party membership?
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Give your all for government, and the government will serve all.
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How did Queen Elizabeth I rise to power?
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She succeeded to the throne when her half-sister, Queen Mary I, died.
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How did Margaret Thatcher get her nickname, the Iron Lady?
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She was a very vocal opponent of the communist Iron Curtain.
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Name three Eastern Bloc nations:
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Poland Bulgaria Romania
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Math the following terms to the correct description.
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1. Muslim 2 describes one who has taken the religious or political stance to extremes 2. radicalized 3 use random violence and murder to instill fear 3. terrorists 1 follower of the Qur’an
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Capitalism falls under a _______ economic system.
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planned
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How do terrorists justify their killing and violence in the name of Islam?
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They believe that, since the West is inherently anti-God, they have just cause. They believe that, since most Muslims do not follow a strict interpretation of the Qur’an, they are anti-God, and the terrorists have just cause.
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Select the sentence below that best summarizes the American military response to radical Islam since 9/11.
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It involves everything from diplomacy to the use of drones, and it changes as the nature of radical Islamic terrorism changes.
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For the following issues, identify if each is a limitation of capitalism with a \”C,\” or a limitation of socialism with an \”S.\”
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less freedom to choose your career-s monopolies control both final good and labor prices-c larger income inequality-c no motivation to work harder or improve your output-s
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Which of the following sentences best summarizes the impact of ancient Greece on the American way of life?
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We have a representative form of government patterned after the Greek government.
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Which of the following industries benefit from government subsidies?
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oil companies farms
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Which of the following are examples of economic and social advances that the middle class worked to gain?
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public education laws forbidding child labor
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When comparing the maps below, which shows the shift from European control to African independence?
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Map A
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Which of the following is an example of the Nationalistic ideas of the Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Attaturk?
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getting rid of oppressive British Rule
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Why did the student protest at Tiananmen Square of 1989 fail?
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The hardliners still had too much power.
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Which of the following terms was part of the military negotiations of the Tehran Conference of 1942? Select all that apply.
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If Bulgaria attacked Turkey, then Russia would come to Turkey’s aide and draw them into the war as an ally. The demand for Germany’s \”unconditional surrender.\”
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The two main reasons for finding another trade route were _____.
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Religious, Economics
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For a nation to prosper, it must ______ with its neighbors.
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Trade
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Brazil turned out to be very profitable for Portugal because of _____.
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Gold
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European slave trading became a major issue in the colony of _____.
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Brazil
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This explorer discovered a way around the African southern tip.
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Dias
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Two things that enabled the Portuguese to begin overseas exploration were:
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advanced navigation techniques, better cartography
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Portugal denied this explorer’s request to sail to the New World.
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Columbus
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The three main religions that were in conflict in Spain were _____.:
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Jews, Catholics, Muslims
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This explorer was looking for the Fountain of Youth in Florida.
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Ponce De Leon
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Under the encomienda system, victorious conquistadors were made _______ over the land.
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Trustees
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The ________ Exchange was the mass trading of flora, fauna, people, and diseases between the New World and Old World.
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Columbian
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Name three characteristics of the encomienda system.
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Natives paid tribute to the conquistadors., Conquistadors became trustees of the land. Indigenous population got to keep their lands.
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Two things that were introduced to the Old World from the New during the Columbian Exchange were _____.
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Potatoes & Corn
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In what ways did economic competition between countries \”come at the expense of others\”? Select all correct answers.
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Countries paid taxes to each other. Competition was intense for economic control.
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Imperialism needed two things to work. They were:
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Land and Trade
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The economic system where colonies supply goods to the mother country is called _____.
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Mercantillism
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The Seven Year’s War shifted the balance of power in favor of the _____.
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English
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English presence in India hastened the fall of the __________ Empire.
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Mughal
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England and France originally explored North America looking for the ____________ Passage to the Orient.
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NorthWest
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This company became the richest company on Earth.
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Dutch East India Company
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After the ___________ Rebellion, the British government took over political control of India.
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Sepoy
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Even though France lost its territories in North America and India, it was able to keep them in _____.
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Indochina
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The ‘divide and rule’ policy employed by the English was developed by the _____.
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French
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European imperialism was started by _____.
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Portugal
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This Portuguese explorer discovered Brazil.
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Cabral
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The two main kinds of slavery were _____.
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indentured and chattel
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This Spanish explorer is credited with discovering Cuba.
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Columbus
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France’s imperialistic manuevers focused on Indochina due to _______________.
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loss of the seven year’s war
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The African colony of Palmares was located in this country.
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Brazil
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What are two lasting legacies of Portugal’s history?
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Many indigenous cultures lost their land. It showed that a small country can make a big impact.
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This Portuguese explorer is credited with discovering the route to India.
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da Gama
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The two Opium Wars were between China and _____.
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England
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This Spanish conquistador conquered the Incas.
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Pizarro
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The Buganda Empire is known today as _____.
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Uganda
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Russia’s age of imperialism included sea ports in the _____.
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Black sea, pacific ocean
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The printing press was invented by _____.
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Johannes Gutenberg
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A book about an ideal leader, The Prince, was written by _____.
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Machiavelli
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Thomas More, who died for what he believed in, coined the word _____.
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Utopia
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Michelangelo is known for:
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Architectural work on St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome A marble statue of David
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Which scientist continued the work of another while studying the elliptical path of planets? Name both scientists.
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Kepler advanced Copernicus’ work.
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Which of these was Sir Isaac Newton not known for?
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Invention of the microscope
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Erasmus wrote a new version of _____.
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the new testament
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In your opinion, what were the social, economic, and political changes that most contributed to the rise of Florence and the ideas of Machiavelli? Answer in a well-developed paragraph of at least 150 words, giving specific historic facts to support your ideas.
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Art was a big thing and all three of the great artist were from Italy. This created a period of time were art was a big things. It seemed like a lot of people started to question the church’s teaching, even though the majority of people were still catholic. People were also learning about new sciences such as the idea of heliocentric. There were many changes in this period and new science and art discovers flourished.
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This enlightened monarch was an accomplished flutist, allowed freedom of the press, and made sure that judges were properly educated.
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Frederick II
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The God-given right to rule is called _____.
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The Divine RIght
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The first nation built on a capitalistic system was _____.
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The Netherlands
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The Magna Carta paved the way for a parliamentary form of government in _____.
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England
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This monarch reigned longer than any other major European leader, and he created the legal code of his country.
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Louis XIV
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The English Bill of Rights gave Parliament ___________ over government institutions and law.
answer

sovereignty
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According to the lesson, the lessening of punishment for a wrongdoing is called a (an) _____.
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Indulgence
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The Council of Trent was called to:
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Reaffirm the Catholic Church’s teachings
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_____ continued to be the primary religion of the Middle-East region.
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Islam
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These two major religions grew steadily because they were able to assimilate and coexist with other religions.
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Buddhism and Hinduism
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To change or improve something by correcting faults or removing abuses is to _____.
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Reform
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This Swiss reformer was killed in battle.
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Ulrich Zwingli
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Describe the purpose of the Counter-Reformation and the circumstances and outcomes of the Council of Trent. Include the role of the Jesuits in your assessment. Conduct independent research, as needed, to support your answer with specific historical information.
answer

The catholic church admitted that they went to far and that they needed to continue and reinforce the teachings of their church. In addition, all clergy had to focus on the teachings and they had to recieve proper education. The church went to the Jesuits for help and they went on missionaries with them.
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What worldview did most Europeans hold on to in the 16th century?
answer

Geocentric
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Galileo was perhaps best known for______________.
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developing the telescope that could view details of the moon
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Kepler fine-tuned Copernicus’ heliocentric model by______________.
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determining that the planets rotate on an ellipse
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The Scientific Revolution brought ________. Select all that apply.
answer

a renewed understanding of humanity and our place in the universe, new scientific equipment, new laws that served as a basis for future scientific discovery
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The Netherlands was the first nation built on _____.
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Capitalism
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Three famous artists during the Renaissance were _____.
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Da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo
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Three enlightened monarchs during the eighteenth century were:
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Joseph II Catherine the Great Frederick II
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What three major catastrophes struck Europe prior to the Protestant Reformation?
answer

the Great Famine the Hundred Years’ War the Black Plague
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_____ is credited with starting the Church of Scotland during the Reformation.
answer

John Knox
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Niccolo Machiavelli’s famous work, The _______ , was about the qualities that made an ideal leader.
answer

Prince
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The German theologian _____ is credited with beginning the Protestant Reformation.
answer

Martin Luther
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The idea of the sun in the middle of the solar system, with planets orbiting around it originated with whom?
answer

Copernicus
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The theologian _____ was the first to translate the Bible into his native English.
answer

John Wycliffe
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In its early history, the Netherlands relied on these two corporations for money and in some ways, protection:
answer

Dutch East India Company Dutch West India Company
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Which of the following provisions was NOT a part of the English Bill of Rights?
answer

The crown may create new taxes without approval of Parliament.
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The two events that helped bring about the Renaissance were:
answer

The Crusades The printing press
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The Glorious Revolution saw which monarch flee the country and his crown?
answer

James II
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Which statement best summarizes the interplay between individualism and Christianity?
answer

The greatest danger to faith was following traditional teachings of the Church without understanding the teachings of Christ Himself.
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Why was the Council of Trent organized?
answer

The power and reach of the Catholic Church was severely compromised.
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This Mughal emperor was the one who agreed to allow the English to set up a base of operations for trade in India.
answer

Jahangir
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Humayun ruled the empire twice, and in the second reign he was able to ______________.
answer

Secure the borders well
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The Taj Mahal was built by this emperor for a tomb.
answer

Shah Jahan
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Which of the following was not a reason for the fall of the Mughal Empire?
answer

famine and natural disaster
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This Mughal leader desecrated Hindu temples and forced people to convert to Islam.
answer

Aurangzeb
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Place the emperors of the Mughal Empire in the order they appeared.
answer

earliest: Babur second: Humayun third: Akbar fourth: Jahangir fifth: Shah Jahan sixth: Aurangzeb
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This present-day nation was home to the Ottoman Empire.
answer

Turkey
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The two holiest cities of Islam are _____.
answer

Mecca and Medina
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What are two factors that hastened the end of the Ottoman Empire?
answer

falling behind in military tactics and weaponry the development of European overseas trade
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The name of the powerful military force in the Ottoman Empire was _____.
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Janissary Corps
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The Byzantine capital of Constantinople had its name changed to ________ after it fell to the Ottomans.
answer

Istanbul
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The Safavid employed two __________ to help modernize their military.
answer

Englishmen
question

The formation of cultures and societies has gone through a progression of steps. Place these steps in order.
answer

first: second: third: fourth: fifth:
question

Bipolar
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a world with two superpowers; i.e. the United States and Soviet Union
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Capitalism
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an economic system based on private ownership and competition motivated by profit
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Communism
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a classless society where control of wealth and property belongs to the state
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Culture
answer

all the knowledge and values shared by a society
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Diversity
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variety in a group such as gender, ethnicity, and economics
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Ethnic
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a group sharing distinctive cultural traits
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Fundamentalism
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a religious movement based on a literal interpretation of a doctrine
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Globalization
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the process of conducting business on a global scale
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Imperalism
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policy extending political, economic, or military rule over another
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Multipolar
answer

a world with many great powers; i.e. 19th century England, France, Germany, Spain, Netherlands
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Nationalism
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a strong sense of love and devotion toward a nation
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Socialism
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an economic system where all business is controlled by people who share equally in the profits
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Apartheid
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a South African social policy of racial segregation involving political, economic, and legal discrimination against non-whites
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Bolshevik
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a member of the left-wing majority group of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party
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Bourgeoisie
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the middle class
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Cubism
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a revolutionary movement in art that deconstructed an object into its parts then put them back to together using angles, shapes and unrealistic imagery
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Ego
answer

the self that develops defense mechanisms deal with the ravenous appetites of the id.
question

Euthanasia
answer

practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from an incurable condition, as by lethal injection or withholding medical treatment
question

Id
answer

the most primitive urges for gratification in the infant, no logic
question

Genocide
answer

the systematic killing of a people group by another
question

Holocaust
answer

the systematic mass slaughter of European Jews and others in Nazi concentration camps during World War II
question

Liberalism
answer

a political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution
question

Menshevik
answer

a member of the liberal minority group of the Russian Social Democratic Party
question

Pragmatism
answer

a way of thinking that is more concerned with results than with theories
question

Proletariat
answer

the poorest class of working people in society
question

The Plan de Iguala was designed to guarantee _____.
answer

an independent Mexico with a constitutional monarchy Catholicism as Mexico’s state religion
question

Who issued the \”Grito de Dolores\”?
answer

Miguel Hidalgo
question

In 1824, Mexico became __________
answer

a Republic
question

The United Provinces of Central America was established after Central America seceded from ___________
answer

Mexico
question

What country controlled the land at the time of Brazil’s independence in 1822?
answer

Portugal. Brazil was colonized by Portugal
question

In Haiti, Vincent Oge demanded the right to _____.
answer

Vote
question

When it was a French colony, Haiti was called _____.
answer

St. Domingue
question

People who were of European ancestry that were born in the Americas were called _____.
answer

Creoles
question

Select all issues that led to the French Revolution.
answer

resentment toward French monarchy an economic crisis in France resentment toward social structures
question

What contributed to France’s financial crisis in the late 1700s?
answer

the lavish spending of the royal court aid given to the U.S. colonists
question

The storming of the Bastille occurred _____.
answer

after members of the third estate declared themselves to be the National Assembly
question

Why did Louis XVI call a meeting of the Estates General?
answer

to discuss France’s tax system
question

The French middle class and peasantry belonged to the ________Estate.
answer

Third
question

The 1791 French constitution limited the powers of the _____.
answer

French Monarch
question

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen _____.
answer

declared freedom of speech, press, and religion was modeled after the U.S. Declaration of Independence
question

Who was the leader of the Committee of Public Safety?
answer

Maximilien Robespierre
question

During the French Revolution, radicals _____.
answer

wanted to establish a french republic
question

Olympe de Gouges wrote a \”Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen\” in 1791, declaring that women were also citizens and should have rights equal to those of men. She was then_________________.
answer

executed by the guillotine
question

What currently practiced ideology has its roots in the French Revolution?
answer

Socialism
question

Who became king of France after Napoleon was exiled?
answer

Louis XVIII
question

Autocratic rule was seen in Russia as
answer

rule by a single leader with unrestrained power.
question

Russian czars eliminated opposition to their rule by relying on _____.
answer

strict censorship a secret police force
question

Where did Czar Nicholas I exile suspected dissenters?
answer

Siberia
question

In 1900, the majority of Russia’s population belonged to the _____.
answer

Peasantry
question

The Trans-Siberian Railway covered a distance from Eastern Europe to ______________
answer

the PAcific
question

What nations claimed to protect Christian interests in the Ottoman Empire?
answer

France and Russia
question

Why did the British participate in the Crimean War?
answer

They did not want the Russians to control the Black Sea.
question

Participants in the Decembrist Revolt wanted to establish _____.
answer

a constitutional monarchy
question

Alexander III’s program of Russification _____.
answer

targeted the empire’s non-Russian population emphasized the use of the Russian language
question

As a result of the 1905 Revolution, _____.
answer

political parties were banned
question

This became the universal language with changes done by the Romans.
answer

Latin
question

Aristotle’s teacher was _____.
answer

Plato
question

Early alphabets, such as the Semitic, established shapes for sounds of consants. The Greeks added vowels and _____________ spread among Greek speaking populations.
answer

Literacy
question

Reasons why Kush is considered a satellite of Egypt are:
answer

Their pyramids and tombs are similar. They had similar religious beliefs and gods. Their art and architecture were much the same.
question

Reasons why Kush was its own distinct culture include:
answer

development of own language religious beliefs that predate Egypt
question

The world’s oldest recognized monarchy is found in _____.
answer

Kush
question

The single most important event in Jewish history is the Jews’ exodus from _____.
answer

Egypt
question

The three main kings during the golden age of Israel were _____.
answer

David, Solomon, Saul
question

The Hebrew nation was split into two parts: _____.
answer

Israel and Judah
question

In what order did the four Diasporas mentioned in the lesson occur?
answer

first: Assyrian second: Babylonian third: Greek fourth: Roman
question

The Jewish state ended at the hands of the Romans in A.D. _____.
answer

70
question

This tribe migrated across Africa bringing iron technology with it.
answer

Bantu
question

Two things societies with iron technology developed socially are _____.
answer

divisions of labor hierarchical social classes
question

The Xiongnu and Scythians greatly influenced this region.
answer

Central Asia
question

The Asiatic Huns were also known as the _____.
answer

Xiongnu
question

Most of what we know about the Scythians comes from the _____.
answer

Romans and Greeks
question

The Xiongnu Empire rose in power and trade even after the Chinese attempted to block its influence by:
answer

Building the Great Wall
question

Nomadic tribes and civilizations were conquered and absorbed into the the Xiongnu Empire. This brought the empire more _______.
answer

territory natural resources trading routes
question

The Jewish Torah is composed of _____ books.
answer

Five
question

Plato’s student was _____.
answer

Aristotle
question

The Scythians and Xiongnu were _____ societies.
answer

Nomadic
question

Judaism, like Christianity and Islam, traces its roots to _____.
answer

Abraham
question

Some of the benefits of iron technology in agriculture include:
answer

More land could be cleared. More diverse crops could be grown.
question

Evidence seems to suggest that the art of metallurgy began in _____.
answer

Africa
question

Place these languages in the order they appeared.
answer

first: Egyptian second: Semitic third: Phoenician fourth: Greek fifth: Roman
question

Match the Jewish description of God with its meaning.
answer

1. omnipotent; all powerful 2. omniscient; all knowing 3. omnipresent; in all places at all times
question

The _____ language was spoken in Egypt.
answer

Coptic
question

Which of these regions was NOT influenced by the Scythians?
answer

Africa
question

The sacred book of Judaism is called the _____.
answer

Torah
question

The Scythians divided into what two branches?
answer

Iranian and Indian
question

This leader made all citizens over thirty eligible to serve on the council and gave more power to the Citizen Assembly.
answer

Cleisthenes
question

This first Athenian reform leader established the Citizen’s Assembly, forbade enslavement for debts, and made fathers responsible for seeing that their sons learned a trade.
answer

Solon
question

The alliance of Greek city-states was called the _____.
answer

Delian League
question

The defining moment in Greek history is the _____ Wars.
answer

Persian
question

This battle eliminated Persian influence in Greece and Athens.
answer

Salamis Bay
question

Plato’s famous teacher was _____.
answer

Socrates
question

A civilization whose impact can be felt on history for a very long time is called _____.
answer

Classical
question

_______ is considered the father of Greek tragedy.
answer

Aeschylus
question

The introduction of female characters in plays is attributed to _____.
answer

Euripides
question

The Socratic method is named after this Greek philosopher.
answer

Socrates
question

Inductive reasoning is attributed to _____.
answer

Aristotle
question

From the lesson, the discovery of philosophy can be attributed to the _____.
answer

Egyptians
question

Which of the regions or nations did Alexander not conquer?
answer

Italy and China
question

After Alexander’s death, Greece and Macedonia were ruled by _____.
answer

Antipater
question

Alexander the Great eventually established his administrative headquarters at _____.
answer

Babylon
question

Alexander was the son of _____.
answer

Phillip II
question

After Alexander’s death, Egypt was ruled by _____.
answer

Ptolemy
question

The philosophy that believed pleasure was the greatest aim in life was called _____.
answer

Epicureanism
question

This philosophy believed it was important to completely control one’s passions and emotions.
answer

Stoicism
question

The _______ is considered the sacred text and holy scriptures of Zoroastrianism
answer

Avesta
question

Many regard Zoroastrianism as the first ______ religion in the world.
answer

Monotheistic
question

Herodotus is famous for writing _____.
answer

The histories
question

A _______ was a Persian provincial governor.
answer

Satrap
question

The location of the famous stand by three hundred Spartans against the Persian army is called _____.
answer

thermoplyae
question

The way of life where a person withdraws from society to devote self to prayer and solitude is called _____.
answer

Monasticism
question

Match the Persian leader with his notable achievement or defeat.
answer

1. Cyrus; respected the customs and religions of the people he conquered 2. Cambyses; one of the few generals in history to ever conquer and occupy Egypt 3. Darius; was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Marathon 4. Xerxes; was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Salamis
question

One of the legends surrounding the origins or Rome involves two brothers _____.
answer

Romulus and Remus
question

The early Roman government was a ________
answer

Monarchy
question

Roman society was composed of two groups:
answer

Plebeians Patricians
question

The rulers of Italy before the Romans were the _____.
answer

Etruscans
question

Which of the following was not one of the Roman Senate’s powers in the early days?
answer

exercise complete control over the common people or plebeians
question

The First Triumvirate consisted of _____.
answer

Crassus Pompey Julius Caesar
question

This Roman leader was assassinated in 46 B.C.
answer

Julius Caesar
question

The end to the Roman Republic occurred when _______ came to power.
answer

Caesar Augustus
question

The plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides reflected the social values and attitudes of classical Greeks yet one introduced strong female characters in his plays. Which playwright was bold enough to do so and select his play.
answer

Euripides, in \”The Bacchae.\”
question

The library at _____ in Egypt became the center of research, literature, and science.
answer

Alexandria
question

The Greek philosophy of exploring all possibilities and examples before reaching a conclusion is called _____.
answer

Inductive Reasoning
question

Alexander’s kingdom was split into _____ major parts.
answer

Three
question

The famous philosophy work the Republic, which envisioned a utopia, was written by _____.
answer

Plato
question

_____ is considered the \”Father of History.\”
answer

Herodotus
question

The ancient _____ are traditionally credited with being the discoverers of philosophy. However, they probably picked up philosophy from the Egyptian culture.
answer

Greeks
question

The four books of the New Testament that detail the life and teachings of Jesus are called _____.
answer

Gospels
question

Christianity is a _______ religion.
answer

Monotheistic
question

The sacred text of Christianity is the Bible which is composed of the _____.
answer

The new and old testaments
question

Emperor ________ established the Edict of Milan in 313.
answer

Constantine
question

What Indian ruler was converted to Buddhism?
answer

Ashoka
question

The ________ depicts the role and status of women in Indian society.
answer

Ramayana
question

Chandragupta rebelled against the governors of _____.
answer

Alexander
question

What things did the Han Dynasty standardize?
answer

Writing, Weights and measure
question

The state religion of the Han Dynasty was _____.
answer

Confucianism
question

The main trade route that connected China with Rome was called the _____.
answer

Silk Road
question

The Olmec civilization was located in _____.
answer

Mesoamerica
question

What is NOT a reason for the Olmec civilization to be the \”mother culture\” of later Mesoamerican societies?
answer

the use of the wheel
question

What form of government is a republic?
answer

Representative
question

The Greek polis began as ____________.
answer

a settlement along the Adriatic and Mediterranean that developed its own governing style
question

The Greek polis was a city-state with _____.
answer

an agora, where trade and other commerce occurred
question

The Roman Republic was begun by ______________.
answer

the establishment of a representative government
question

Which of the following shows how the Greek city-states and the Roman Republic were similar? Select all that apply.
answer

Both began with settlements in city-states in close proximity Both had representative forms of government
question

Ancient Greek and Roman societies made sense of their world through _____.
answer

a polytheistic mythology
question

Which Roman god is most like Hades?
answer

Pluto
question

Roman gods and goddesses tended to be more heroic and interested in the afterlife. What were Greek gods and goddesses more interested in?
answer

Manipulating lovers Engaging the human world Physical beauty
question

The origins of Roman mythology lay in __________
answer

Greek Mythology
question

A person who believes things that contradict a religion’s doctrine is called a _____.
answer

Heretic
question

The two classical civilizations of ancient India were the:
answer

Gupta Maurya
question

The laws of Rome were written down in 450 B.C. and called the _____.
answer

twelve tables
question

The title of Christ was given to Jesus from the Greek word for _____.
answer

savior
question

Siddhartha Gautama founded the religion of _____.
answer

Buddhism
question

The Etruscans ruled this region before the Romans.
answer

Italy
question

The two hundred years of Roman Peace (30 B.C. – A.D. 235) is called _____.
answer

Pax Romana
question

Confucianism was the state religion of the _____ Dynasty.
answer

Han
question

Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar composed the _____.
answer

First Triumvirate
question

The name Olmec means _____.
answer

Rubber people
question

In ancient Greek democracy, women were ______.
answer

subject to their husbands or fathers
question

Great stone head sculptures are one of the legacies of this civilization.
answer

olmec
question

The Han Dynasty (202 B.C. – A.D. 8; A.D. 25-220) consisted of two parts called the _____.
answer

former and latter
question

The Greek gods and goddesses were believed to live on ________
answer

Mount Olympus
question

Egypt and Kush believed in a form of religion.
answer

Polytheistic
question

Ashoka was the famous king of who renounced violence.
answer

Maurya
question

This Roman issued the Edict of Milan, which formally established tolerance for all religions.
answer

Constantine
question

They invented a 365-day calendar and rubber balls.
answer

Olmecs
question

When Caesar Augustus came to power, this form of government disappeared from Rome.
answer

Republic
question

This civilization introduced the world to democracy.
answer

Greece
question

Siddhartha Gautama founded the _____ religion.
answer

Buddhist
question

The Bantu tribe migrated across Africa, bringing with them _____ technology.
answer

Iron
question

This man is considered the \”Father of History.\”
answer

Herodotus
question

The exodus from Egypt is this religion’s most important event.
answer

Judaism
question

The ancient language of _____ is called Sanskrit.
answer

India
question

This Chinese thinker’s beliefs were adopted by the Han Dynasty and used as part of a civil service examination to gain employment in the government.
answer

Confusius
question

How did rule by a few, or a small group, work in the city-states of Italy?
answer

Oligarchies governed through councils and elected officials.
question

Many of today’s basic human rights have roots in classical traditions and religions, including which of the following?
answer

equality before the law innocent until proven guilty trial by a jury of your peers
question

The two Persian leaders who tried to conquer Greece were:
answer

Xerxes and Darius I
question

The \”Father\” of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism is _____.
answer

Abraham
question

The Pax Romana (30 B.C. – A.D. 235) was two hundred years of Roman _____.
answer

Peace
question

The Hellenistic period followed the reign of _____.
answer

Alexander the Great
question

Which of the following best demonstrates how the societies of the Greek polis and the Roman Republic differed?
answer

Greek city-states were composed of individual societies with unique governance and structure, while Rome was centered on a collection of city-states.
question

The three important reasons for studying history are _____.
answer

to reveal past contributions of civilizations to connect the past to the present to recognize patterns
question

Recognizing patterns helps you to _____.
answer

avoid making mistakes in the future understand human nature and behavior
question

History is the story of the interaction between _____.
answer

environment ideas people
question

An archaeologist studies _____.
answer

early human culture and development compared to the present day
question

A geologist studies _____.
answer

the earth, rock forms, and strata
question

What makes historians unique? Select all correct responses.
answer

Historians present the past to the present to learn from mistakes and successes. Historians write, as accurately as possible, stories of past people, places, and events. Historians want to discover, study, and interpret new findings. Historians use the historic method to draw conclusions of history and how it affects us.
question

To properly study the human race’s past, all five types of historians should be used.
answer

True
question

History is more than a series of events. It is a _______ of events.
answer

Record
question

A firsthand report or eyewitness account is an example of what type of data source?
answer

Primary
question

Why are secondary sources important to the study of history?
answer

These sources provide information written by other authors.
question

An example of data that a historian would use is _____.
answer

Pictorial data
question

What process has the historian followed when testing the accuracy of the source against other facts and outside data?
answer

External criticism
question

Which difficult position might historians find themselves in?
answer

wanting to add their own perspective or bias to the writing
question

Click here to view an actual (partial) record of passengers who arrived at the Port of New York during the Irish Famine, created in 1977-1989. It includes passengers from 1846 to 1849. Which of the following integrates quantitative analysis into qualitative analysis, based on the above record of passengers?
answer

understanding how many single young men traveled to America in hope of a better life
question

Choose the best answer to complete this sentence: The illustration of the basketball game shows _____.
answer

that one event can be viewed from many perspectives
question

Based on the information in this lesson, how is history like the basketball game? Select all that apply.
answer

It is hard to determine how events happen. Historians use clues to piece together events.
question

Which of the following statements would best describe the common elements of most historical events?
answer

Common elements involve change, advance, or conflict
question

How does the historian affect history?
answer

The bias of historians will affect the way they record events.
question

How would an historian best respond to the comment, \”History is simply a series of events in chronological order.\”
answer

True, with fascinating information of who, whay, where, why, and possibly some bias and perspective of the writer that we can explore.
question

How do the Five Elements of Historic Events work together for viewing history?
answer

By remembering the 5 W’s, a historian can connect information of an event.
question

When studying history, asking questions and checking other sources will improve one’s perspective. What other awareness is necessary?
answer

To realize all writers and reporters have some bias of culture, geography, economics, or politics.
question

Which of the following is NOT a primary source?
answer

recent book about the Civil War
question

People who discover, study, interpret, and write history are called _____.
answer

historians
question

Historians must have certain qualities of character, such as _____.
answer

Accuracy and honesty
question

Historians are concerned with accuracy of their writings and readings but are also aware of
answer

biases, perspectives, beliefs, and a variety of other differences.
question

Who, what, when, where, and why are elements of _____.
answer

historic events
question

What things can cause a person to be biased?
answer

religious views political views upbringing country lived in
question

An anthropologist studies _____.
answer

early human culture and development compared to the present day
question

A secondary source might be _____.
answer

a documentary made ten years later
question

Historians seek to interpret historic sites, artifacts, written records, and verbal histories without adding their own what?
answer

Biases of interpretation
question

The dating of artifacts is done by a _____-age system based on the development of tools and technology.
answer

three
question

Absolute dating can be determined by which of the following. Select all that apply.
answer

tree-ring patterns Earth’s magnetic field coral growth cycle radioactivity
question

Relative dating helps to determine __________.
answer

chronological order
question

How are anthropologists able to make generalizations about human behavior?
answer

knowing the regularities in human custom
question

What best describes a rite of passage?
answer

a ceremony that marks passing stages in life
question

Which of the following are rites of passage, according to Arnold van Gennep? Select all that apply.
answer

marriage puberty death birth
question

What best defines anthropology?
answer

science of people
question

What did economic stability lead to in the Neolithic Revolution?
answer

political systems
question

The length of time hunter-gatherers stayed in one region depended on _____.
answer

climate conditions available food amount of stored food
question

The era in which early humans made tools is called the _____.
answer

Paleolithic Age
question

Place the species in the order in which they appeared on Earth.
answer

first: Australopithecines second: Homo Habillis third: Homo erectus fourth: Neanderthais fifth: Homo Sapiens
question

What is the first species of humans found outside Africa?
answer

Homo erectus
question

What species first appeared to walk upright?
answer

Australopithecines
question

What species may have been the first to use crude tools?
answer

Homo Habillis
question

The origin of the human species appears to be in _____.
answer

Africa
question

What are the three theories for the emergence of Homo sapiens? Select all that apply.
answer

Assimilation model Multiregional Continuity model Out-of-Africa model
question

The _____ model suggests that living humans came from the species Homo erectus and that their development took place throughout the world.
answer

Multiregional Continuity
question

The _____ model suggests that Homo sapiens migrated to Europe and Asia replacing populations descended from Neanderthals and older Homo erectus. Select all that apply.
answer

Out-of-Africa
question

Three of the common characteristics of hunter-gatherer communities are _____. Select all that apply.
answer

their communities were small in size they possessed knowledge of plants and animals they possessed the knowledge of tools and fire
question

Much of the evidence we have on early humans comes from _____.
answer

Cro-Magnon
question

The two main factors that influenced the development of humans were _____.
answer

environment and geography
question

Complete the following sentence: Many linguists agree language developed in two stages, beginning with ____________________.
answer

\”sentences\” of noises making up something meaningful
question

The majority of linguists believe a mother language originated somewhere in _____.
answer

Eurasia
question

The study of human language includes the study of _____.
answer

syntax meaning structure
question

The ability to learn and transfer knowledge to others is called _____.
answer

collective learning
question

Three early forms of communication were _____.
answer

hieroglyphs petroglyphs cuneiform
question

The Paleolithic Age is also known as the _____.
answer

Old stone age
question

Homo erectus is believed to be the first confirmed species found outside of _____.
answer

Africa
question

Linguists agree the ability to speak a language sets humans apart from other animals because we can: ______.
answer

have rules for our sentences invent languages borrow words from other languages, use grammar, use abstract terms including past and future
question

Collective learning is the ability to learn and transfer _____ to others.
answer

Knowledge
question

The procedure of comparing cultural similarities as well as differences among societies is called the _____.
answer

Comparative method
question

Ancient rock paintings have been found in _____.
answer

Spain and France
question

What made the climate of northern Africa change from tropical to grasslands, and then to desert?
answer

Ice ages
question

Today, there are between _____ languages spoken on Earth.
answer

5,000 and 6,000
question

What resulted from the planting of crops in the beginnings of human society?
answer

Economic stability
question

Early plants that were domesticated are _____.
answer

Wheat, Rye, Barley
question

Disease is easier to spread in _____ society.
answer

an agrarian
question

What is the best choice for why agrarian societies included gender inequality?
answer

In larger groups of people, organization was essential to survival; men took the more powerful role.
question

Five characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies were _____.
answer

healthier and better diets few social changes little problem with spread of disease more dangers from animals and accidents few technological changes
question

Five characteristics of agrarian societies were _____.
answer

rapid technological advances less leisure time extra food during winter freedom to work different jobs depletion of the soil
question

Some of the artifacts that hint at religious rituals include _____.
answer

Jewelry, pottery
question

How did the receding ice age help with the development of agrarian societies?
answer

Warmer climate created better growing conditions.
question

Some of the artifacts that hint at religious rituals include _____.
answer

jewelry pottery greenstone amulets
question

Population growth and the domestication of plants and animals brought on new cultural changes, such as _____.
answer

gender inequality emergence of new social classes greater need for protection
question

What is meant by the term aquaculture?
answer

cultivation of water animals, such as eels and fish
question

Evidence of more sophisticated religious beliefs includes _____.
answer

buildings constructed for public purposes placement of human remains
question

Four characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies are _____.
answer

people were nomadic healthier diets few technological advances more dangerous lifestyle
question

Read the following events. Which happened last?
answer

Humans moved from hunter-gatherers to agricultural settlements.
question

The steps of the historical method include:
answer

analysis of data synthesis of data reporting conclusions
question

Interpretation of data based on one’s own perspective can lead to ________________.
answer

Preconceived ideas
question

How can an historian acknowledge personal bias yet stay true to the historic method?
answer

An historian may keep asking more questions, keep searching other sources, and keep writing.
question

We know for certain that early humans were first _____.
answer

hunter-gatherers
question

The evolution of language paralleled the growth of _____ societies.
answer

agrarian
question

The historical method uses what six elements?
answer

collecting data interpreting data analyzing data drawing conclusions based on evidence classifying data reporting data
question

Three early forms of written communication were:
answer

hieroglyphs. petroglyphs. cuneiform
question

The age in which early humans made tools is called the _____.
answer

Paleolithic Age
question

Prehistory can be described as _____.
answer

the time prior to the use of written records
question

Three things that affect a historian’s perspective on past events are _____.
answer

upbringing political views religious views
question

Diseases spread more easily in agrarian societies due to which of the following?
answer

Living in societies meant living closer to other people and sharing resources in close contact.
question

What are the three most important reasons for studying history?
answer

recognizing patterns connecting the past to the present revealing past contributions of civilizations
question

Historians are concerned with accuracy of their writings and readings but are also aware of __________.
answer

biases, perspectives, beliefs, and a variety of other differences
question

Agrarian societies were based around _____.
answer

agriculture
question

Examples of primary sources would include _____.
answer

letters, artifacts, human remains
question

The steppes of Ukraine and southern Russia are important for what reason?
answer

It is where farming communities first began.
question

When rivers overflowed their banks, what would have happened in the Neolithic Era?
answer

Wild animals would have come to drink. Plants would have naturally grown. Farming communities would have taking advantage of the bounty and established habitations around them.
question

Which of the following statements best describes the first people to use language?
answer

They were pastoral people who traveled according to the needs of their herds.
question

The idea of farming took shape in many areas of the world. How do we know this?
answer

Archaeologists have excavated different regions with findings of very early agriculture.
question

Some of the things archaeologists study to gather information about early agrarian societies are _____.
answer

tools pollen grains animal and human remains
question

What are some of the characteristics of the six agrarian societies mentioned in this chapter?
answer

control of water through dams or canals advanced ideas or beliefs on death and burial evidence of metal tools and weapons many buildings used for a variety of reasons
question

What was the key element that led people to settle into an agricultural lifestyle?
answer

a ready-made and reliable water source
question

The first great leap for humans was _____.
answer

fire
question

Early civilizations developed along major rivers about 11,000 years ago. Which of the following was included as a consequence of early civilizations? Select all correct responses.
answer

Governments and religion Mathematics and astronomy
question

Some scholars believe that before they can have true civilization, societies must develop _____.
answer

Cities
question

Select two items that a civilization must have before cities can exist.
answer

Large population of farmers Enough food
question

The modern state is normally held to be _____ development.
answer

A recent
question

The tools and processes to make things and to satisfy human needs is the definition of _____.
answer

Technology
question

The invention that made food production more efficient was the _____.
answer

Plow
question

The interdependence of an advanced society demands the division or specialization of _____.
answer

Labor
question

Isolated, self-sufficient economic units mark a more _____ economy.
answer

primitive
question

Choose the polytheistic civilizations: (Select all that apply)
answer

Greeks Romans Egyptians Indians
question

Select four elements of civilization.
answer

Technology Division of labor Commerce and trade (Missing one)
question

Put the progress of early humans in the correct order of occurrence.
answer

1. first; discovered fertile valleys 2. second; settled down and developed agrarian societies 3. third; domesticated animals 4. fourth; developed agriculture 5. fifth; formed communities and civilizations
question

Ancient Egypt was concentrated along the _____.
answer

Nile River
question

The Indus Valley is situated between what two nations?
answer

Pakistan and India
question

The Indus Valley civilization was known for its _____.
answer

Streets in a grid of rectangles (Partial)
question

The economy of these early civilizations was based on _____.
answer

Agriculture
question

Who owned everything in Egypt?
answer

Pharaoh
question

Match the civilization with its famous architecture.
answer

1. Egypt: Pyramids 2. Mesopotamia; Ziggurats 3. Indus Valley; Water tank and citadels
question

The Epic of Gilgamesh was the product of the _____ civilization.
answer

Mesopatamian
question

This civilization invented a form of writing called hieroglyphics.
answer

Egypt
question

A kind of writing that used pictures of objects is called _____.
answer

Pictographs
question

Cuneiform was a writing system developed by the _____.
answer

Sumerians
question

The Code of Hammurabi consisted of _____.
answer

A set of laws
question

The Indus Valley civilization did much of its writing on _____.
answer

Seals
question

Which civilization’s writing has never been decoded?
answer

Harappan
question

Which of the following did the Code of Hammurabi regulate?
answer

marriage slavery farming slander
question

Once there was a food surplus, complexity within early river civilizations increased, as did __________, according to the archaeological record.
answer

Trade and commerce
question

The main economic activity of Egyptian, Harappan, and Sumerian civilizations was _____.
answer

Agriculture
question

What were the names of the two groups the Egyptians traded with in Africa?
answer

Kushites and Nubians
question

What are some inventions or ideas that helped to advance trade?
answer

flat-bottomed boats carts driven by animals seagoing vessels
question

What new social classes emerged due to advancements in agriculture?
answer

artisans, laborers, and merchants
question

Trade and commerce between civilizations helped to _____.
answer

exchange new ideas spread languages share new inventions
question

Trade brought people together with the exchange of goods, raw materials, and ideas. This was possible due to:
answer

Advancements in communication
question

One example of a moral code would be _____.
answer

Code of Hammurabi
question

Monotheistic means _____.
answer

Belief in one god
question

Which river system is NOT a location of the first civilizations?
answer

Yangtze
question

The Mesopotamia region was famous for what architecture?
answer

Ziggurats
question

The economy of early civilizations was based around _____.
answer

Agriculture
question

What nation was called \”the gift of the Nile\”?
answer

Egypt
question

Sumer was located in a region called _____.
answer

Mesopotamia
question

Cuneiform is a type of _____.
answer

Writing
question

This ancient book tells the story of a mythical king and a worldwide flood.
answer

The Epic of Gilgamesh
question

What was needed as a surplus to help create trade between cultures?
answer

Crops
question

Trade was foundational to the growth of cities because it ______.
answer

guaranteed an exchange of goods and ideas
question

An advanced society is marked by _____.
answer

Commerce and Trade
question

What was the punishment for the majority of the first 26 laws?
answer

Death
question

What type of civilization was Babylon, according to the following law from the Code of Hammurabi? 38. A chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent cannot assign his tenure of field, house, and garden to his wife or daughter, nor can he assign it for a debt.
answer

agrarian
question

Why was the development of mathematics important in Egyptian society?
answer

It helped regulate commerce and trade. Taxes could be more accurately assessed. Better buildings could be built.
question

List the social classes of the Shang Dynasty in order.
answer

top level: Nobles second level: Priests third level: Craftsmans bottom level: Peasants/ slaves
question

The most significant contribution of the Shang Dynasty was _____.
answer

Writing
question

The mythical culture that turned out to be real was called the _____.
answer

Xia
question

Both the Shang Dynasty and the Xia Dynasty were located along which river?
answer

Yellow River
question

_____ offered strong evidence of the existance of the Xia Dynasty.
answer

Uncovering artifacts of an advanced society
question

This region is thought to be the birthplace of the plow, around 3000 B.C.
answer

Mesopotamia
question

Three benefits of the plow are _____.
answer

greater possible yields the use of residue of the remaining crops as fertilizer a reduced amount of weeds
question

Rice is the world’s third-largest crop behind _____.
answer

Wheat and Corn
question

It is believed rice originated in the regions of _____.
answer

China
question

The island of Crete was inhabited by the _____.
answer

Minoans
question

Early seafaring trade centered on the _____.
answer

Mediterranean Sea
question

What was an essential key factor in the development of civilization during this period?
answer

reliable trade networks
question

The Chinese dynasty that followed the Xia was called _____.
answer

Shang
question

Which was NOT a member of early Chinese social classes?
answer

Scribes
question

What pattern was set for future Chinese dynasties?
answer

son or closest relative rules after the king dies
question

Choose the best historical explanation of oracle bones.
answer

Royal use of questioning the future on a bone that later provided evidence of writing of the Shang Dynasty.
question

The most important contribution of the Shang Dynasty was _____.
answer

Writing
question

Three early trading cultures along the Mediterranean Sea were _____.
answer

Crete, Byblos, Ugarit
question

How is the humble plow, one of the most important inventions in history, is important to farmers? Select all correct responses.
answer

It turns the top soil and any remaing crop over, producing fertilizer. It breaks up the soil for easier planting. By turning over the soil, weeds are reduced.
question

The Minoans inhabited the island of _____.
answer

Crete
question

Shang Dynasty craftsmen were known for their _____.
answer

All of the above
question

The majority of Shang Dynasty writing was done on _____.
answer

Bamboo
question

Early traders navigated the seas with the help of the _____.
answer

North Star
question

Crete was the crossroads that linked what three cultures?
answer

Africa, Asia, Europe
question

The Minoan civilization is known for _____.
answer

architecture silk agriculture (Partial)
question

Which of the following were advanced by trade in the second millennium? Select all that apply.
answer

civilizations cultural exchanges mercantilism language development
question

The world’s population today is more than 7 billion people living _____________________.
answer

anywhere on the earth
question

Trace historic reasons for the increase in global populations by selecting all correct answers.
answer

Around 8,000 BC people learned to farm and raise animals. In the 15th century, plants from the Americas were taken to Europe to provide new foods. Life expectancy increased with treatment for diseases.
question

What was an effect of the discovery of the New World in the late fifteenth century?
answer

global exchange of plant life
question

Which of the following could affect the human population?
answer

A deadly virus emerges that can pass from human to human. A civil war breaks out in Italy.
question

The forced transport of Africans to the Americas as part of the Atlantic slave trade was an example of which factor affecting population?
answer

international migration
question

In 2004, a tsunami affected the population of _____.
answer

Asia
question

Why is most of the growth in global population seen in developing countries?
answer

Due to sanitation and agricultural advances, yet poverty and lack of family planning.
question

In the 1970s, how did the Chinese government seek to limit the country’s population growth?
answer

by encouraging families to have one child each
question

From this lesson, in what ways have some nations tried to educate their populations regarding the number of children that couples have?
answer

by producing posters by creating television ads
question

If most of the population growth in the future is expected to take place in developing countries, predict what effects this will likely have.
answer

People in these countries will live in poverty. There will be an increase in demand for access to basic goods and services.
question

An infectious disease outbreak that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a large number of the population is called a(n):
answer

Pandemic
question

Deadly pandemics have claimed lives around the world for hundreds of years with the most recent influenza pandemic being
answer

The Spanish Flu of 1918
question

Why did the 1918 outbreak of the Spanish flu cause so many deaths?
answer

The influenza virus was a strain to which people had no immunity.
question

An account of the first recorded pandemic in human history was written by _____.
answer

Thucydides
question

While the threat of future pandemics is present, how can countries prepare to protect their population? Select all correct responses.
answer

Invest in vaccine research Maintain a supply of anti-viral medications Create an alert system (Partial)
question

A group of volunteers in San Francisco began making a quilt in 1987 to honor their friends and family members who had died of _____.
answer

AIDS
question

Where have the highest number of HIV infections been reported?
answer

Sub-Saharan Africa
question

What is likely to happen to a country’s economy if its population is affected by a disease pandemic?
answer

Economic productivity would decline.
question

HIV is the virus that causes ________________.
answer

AIDS
question

What is the most deadly viral disease that scientists know of?
answer

Ebola
question

Experts predict that a future disease outbreak will spread _______________ because much of the world’s population lives in crowded urban areas.
answer

Rapidly
question

How did the Industrial Revolution change society? Select all the correct responses.
answer

People moved from rural areas into cities to be closer to factories. Disease spread easily with people living closer together. Educational facilities were needed so workers would learn to read and write. Housing for workers was needed.
question

What new technologies can be used as forces for good as well as for evil?
answer

artificial intelligence biomedical technologies agricultural technologies drones
question

Which of the following explains how medical technology is changing our modern society?
answer

the use of tissue and organ transplants the use of laser technologies to avoid open-heart surgery
question

There were widespread agrarian societies during the _______ era.
answer

Neolithic
question

Hierarchical societies became more organized during the ________ era.
answer

Neolithic
question

A characteristic of this era was the introduction of pottery.
answer

Mesolithic
question

What are three characteristics of the agricultural revolution?
answer

New tools made it possible for more crops to be grown. Larger cities became a reality. Farmers learned to control water through wells and canals.
question

Match the inventor with his invention.
answer

1. Fox Talbot- photographs 2. Isaac Singer- sewing machine 3. Etienne Lenoir- gasoline engine 4. Alfred Nobel- dynamite 5. Wilhelm Roentgen- x-rays
question

In what areas did major changes take place during the Industrial Revolution?
answer

mining manufacturing textiles
question

What are three characteristics of the Agricultural Revolution?
answer

Larger cities became a reality. New tools made it possible for more crops to be grown. Farmers learned to control water through canals and wells.
question

Which of the following is an \”old\” country and has a declining population?
answer

Japan
question

Pandemics are a spread of disease covering ________________________.
answer

a very wide geographic area
question

Which of the following could affect the human population?
answer

An ethnic war breaks out in Eastern Europe. A deadly virus starts a pandemic.
question

In the sixth century, an outbreak of ____________ killed forty percent of Constantinople’s population.
answer

bubonic plague
question

Which of the following are examples of pandemics?
answer

The Spanish flu that broke out in 1918. The bubonic plague that swept across Europe in the mid-1300s.
question

The Industrial Revolution saw many people moving from the ________ to the ________.
answer

rural areas, urban areas
question

In history, what altered the development and population of sub-Saharan Africa?
answer

The Atlantic slave trade.
question

All of the following are considered major turning points in human history except:
answer

exploration
question

The World Health Organization has the goals of which of the following for global health?
answer

preparedness awareness detection alert systems vaccine research
question

The agency that collects data that focuses on people, such as population, income, and age, is the ______.
answer

U.S. Census Bureau
question

What has been an effect of the AIDS pandemic?
answer

There has been a decline in economic productivity in countries affected by AIDS.
question

To find environmental health information, you would use which governmental agency?
answer

U.S. Geological Survey
question

What types of data does the U.S. Census Bureau collects?
answer

public education finances employment growth population density poverty distribution
question

Natural Philosophy was a switch from what worldview?
answer

medieval
question

This period formed the foundation of the modern world:
answer

French Revolution to World War I
question

Which statement best defines an entrepreneur?
answer

Businessperson increases industrial production during the Industrial Revolution.
question

Which event opened Asian countries to trade with Europe?
answer

Opium wars
question

Which is not characteristic of the military and fiscal revolution?
answer

Countries used unfavorable trade treaties.
question

Which term best describes a country formed on a shared culture, history, and language?
answer

nationalism
question

Which of the following factors is not responsible for European dominance in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries?
answer

shift of military power away from European countries
question

To establish the People’s Republic of China in 1949, a revolution occurred. What political background was successful for the new People’s Republic of China?
answer

Chinese Communists
question

What was an immediate cause of the 1789 French Revolution?
answer

a financial crisis
question

What was the immediate cause of the Springtime of the Peoples?
answer

a revolution in france
question

Who is a Nicaraguan national hero?
answer

Augusto César Sandino
question

By invoking the image of past national heroes, revolutionaries can_____.
answer

gain support for their movement
question

Nationalism rejects _____.
answer

foreign influences
question

Which of Marx and Engle’s ideas were influencial in the 1917 Russian Revolution? Choose all correct reponses.
answer

They wrote of all property being used for the benefit of all the society’s members. They wrote of a society in which social classes and the state disappear. (partial)
question

A system of ideas is called _____.
answer

an ideology
question

What form of government did the 1910 Chinese Revolution establish?
answer

a republic
question

In Chile, who initiated the \”revolution from above?\”
answer

Salvador Allende
question

The 1979 Iranian Revolution established _____.
answer

an Islamic republic
question

Italian nationalist Garibaldi showed great perserverance by returning to Italy after a failed attempt against the Austrians, only to what?
answer

lead the next revolution to unify Italy
question

The three forms of nationalism mentioned in this lesson are _____.
answer

ethnic, political, religous
question

Currently, there are _________ sovereign countries in the United Nations.
answer

192
question

The development of nation-states began _____.
answer

in recent times
question

Two factors that make it difficult for people to retain a sense of nationalism are _____.
answer

globalization immigration
question

What are three reasons for mass immigration today?
answer

famine civil wars disease
question

Ethnicities wanting self governance is often a factor when seeking the status of a nation-state. An example would be the countries created following
answer

the fall of the soviet union
question

__________ is characterized by the unregulated exchange of services and goods.
answer

Free Market
question

According to the lesson, the economic doctrine that opposes government regulation of the economy is called _____.
answer

laissez-faire
question

Socioeconomic status can be based on which of the following factors?
answer

job income education
question

How did the United States stop the spread of Communism in Europe following World War II?
answer

by rebuilding the European economy through the Marshall Plan
question

The economic system that came out on top at the end of the Cold War was _____.
answer

capitalism
question

Pure communism has been proven to not work over the past century, while pure capitalism also has shown it needs some controls to reduce the chances of what?
answer

growth of monopolies and unfair trade practices
question

What best defines an economic system?
answer

process by which people choose how to use limited resources in order to meet their needs
question

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the new traditional economic system?
answer

The government will control the means of production.
question

What is the goal of a command economic system?
answer

to make society more equal
question

What is another term for a market economic system?
answer

capitalism
question

Basic economic questions are answered by the central authority in which economic system?
answer

command economic system
question

Mercantilism was based on a nation’s power and wealth, which was enabled by the _____.
answer

amount of precious metals that could be had
question

Which economic system allows for less freedoms of innovation?
answer

command economy
question

Adam Smith wrote the famous economics book _____.
answer

The Wealth of Nations
question

Which of the following best illustrates the traditional economic system?
answer

passing clothes down from older to younger brother
question

Match the following terms
answer

1. Free Enterprise System- private ownership of capital 2. mixed economy- private and state ownership of business 3. the former Soviet Union- command economy 4. land and capital- factors of production
question

Capitalism has evolved away from pure capitalism into ______________ throughout much of the world.
answer

mixed economy
question

Stratification is _____.
answer

the categorization of society into social classes
question

Which era saw the first domestication of animals?
answer

Mesolitihic
question

Family planning is a service that helps couples _____.
answer

decide if they will have children or how many children they will have
question

The pandemic that ravaged Constantinople in the sixth century was called the _____.
answer

Justinian Plague
question

A pandemic is _____.
answer

an infectious disease outbreak
question

Advances in which three areas resulted in European countries establishing colonial empires:
answer

technology Industrialization labor
question

The nationalist Giuseppe Garibaldi led a failed revolution to free ____________ from Austrian control in 1848.
answer

Italy
question

What is a significant difference between Socialism and Capitalism?
answer

Government or a central authority owns the means of production under Socialism.
question

What do all three economic systems have in common?
answer

Each system represents different answers to the four basic economic questions.
question

Mercantilism is a form of _____.
answer

Capitalism
question

The Russian Revolution of 1905 had its roots in _____.
answer

Russo-Japanese War economic and political issues
question

The major theatres of the Russo-Japanese War were:
answer

ort Arthur Liaodong Peninsula Mukden Yellow Sea Tsushima Straits along the railway line from Port Arthur to Harbin
question

What did the \”Emancipation Manifesto\” do?
answer

set serfs free and gave them land
question

Two of the secret revolutionary groups in Russia were _____.
answer

Populists Nihilists
question

The last czar of Russia was _____.
answer

Nicholas II
question

The leader of the Mensheviks was _____.
answer

Martov
question

What did the \”October Manifesto\” do?
answer

granted freedom of speech and assembly created an elected legislature
question

Which of the following were not direct causes of World War I?
answer

totalitarianism industrialism
question

The terrorist who ignited the flame of World War I was a member of what organization?
answer

The black hand
question

What was the original name given to the worldwide hostilities that began in 1914?
answer

The great war
question

What was a major component of the Schlieffen Plan?
answer

Germany would attack France first, then Russia.
question

Select the countries that made up the Allied Forces of the Triple Entente.
answer

Russia, France, Britian
question

Russia’s advancements were repelled in what was called ______.
answer

the great retreat
question

What brought about the February Revolution? (partial)
answer

food shortages greedy factory owners
question

What finally brought America into the war?
answer

Germany’s declaration of unlimited submarine warfare
question

Because of the devastation of World War l, what best describes international attitudes toward Germany?
answer

The world sought revenge through a peace treaty naming Germany as responsible for damages.
question

The four main Allies in World War I were _____.
answer

England France U.S. Russia
question

What were two terms of the peace treaty? (partial)
answer

Borders of some European nations changed. The United Nations was formed.
question

The treaty ending World War I was signed at the Palace of _____.
answer

versailles
question

What future world leader got his start as a result of Germany’s misery following World War I?
answer

Adolf Hitler
question

The treaty ending the war made _______ solely responsible for the war.
answer

Germany
question

What major Allied country refused to join the League of Nations?
answer

U.S.
question

How did the Japanese see the American people?
answer

as decadent and unscrupulous
question

Tojo, the Japanese military leader and prime minster, persuaded the emperor to do what?
answer

attack the U.S.
question

Another name for Nazi Germany was the _____.
answer

third reich
question

What are two things the Jews were blamed for by German propaganda?
answer

economic depression Germany’s defeat in World War I
question

The areas in Poland where Jews were forced to live were called _____.
answer

ghettos
question

The most infamous concentration camp was located at _____.
answer

Auschwitz
question

What were the Judenrates?
answer

jewish councils
question

World War II began with the German invasion of _____.
answer

poland
question

Why were the Japanese kamikaze pilots willing to crash their planes and die?
answer

The Japanese believed \”It’s better to die than to be captured.\”
question

What finally persuaded U.S. President Harry Truman to use the atomic bomb on Japan?
answer

It seemed that the Japanese would never surrender, no matter how badly they were beaten back.
question

World War I and World War II were both concentrated in _________ and _______ in scope.
answer

time global
question

What kind of epidemic struck Europe during World War I?
answer

influenza
question

What war was called the \”Great War\”?
answer

World War I
question

What four empires came to an end due to World War I?
answer

German Austro-Hungarian Russian Ottoman
question

What are three nations that were created after World War I?
answer

Latvia Czechoslovakia Lithuania
question

What are four outcomes of World War II?
answer

War ended with development of atomic bombs Political boarders are re-arranged Populations are discplaced Sustained economic growth occurred during reconstruction
question

As a consequence of the expense and devastation of the world wars, what became of the colonial lands?
answer

Colonies remained controlled by weakened countries that had fought in the wars.
question

What was the significance of the Balfour Declaration?
answer

It declared the intent to establish the nation of Israel.
question

In this lesson, EEC stands for:
answer

European Economic Community
question

Which Allied leader is described below? His peace plan for World War I was called the Fourteen Points. He believed Germany had to be punished for its role in World War I, but in a way that would lead to European reconciliation as opposed to revenge. He proposed the formation of a League of Nations
answer

Woodrow Wilson
question

Select A for Allies in World War I. Select C for Central Powers in World War I.
answer

Great Britain A France A Germany C United States A Russia A Austria-Hungary C
question

The Austro-Hungarian, Russian, German, and ______ empires came to an end as a result of World War I.
answer

Ottoman
question

Which of the following describes conditions in Germany following World War I?
answer

Germany experienced an economic depression. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis rose to power. Germans were dissatisfied with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
question

World War II began with the German invasion of _______.
answer

poland
question

Dachau and Auschwitz were ______.
answer

concentration camps
question

What happened during Kristallnacht?
answer

The Nazis arrested Jewish men and destroyed Jewish buildings.
question

The Nazi Propaganda Ministry ______.
answer

was headed by Dr. Joseph Goebbels spread pro-Nazi policies and ideas controlled the information in books, magazines, and movies
question

The EEC (European Economic Community) permitted what after World War II?
answer

allowed people to travel freely within member nations
question

What were a few of the underlying reasons that World War I began?
answer

militarism mutual defense alliances imperialism
question

________ Germany became a satellite of the Soviet Union following World War II.
answer

East
question

The \”Emancipation Manifesto\” signed by Czar Alexander II _____.
answer

gave serfs land
question

The leader of the Bolsheviks was _____.
answer

Lenin
question

The Anglo-Boer War was fought between the _____.
answer

English and Boers
question

Tension between the British and Boers was caused primarily by what things?
answer

competition culture
question

What are some of the origins or causes of the Anglo-Boer War?
answer

Uitlander grievances about taxes and suppressed rights the dynamite tax and proposed railroad construction
question

The Boers left Cape Colony to begin what two states?
answer

Orange Free State Transvaal
question

Match the three stages of the Anglo-Boer War to the correct order:
answer

1. the Boer offensive- stage 1 2. the British response- stage 2 3. guerilla war- stage 3
question

What qualities or characteristics made the Ottoman Empire influential across Europe?
answer

Culture, Islamic traditions, military leadership, geographic extent.
question

The Ottoman Empire was founded by _____ tribes in Anatolia.
answer

turkish
question

The coalition of various reform groups was called the _____.
answer

young turks
question

The Ottoman Empire joined forces with the ______ powers during World War I.
answer

Central
question

Two characteristics of the Constitution of 1876 were _____.
answer

two-chamber parliament executive power given to the ruler
question

The modern name for Anatolia is _____.
answer

Turkey
question

What reforms did the Young Turks demand? (partial)
answer

the right to vote emancipation of women
question

Sun Yat-sen was going to enact democracy in three phases. What were they?
answer

The army would rule while establishing national unity. The people would be educated on democracy and appoint leaders. There would be effective functioning of the branches of government with rights for people.
question

Sun Yat-sen’s Four Point Plan was based on the Three Principles of the People which were _____.
answer

Nationalism, Socialism, and Democracy
question

The goal of Chinese nationalism was to free China from _____.
answer

foreign imperialism corrupt treaties
question

The name of Sun Yat-sen’s party was the Chinese Nationalist Party, or _____.
answer

Kuomintang
question

The founding of modern China is credited to _____.
answer

Sun Yat-sen
question

What were three of the conditions leading to the May Fourth Intellectual Movement?
answer

rise of Chinese nationalism spread of public education rise of new intellectual class
question

Domesticated animals provided what three things for pastoral people? (partial)
answer

source of food source of milk, hides, and wool source of money
question

Match the vocabulary term with its meaning.
answer

1. a religious belied in many gods- polytheism 2. the religious practice of foretelling the future- divination 3. a religious belief in only one god- monotheism
question

What one characteristic did all six societies share?
answer

Technology
question

The _____ society did NOT have a centralized government.
answer

Pastoral
question

History is the interaction between _____.
answer

environment civilizations ideas
question

Match the vocabulary term with its meaning. (partial)
answer

1. a society that has a high level of culture and social organization- Civilization 2. a lifestyle of wandering from place to place- Pastoral 3. a life of tending livestock in open pastures- Nomadic 4. the process of settling down in one location- Sedentary 5. moving from one place to another for any number of reasons- Migration
question

The four major river valleys that were homes to early civilizations are _____.
answer

Yellow Nile Tigris and Euphrates Indus
question

The Shang Dynasty followed which dynasty?
answer

Xia
question

_____ was home to the Minoan people.
answer

Crete
question

The chariot was first used as a weapon by the _____.
answer

Hittites
question

The Code of Hammurabi is a product of this civilization.
answer

Mesopotamian
question

Match the kind of writing with the civilization that made it famous.
answer

1. Hieroglyphics- Egypt 2. Linear- Mycenaean 3. Cuneiform- Mesopotamia 4. Pictographs- Indus
question

The Epic of _____ tells the story of a mythological king and a worldwide flood.
answer

Gilgamesh
question

_______ was the most important contribution of the Shang Dynasty.
answer

Writing
question

The Indo-European language is thought to have originated around _____.
answer

Iran and Azerbaijan
question

This sentence is from which of the following? If anyone bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
answer

The Code of Hammurabi
question

How was theft dealt with in the Code of Hammurabi?
answer

paying restitution death
question

What two things did the wealthy merchants of ancient Egypt want? (Partial)
answer

beautiful buildings luxury items
question

Which of the following best describes the trade routes in the early River Valley Civilizations? Select all that apply. (Partial)
answer

They enabled Crete to become the crossroads for three different continents: Asia, Africa and Europe. Trade routes brought a cultural exchange that resulted in significant advancements in civilization throughout the region.
question

Sanskrit is the ancient language of _____.
answer

India
question

The state religion of the Han Dynasty was _____.
answer

Confucianism
question

India is the home to what two religions?
answer

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