Study Guide-Oncology

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Dedifferentiation means the same as a change in the structure and orientation of cells characterized by a loss of specialization and reversion to a more primitive form, which is known as
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anaplasia
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A highly malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system that most commonly occurs in the adrenal medulla with early metastasis spreading widely to the liver, lungs, lymph nodes, and bone is a
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neuroblastoma
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New and abnormal development of cells is known as:
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neoplasia
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The most common malignant tumor of epithelial tissue is:
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basal cell carcinoma
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A procedure that uses freezing temperature to remove tissue is known as
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cryosurgery
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TNM Classification System is an internationally recognized system for staging _________.
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neoplasms
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The suffix that is used to describe a benign tumor is:
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-oma
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___________ means to exhibit again the symptoms of a disease from which a patient appears to have recovered.
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relapse
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the process of cells becoming physically and functionally specialized.
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Differentiation
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The term that means \”characterized by a tendency to spread, infiltrate, and intrude\” is:
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invasive
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treatment of disease by using x-rays or gamma rays
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radiotherapy
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formation of a tumor
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oncogensis
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tending to become worse and cause death
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malignant
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emission of energy rays or waves
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radiation
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carcin/o
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cancer
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formation or growth
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-plasia
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a simple smear method of examining stained exfoliative cells
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pap smear
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tumor that reacts favorably to radiation
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radioresponsive tumor
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tumor that resists the effects of radiation
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radioresistent tumor
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scirrh/o
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hard
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an illness or abnormal condition or quality
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morbidity
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occurs in any structural region of the brain and may be malignant or benign
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intracranial tumors
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a precancerous lesion occurring anywhere in the mouth
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oral leukoplakia
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-oma
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tumor
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rough, warty
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verrucous
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malignant lung tumor that originates in the bronchi
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bronchogenic carcinoma
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destruction of tissue with electric sparks
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fulguration
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a malignant tumor of the kidney occurring during childhood
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wilm’s tumor
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malignant neoplasm
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carcinoma
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formation or growth
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-plasia
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destruction of tissue by burning
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electrocauterization
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formation of a tumor
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oncogensis
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tending to become worse and cause death
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malignant
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term that describes biochemical indicators that a malignancy is present in the body
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tumor markers
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_________ Classification System is an internationally recognized system for staging neoplasms
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TNM
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the process of cells becoming physically and functionally specialized
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differentiation
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malignant tumor that originate from supportive and connective tissue
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sarcomas
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means of or pertaining to a papilla or nipplelike projections
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papillary
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the largest group of malignant neoplams
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carcinomas
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solid tumors that originate from epitheleal tissue
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carcinomas
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a lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant, beginning with a painless enlarged lymph node and progressing to anemia, weakness, fever and weight loss is known as
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lymphoma
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malignant tumors _____________ adjacent cells and tissue as they increase in size
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invade
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benign tumors ___________ adjacent tissue as they increase in size
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displace
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term that means characterized by a tendency to spread, infiltrate and intrude is
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invasive
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the process by which malignant cells spread to other parts of the body
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metastasis
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new and abnormal development of cells in known as
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neoplasia
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the suffix used to describe a benign tumor
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-oma
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bronchogenic carcinoma is anopther name for
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lung cancer
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______ surgery is most often used to treat basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma
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MOHS
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term that refers to the extent of disease and relative size of the tumor
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staging
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a change or transformation is known as a
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mutation
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______ is the medical specialty concerned with the study of malignancy
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oncology
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the loss of cellular differentiation and a reversion to a more primitive form
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anaplasia
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a malignant tumor arising from nevi or freckles is called a
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malignant melanoma

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