SPK 201 Final Exam

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Competence and character are the most important factors affecting a speaker’s credibility.
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True
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To give the gist of someone’s statement in your own words is to…
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Paraphrase
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The more favorably listeners view a speaker’s competence and character, the more likely they are to accept what the speaker says.
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True
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Speakers who explain their expertise on the speech topic are likely to reduce their credibility with the audience.
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False
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A speaker can have high credibility for one audience and low credibility for another audience.
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True
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Establishing common ground with an audience is especially important in the introduction of a persuasive speech.
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True
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A speaker’s credibility is affected by everything she or he says and does during the speech.
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True
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One of the reasons to use visual aids in a speech is that you can break eye contact with the audience while discussing the aids.
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False
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Because a picture is worth a thousand words, it is a good idea to pass photographs among the audience in order to illustrate your point.Fa
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False
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When you design a visual aid, you should keep in mind the size of the room in which you will be speaking.
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True
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Printing your visual aid in ALL CAPITAL letters is a good way to make sure it will be easy for the audience to read.
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False
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Passing visual aids among the audience during a speech is helpful to a speaker because it allows listeners to inspect the aids at their own pace.
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False
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A visual aid is only as useful as the explanation that goes with it.
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True
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You should usually avoid drawing on your personal knowledge or experience when choosing a speech topic.
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False
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After choosing a topic, the next step in speech preparation is determining your general purpose.
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True
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The difference between informing and persuading is like the difference between teaching and advocating.
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True
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An audience’s response to a message is invariably colored by its perception of the speaker.
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True
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Public speaking is essentially like acting because once you learn a speech, you can give it over and over without adapting to the different audiences you address.
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False
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Every speech contains two messages—the one sent by the speaker and the one received by the listener.
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True
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Egocentrism is the belief that one’s culture is superior to all others.
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False
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The size of the audience is one of the factors to be considered in situational audience analysis.
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True
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As a speaker, you can usually assume that an audience will be interested in what you have to say.
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False
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Fortunately, stage fright only affects inexperienced speakers
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False
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Some nervousness before you speak is usually beneficial.
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True
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Most public speaking situations involve two-way communication.
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True
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You can articulate a word sharply and still mispronounce it.
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True
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Ways of talking based on ethnic or regional speech patterns are called dialects.
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True
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One of the major barriers to effective informative speaking is overestimating what the audience knows about the topic.
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True
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The more you assume your audience knows about your speech topic, the greater are your chances of being misunderstood.
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True
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Informative speakers need to work as hard as persuasive speakers at relating the topic directly to the audience.
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True
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Informative speakers should avoid explaining ideas in personal terms.
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False
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Personal examples are inappropriate for informative speeches on technical topics.
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False
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Whenever possible, you should try to enliven your informative speeches by expressing ideas in personal terms.
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True
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A startling introduction is effective only if it is firmly related to the speech topic.
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True
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It is usually a good idea to restate your topic at some point in the introduction, even if the listeners already know it.
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True
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Credibility is the audience’s perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic.
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True
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A “rhetorical question” is a question that the audience answers mentally rather than out loud.
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True
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It is inappropriate for a public speaker to say anything so obvious as “in conclusion.”
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False
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Regardless of what other methods you use to gain attention, you should always relate the topic to your audience in the introduction of a speech.
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True
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If the meaning of a word is clear to you, you can assume that it is also clear to your audience.
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False
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A public speaker needs to use big words to impress the audience.
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False
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Good speech delivery should call attention to itself.
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False
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When speaking impromptu, you should do your best to look calm and confident no matter how nervous you may be feeling.
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True
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Speaking from memory is most effective when a speaker wants to be very responsive to feedback from the audience.
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False
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Nonverbal communication is based on a person’s use of voice and body, rather than on the use of words.
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True
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Speaking extemporaneously requires almost no preparation.
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False
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An extemporaneous speech is carefully prepared and practiced in advance.
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True
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The “conversational quality” of extemporaneous speaking means that a speech has been well rehearsed yet sounds spontaneous to the audience.
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True
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A faster rate of speech is usually called for when a speaker is explaining complex information.
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False
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Vocalized pauses are an effective way to increase a speaker’s credibility.
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False
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As your textbook explains, hidden agendas are necessary for effective group discussion.
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False
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In many aspects of public speaking you will employ the skills of critical thinking.
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True
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A public speaker need only be concerned about ethics in the conclusion of a speech.
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False
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One of the best ways to avoid falling into the trap of plagiarism is to start work on your speeches well before they are due.
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True
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It is true, as the old adage says, that “sticks and stones can break my bones, but words can never hurt me.”
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False
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Public speakers need to take their ethical responsibilities as seriously as their strategic objectives.
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True
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Sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines.
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True
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Unlike writers, public speakers can present other people’s ideas as their own without being guilty of plagiarism.
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False
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It is necessary for a public speaker to identify his or her source whether the speaker is paraphrasing or quoting verbatim.
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True
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Whenever you quote someone directly in a speech, you must attribute the words to that person.
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True
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As a matter of ethics, audience members should listen attentively to and agree with everything a speaker says.
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False
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It is possible to disagree entirely with a speaker’s ideas but still support the speaker’s right to express those ideas.
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True
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No matter how well intentioned they may be, efforts to protect society by restricting free speech usually end up repressing minority viewpoints and unpopular opinions.
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True
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Although examples work very well to clarify ideas in an informative speech, they are less effective in a persuasive speech.
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False
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Examples are particularly effective as supporting materials because they help get the audience involved in a speech.
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True
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Brief examples can be used either to illustrate a point or to introduce a topic.
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True
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A hypothetical example describes an imaginary or fictitious situation.
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True
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It is seldom necessary to cite the source of statistics in a speech.
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False
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Your textbook recommends using visual aids to make statistics easier for listeners to comprehend.
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True
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In most cases, you should round off statistics when presenting them in a speech.
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True
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The introduction of a speech usually should be prepared before the body.
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False
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According to your textbook, it is usually best to prepare the body of the speech before the introduction.
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True
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Most speeches should contain from two to five main points.
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True
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When developing a speech, you should try to roughly balance the amount of time devoted to each main point.
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True
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If your topic is clear in the body of the speech, there is no need to state it in the introduction.
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False
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Using visual aids is an acceptable method of gaining attention in the introduction of a speech.
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True
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Goodwill is the audience’s perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic.
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False
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Establishing goodwill is more likely to be necessary in the introduction of a persuasive speech than in the introduction of an informative speech.
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True
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Establishing goodwill is especially necessary in the introduction of a speech presented to a hostile audience.
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True
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Under normal circumstances the introduction should constitute about 10 to 20 percent of a speech.
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True
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Under normal circumstances, you should work out the exact wording of your introduction after you have finished preparing the body of your speech.
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True
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As your textbook explains, working out a speech introduction in detail can help reduce a speaker’s sense of stage fright.
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True
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The only way to convey that your speech is ending is through the use of words such as “In conclusion.”
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False
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When concluding a speech, it is inappropriate to refer back to ideas mentioned in the introduction.
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False
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Referring back to the introduction in your conclusion is a good way to give the speech psychological unity.
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True
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The conclusion should normally comprise about 5 to 10 percent of a speech.
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True
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One function of a speech conclusion is to reinforce the speaker’s specific purpose sentence.
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True
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A speaker should avoid using familiar words because they make a speech sound trite.
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False
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In dealing with technical topics, a speaker has little choice but to use technical language.
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False
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Impromptu speaking gives more precise control over thought and language than does extemporaneous speaking.
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False
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“Conversational quality” in a speech means that the speaker talks the same as she or he would in ordinary conversation.
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False
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When a speaker’s body language is inconsistent with her or his words, listeners often believe the body language rather than the words.
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True
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Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?
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a teacher explaining the requirements for an assignment
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Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?
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a doctor explaining how antioxidants affect the body
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Audience analysis and adaptation are less challenging in persuasive speaking than in speaking to inform.
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False
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Concentrating on a target audience means that a persuasive speaker can ignore the rest of her or his listeners.
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False
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As in other forms of communication, effective listening is vital to communication in small-group discussion.
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True
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Public speaking usually requires more formal language than everyday conversation.
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True
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When you adjust to the situation of a public speech, you are doing on a larger scale what you do everyday in conversation.
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True
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Public speaking is more highly structured than everyday conversation.
answer

True

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