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SPEECH 1315 Final Exam Essay

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Abstract words usually mean the same thing to all listeners.
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False
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A speaker who blames doctors for the rise in lung cancer deaths is engaging in
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scapegoating
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Which method of public speaking involves looking at the audience most of the time, while occasionally glancing at brief notes?
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extemporaneous
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If there are discrepancies between the verbal and nonverbal components of a speech, listeners will probably
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accept the nonverbal as the true message
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A speech, says management consultant David W. Richardson, takes place in
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the minds of the listeners
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Switching your thoughts from “I’m going to fail” to “I will give the audience some good information” is a technique known as changing your
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self-talk
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Memorizing a speech is a bad technique for handling nervousness.
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True
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Acting as if you are poised and confident
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sometimes leads to actually becoming poised and confident
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A shy person’s shyness will block that person from giving a good, dynamic speech.
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False
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If you feel yourself approaching panic (your heart is beating furiously and so on), you should leave the room or ask to be excused from speaking.
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False
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Listeners who multitask (perform a variety of activities) usually retain
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less information than listeners who focus on just the speaker
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A headache causes which type of distraction?
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physical
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Taking notes while engaged in a one-on-one discussion with your supervisor
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is a compliment to the superior
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Which of these comments would be helpful for an evaluator to make to a speaker?
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“Try to speak in a conversational manner”
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It is more important for a listener to remember the main points of a speech than to remember support materials.
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True
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According to advice given in the text, a speaker who is addressing hearing-impaired listeners doesn’t need to
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exaggerate words
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A taboo is
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a prohibition
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The belief that one’s own cultural group is superior to other groups is known as
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superiority complex
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For blind or visually impaired listeners with a seeing-eye dog, it is a good idea for a speaker to be friendly with the dog before the speech by talking to it in a soft voice.
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False
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The text recommends that an invitation to company employees should be worded as:
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“You and your guest are invited to the company picnic.”
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A verb form beginning with “to” is called
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an infinitive
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In the informative speech, your overriding concern is to win the listeners to your way of thinking.
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False
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The central idea of a speech should begin with an infinitive.
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False
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A good way to find speech topics is to explore the Internet.
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True
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“Food-borne illnesses” is an example of
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a topic
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“Parrots as pets” is an example of
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a topic
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In research, which of the following resources is likeliest to yield the most up-to-date information?
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an interview with an expert
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“What percentage of registered voters actually voted in the last presidential election?” is an example of ____________ type of question.
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a closed
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If you want to ask dog experts on the Internet about their experiences with electronic fences, your best strategy is to post a query via
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discussion forums
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A vlog specializes in
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video files
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The text says that interviewing an expert via e-mail is
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an acceptable method
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A blog has limited value for researchers because it covers only the views of individuals.
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False
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Which one of the following is on the textbook’s list of criteria for high-quality information?
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current
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Sites at which Internet domain tend to be the least objective?
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.com
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A speaker says, “In the latest issue of American Health, Dr. Emily Sanchez says that …” This is an example of
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an oral footnote
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Some Internet domain names include the country of origin.
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True
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Anything published before 1923 is no longer protected by copyright law.
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True
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If you make changes in copyrighted material, it is no longer protected under copyright law.
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False
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“Companies such as Canon, Nikon, and Olympus make digital cameras.” This sentence illustrates the use of
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examples
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“Sleet is harsh and icy, whereas snow is soft and fluffy” is an example of
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contrast
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Abbreviations such as FTC should be explained in a speech.
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True
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Support materials always constitute proof of an assertion.
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False
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Imagine five people of the following ages: 32, 28, 20, 18, and 17. The 20-year-old has the __________ age.
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median
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The more statistics used in a persuasive speech, the better the speech will be.
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False
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Creating a graphic on a whiteboard or chalkboard during a speech is an effective way to hold the audience’s attention.
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False
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It is legal to download an image from the Internet without asking for permission if the use of the image is limited to
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a student speech in a college classroom
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Regarding a speaker’s credibility with an audience, which one of the following statements is true?
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A speaker is better off using no visual aids at all than poor ones.
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The text advises that you “aim for back-row comprehension.” This means that you should
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make sure all visuals can be clearly seen by people in the back of the room
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Labels on visual aids should be
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horizontal
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It is legal to download multimedia files from the Internet if they are to be used in
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classroom speeches
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A speaker says, “How long will America continue to be plagued with child abuse?” This is an example of ________________ question.
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a rhetorical
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You can signal the end of a speech with
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both verbal and nonverbal signals
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You should never bring new main points into the conclusion.
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True
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If you didn’t have enough time to prepare your speech, the conclusion is a good place to apologize to the audience.
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False
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The text says, “Quotations usually work best when they are ______________.”
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Short
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“Czech It Out! Why You Should Visit Prague” is an ______________ title for a speech.
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Acceptable
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An outline has a title, but the speaker does not actually say it in the speech.
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True
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A topic outline has more words than a complete-sentence outline.
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False
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Using notes in a speech
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shows preparedness and respect for the audience
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Roman numerals (I, II, III, and so on) should be used in an outline for
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major divisions
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“The sad sister sat on a silver seat” is an example of
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alliteration
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“Her and me went to Chicago” is grammatically correct.
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False
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“The deafening din of dynamite” is an example of antithesis.
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False
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A dictionary definition of a word is its
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denotation
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If the person who sends your car through a car wash is called “a corrosion control specialist,” what type of language is being used?
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doublespeak
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A few audience members are rudely chatting among themselves during your speech, distracting other listeners. Which one of the following solutions is unacceptable?
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Ignore the talkers.
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“Uh” and “um” are examples of what the text calls
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verbal fillers
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When you speak into a microphone, you should raise your voice slightly.
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False
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Which one of the following statements about pauses is false?
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Pauses should last a minimum of ten seconds.
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If nonverbal communication contradicts verbal messages, listeners will accept _________________________ as the true message.
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the nonverbal
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According to the text, one of the goals of informative speaking is to convey what kind of information?
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fresh
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In a first aid class, a nurse says, “To control bleeding, remember RED, which stands for Rest, Elevation, and Direct pressure.” Which learning device is the nurse using?
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acronym
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“To inform my audience about the dangers of quicksand” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
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explanation
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In a speech to a graduating high school class, you can assume that all the students know basic information, such as the fact that Alaska and Hawaii were the last states admitted to the United States.
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False
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A speaker explains why most car thieves steal 10-year-old cars rather than new cars. The speaker is likely to use the __________________ pattern of organization.
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statement-of-reasons
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“To tell my listeners how porpoises are trained to do out-of-water stunts” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
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Process
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“To convince listeners to reject the idea that tornadoes are incapable of striking large cities.” This is an example of a specific purpose statement for
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a speech of refutation
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Speakers should ask for a show of hands only when they are sure that most listeners will be eager and unembarrassed to make a public commitment.
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True
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If you show the audience the impact of brain injuries in child athletes and then tell how to improve the situation, you are using which organizational pattern?
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problem-solution
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It is __________________ for a persuasive speech to include sections that seem identical to sections of an informative speech.
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acceptable
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The first step in the motivated sequence is
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attention
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The text advocates applying pressure to those listeners who are reluctant to take action on a proposal.
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False
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“Because Germans are the smartest engineers in the world, you should buy a German-made car.” This speaker is guilty of using what kind of fallacy in reasoning?
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straw man
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Reasoning that moves from a generalization to a specific conclusion is
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deductive reasoning
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Explaining your expertise on your subject matter is a good way to build credibility with an audience.
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True
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In persuasive speaking, it is unethical for the speaker to stir up both positive and negative emotions.
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True
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A speaker says, “There is no need for me to refute Senator Smith’s ideas about regulating professional baseball. Senator Smith is unqualified to speak on baseball because he has never played any sport on the high school, collegiate, or professional level.” This speaker is guilty of using which type of fallacy in reasoning?
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attack on a person
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A speaker wants to persuade an audience to stop engaging in unhealthy behavior. Which level of fear is most effective in accomplishing this objective?
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a high level of fear
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The speech of introduction should
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give background information about the speaker
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A speech of introduction should be kept under _______ minutes.
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3
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The safest kind of joke is
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self-deprecating
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A key objective of the ____________________ speech is to get the speaker and audience interested in each other.
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introduction
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A speech designed to formally bestow an award of honor is known as the speech of
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presentation
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An important dimension of inspirational speaking is
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delivery
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For panel moderators, open-ended questions are the best way to stimulate discussion.
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True
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In a meeting, the leader should periodically summarize the group’s work.
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True
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At the beginning of a meeting, the leader should review the purpose of the meeting and the scope of the group’s power.
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True
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If you are part of a team and one of your team members is speaking to an audience, what signal would you send the audience if you review your notes?
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“What’s being said is not very important.”
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A team presentation is like a speech given by an individual except that the content is divided among the team members.
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True
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In a meeting, the group leader should forbid
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attacks on people or ideas