Social Welfare 1

question

How are social programs distributed?
answer

Cash, housing, social services, etc
question

How do we pay for social programs?
answer

Taxes
question

Social welfare definition
answer

Actions of a government that impact the well-being of its citizens
question

Residual social welfare
answer

Assumes that the problem is a temporary crisis. Assumes the problem is in control of the individual Means testing/last option Meant to be temporary help
question

Institutional social welfare
answer

Social problems are not just immediate. Based on problems associated with modern life (i.e. aging and income security)
question

3 Types of social welfare services
answer

income (Social security, TANF), services (mental health services, chold welfare), in-kind benefits(medicare, food stamps)
question

American Social Welfare state
answer

federal social programs are best way to help disadvantaged best viewed through political-economic lens Mix of public/private services tradition of volunteering
question

USA values regarding social welfare
answer

work ethic the individual is responsible for oneself religion (Christianity)
question

Political economy of American Social Welfare
answer

Democratic capitalism Main function of social welfare is to modify the play of market forces and to moderate the social/economic inequities the market generates
question

Democratic capitalism
answer

Open representative form of government that coexists with a market economy
question

3 major schools of economic thought
answer

Keynesian, Free market/classical, democratic socialism
question

Keynesian economy
answer

architecture of modern welfare state economies form backbone of political system demand/consumer side economics believes social welfare expenses are investment in social capital that increases national wealth Liberal
question

Free market
answer

Supply side/producers Conservative Social welfare programs detrimental to society Social good is realized by maximized self interest Best society is when everyone actively pursues their own good
question

Democratic socialism
answer

has faith in market economy but wants to make it more responsive to human needs pure capitalism isnt going to advocate for common good
question

USA political schools of though
answer

neo Liberalism, neo Conservative
question

secularism
answer

to draw away from religious orientation
question

Settlement houses
answer

1880s: Hull House/Jane addams help people in a neighborhood to organize
question

in kind benefits
answer

benefits provided as proxies for cash (food stamps, housing vouchers)
question

classical liberalism
answer

advancing the public good by promoting an expanding economy coupled with the growth of universal, non means tested social welfare and health care programs
question

neoliberalism
answer

more cautious of government, less antagonistic towards big business, and more skeptical of universal entitlements
question

self-reliance school
answer

industrial economic models are irrelevant to the needs of poor communities and often damaging to the spiritual life of people more is less, less is more
question

classical conservatism
answer

less government, less taxes Seperation of church and state, weaker federal government, more socially liberal than cultural conservastives people have right to live life as long as they dont hurt others in the process
question

neoconservatism
answer

transfer as much welfare from govt to private sector as possible income inequality is socially desireable
question

policy framework
answer

systematic model for examining a specific social welfare policy(s).
question

8 key elements of policy framework analysis
answer

systematically analyze a social policy or program reflect understanding that social policy is context sensitive employ rational methods of inquiry succeeding analysis should approximate same conclusion based on commitment to largest possible social benefit/lowest cost attempt to take into account unintended consequences consider alternative social policies examine impact on other social policies and public good
question

Why is prohibition a failed policy?
answer

didn’t decrease crime, didn’t increase family stability, led to organized crime
question

3 factors of policy viability
answer

Political, economic, administrative
question

Political feasibility
answer

which groups will support/oppose? estimate power base of those groups subject to public perception/opinion
question

Economic feasibility
answer

direct/indirect funding is there enough funding for successful implimentation? estimate future funding needs
question

Administrative feasibility
answer

Effectiveness and efficiencey
question

Most important religious influence in USA?
answer

Judeo-Christian
question

1601 Elizabethan poor laws
answer

Needy children given apprenticeships able bodied given work worthy poor were provided institutional or home relief
question

American social attitudes based on Protestant work ethic (TF)
answer

true
question

Social Darwinism
answer

survival of the fittest, reward entrepenuers, dont give much to poor Nazis
question

Dortheia Dix
answer

activist responsible for creation of first wave of American mental asylums
question

Definition of poverty
answer

deprivation self-perpetuating cycle often transmitted inter-generationally
question

Absolute poverty
answer

people that fall below a base standard of what is necessary for survival
question

relative poverty
answer

deprivation that is relative to the standard of living of majority of members in a society
question

3 categories of people in poverty
answer

Working poor Unemployed People with human capital deficits (poor healthcare, poor education, etc)
question

Poverty line/threshold
answer

official measure used for statistical purposes, determined by a given income level
question

Poverty guideline
answer

slightly lower poverty level than the threshold, used for determining eligibility requirements for federal programs
question

Discrimination & poverty
answer

linked to fabric of social welfare economic, spocial, and political discrimination leads to poverty
question

Social structuralism
answer

Caused by discrimination, built in ideology, leads to actions against certain groups
question

Curative approach
answer

help poor become self supporting through changes in their personal lives and environment
question

Alleviative approach
answer

exemplified by public assistance programs (ease suffering)
question

Preventative approach
answer

exemplified by social insurance programs (social security)
question

Causes of discrimination
answer

Psychological interpretations, Normative cultural theories, Economic theories
question

Psychological interpretations
answer

Frustration-aggression theory: activated when individual needs become frustrated and a target is substituted Authoritatioan personality theory: reaction to authority
question

Normative cultural theories
answer

People are prejeduced because of their socialization society teaches discrimination and rewards conformity
question

Economic theories
answer

dominant groups discriminate to maintain economic/political advantage

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member