Social Studies

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
The flying shuttle, the spinning jenny, and the water frame were all advancements in the __________ industry.
textile
How much of the United States female population works outside of the home?
two-thirds
The World Bank is made up of which of the following institutions?
I. the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
II. the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
III. the International Development Association (IDA)
IV. the Grameen Bank
II. and III. only
The US economy received all of the following benefits as a result of technological advancements during industrialization except __________.
increased farm employment
All of the following are examples of unpaid labor, except __________.
cleaning the house of a wealthy family for small wages
Which of the following statements about quotas in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is false?
The US and Japan are the only countries with enough votes to block certain decisions single-handedly.
Which of the following statements is false?
The flying shuttle made the first air flight possible.
When a country joins the International Monetary Fund, it is assigned a(n) __________ based on the size of its __________.
quota . . . economy
Using complete sentences, explain the concept of gender-responsive budgeting and give an example of where it has been successful.
Gender-responsive budgeting is government planning specifically aimed at creating equal opportunities for women and advancing women’s rights. Morocco is one place where this has been successful. To increase the number of women receiving education, the government has expanded school lunch policies, extended medical services in schools, and provided transportation for students living in remote areas. The government is also providing vocational training, increasing access to microcredit loans, and establishing family planning clinics.
Using complete sentences, analyze the causes for gender disparity in developing nations and explain the challenges women face in these countries.
Women in the developing world are more likely to be poor than their male counterparts. They are also more likely to be at risk for hunger and face a higher risk for abuse. Women in developing countries face discrimination in education, health care, and employment. Furthermore, they rarely have access to financial assets or own land. Two-thirds of the world’s illiterate people are women. In many countries, families can only send one child to school, and that child is almost always male. Girls must sacrifice schooling in order to work. The work women do is more vulnerable to market fluctuations; therefore, women are more likely to lose their jobs in an economic downturn. Many women are in low-paying jobs, and some are even enslaved. They are more likely to work in harsh conditions and to be abused.
The Grameen Bank of Bangladesh __________.
started the practice and concept of microloans
Critics of the World Bank point out that it has not freed the world from poverty; however, advocates claim that World Bank projects have contributed to increases in __________ in developing countries.
adult literacy and life expectancy
Why does the United Nations consistently rank Sweden as the country with the most equal society?
The United Nations consistently rank Sweden as the country with the most equal society because of the government’s support of education and antidiscrimination laws. Sweden has one of the world’s highest rankings in education, and equality in education is a priority. Women also tend to marry later and have fewer children because they pursue academic and professional opportunities. 16 months of paid maternity leave is available for those women who do have children. Sweden’s antidiscrimination laws protect women’s rights in the workplace. Seventy-nine percent of women in Sweden work, and they earn 93 percent of a man’s salary.
In the United States, women earn cents for each dollar that a man earns. Can this be explained? What are the reasons?
In the United States, women earn 77 cents to the dollar that a man earns. One reason for this is that women are more likely to leave the workforce to take care of children. Another reason is that women are more likely to work in lower-paying fields like education, social services, and the humanities. However, this only explains the discrepancy to a degree. Less than 1% of CEOs are women; less than 15% of corporate board positions are held by women.
Worldwide, households headed by females are less likely to live in poverty.
False
Which of the following statements is false?
Michael Faraday was the first to drill a commercially successful oil well in the US.
Which totally revolutionized industry by increasing efficiency?
Not
the factory system
Which of the following energy sources is attributed to Edwin Drake and had a significant impact on industrialization during the Industrial Revolution?
petroleum energy
Which of the following inventions destroyed the first market for petroleum?
the light bulb
How did innovations and inventions best benefit both industry and citizens?
Not
by being produced faster
An __________ is an __________ that has been modified so that it is more useful.
innovation . . . invention
The shift from agriculture to industrialization illustrates that __________.
economies change over time
Which of the following statements is false?
Industrialization began with a flood of invention in the automotive industry.
Machines, tools, materials, and processes used to produce goods and services are defined as __________.
technology
Established during the Middle Ages, guilds were associations of skilled artisans designed to institute quality standards, establish training programs, and set prices in industries such as glassblowing or masonry. What most likely happened to the guild system following industrialization?
Guilds likely became less powerful as artisans were replaced by machinery.
Which of the following countries is the largest shareholder in the World Bank?
the United States
Countries that join the International Monetary Fund (IMF) must commit to __________.
pursuing stable economic policies
The fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, such as transportation, communication systems, power plants, and schools, are called ___________.
infrastructure
The primary purpose of Grameen Bank is to __________.
provide microcredit loans, especially to women
The International Monetary Fund makes __________ loans to countries based on specific goals and conditions.
installment
Oxfam America, Doctors Without Borders, and the Red Cross are examples of __________.
NGOs
Which of the following statements does not describe NGOs?
NGOs must be unaffiliated with a religion.
Which of the following statements is false?
The IMF and the World Bank focus their efforts on promoting world trade.
Which of the following is not a role of the IMF?
Not
Which of the following is not a role of the IMF?
An important function of __________ is to develop programs for rebuilding a nation’s economy.
the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Which of the following statements about female illegal migrant workers is false?
Their wages usually are higher than similar formal sector jobs in the same economy.
__________ training is that which pertains to a particular business or occupation.
Vocational
Women make up 45% of the world’s workforce. What percentage of these women live in poverty?
70%
__________ are small loans extended to people in poverty, typically those who are unable to get normal business loans
Microloans
Men are awarded more than half of all college degrees in the United States.
False
Which of the following statements about places where education for women is not valued is false?
Women marry later and have fewer children.
In the United States, women earn 77 cents for every dollar a man earns.
True
All of the following are steps the country of Morocco took to increase gender equality in society except __________.
the elimination of family planning clinics
In a low-income household in the developed world, more than 30% of a woman’s income typically goes toward __________.
Not
clothing and incidentals
Which of the following statements about equal societies is false?
Not
More equal societies have lower population growth.

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