Social Psychology 9th edition Chapter 3 Kassin, Fein, Markus

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affective forecasting
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The process of predicting how one would feel in response to future emotional events
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Bask in reflected glory (BIRG)
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To increase self-esteem by associating with others who are successful
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dialecticism
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An Eastern system of thought that accepts the coexistence of contradictory characteristics within a single person
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downward social comparisons
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The defensive tendency to compare ourselves with others who are worse off than we are
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facial feedback hypothesis
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The hypothesis that changes in facial expression can lead to corresponding changes in emotion.
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implicit egotism
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A non conscious form of self-enhancement.
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overjustification effect
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The tendency for intrinsic motivation to diminish for activities that have become associated with reward or other extrinsic factors.
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private self-consciousness
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A personality characteristic of individuals who are introspective, often attending to their own inner states.
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public self-consciousness
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A personality characteristic of individuals who focus on themselves as social objects, as seen by others.
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self-awareness theory
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The theory that self-focused attention leads people to notice self-discrepancies, thereby motivating either an escape from self-awareness or a change in behavior.
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self-concept
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The sum total of an individual’s beliefs about his or her own personal attributes.
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self-esteem
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An affective component of the self, consisting of a person’s positive and negative self-evaluations
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self-handicapping
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Behaviours designed to sabotage one’s own performance in order to provide a subsequent excuse for failure.
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self-monitoring
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The tendency to change behavior in response to the self-presentation concerns of the situation.
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self-perception theory
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The theory that when internal cues are difficult to interpret, people gain self-insight by observing their own behavior.
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self-presentation
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Strategies people use to shape what others think of them.
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self -regulation
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The process by which people control their thoughts, feelings, or behaviour in order to achieve a personal or social goal.
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self-schema
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A belief people hold about themselves that guides the processing of self-relevant information.
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social comparison theory
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The theory that people evaluate their own abilities and opinions by comparing themselves to others.
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Terror Management Theory
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The theory that humans cope with the fear of their own death by constructing worldviews that help to preserve their self-esteem.
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two-factor theory of emotion
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The theory that the experience of emotion is based on two factors: physiological arousal and a cognitive interpretation of that arousal.

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