SOC 201 Unit 2 Essay

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social stratification
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a system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative property, power, and prestige
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slavery in greece and rome
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slaves did the work, freeing citizens to engage in politics and the arts.
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india’s caste system
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status is determined by birth and is lifelong.it is based on religion. 3,000 years. someone who is born low status will always be low status, no matter how much that person may accomplish in life.
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ascribed status
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social position a person receives at birth or involuntarily later in life
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achieved status
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a social position a person takes on voluntarily that reflects personal ability and effort
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Marx’s social class
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social class of Bourgeoisie (owners) and Proletariat (workers)
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Bourgeoisie
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marx’s term for capitalists, those who own the means of production
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Proletariat
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marx’s term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production
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false class consciousness
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workers mistakenly thinking of themselves as capitalists
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Weber’s social class
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property, power, and prestige
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ideology vs. force
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ideology reigns in a nation, and force can be used too
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ruling elite’s two methods to control information
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manipulating media and tracking technology
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the three world model
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first world – industrialized capitalist nations. second world – communist or socialist countries. third world – any nation that did not fit into the first two categories.
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core nations
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the countries that industrialized first
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semiperiphery
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the economies of these nations, located aroun the mediterranean, stagnated because they grew dependent on trade with core nations
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periphery
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the fringe nations whose economies developed the least
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external areas
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the nations that were left out of the development of capitalism altogether.
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first world country
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industrialized capitalist nations
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second world country
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communist (or socialist) countries
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third world country
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any nation that does not fit into first or second world categories
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wealth
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when you add up the value of someone’s property and subtract that person’s debts (net worth)
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income
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a flow of money
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60 years
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US income over the past _____ has become even more gapped
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democratic facade
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an example would be a country where the elections were rigged or unfairly influenced by fear and intimidation.
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power elite
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those who make the big decisions in US society
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Erik Wright
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man who revised Marx’s concept of social classes: some people are members of more than one class at a time. they occupy contradictory class locations. capitalists, petty bourgeoisie, managers, and workers
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upper middle class
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The social class most shaped by education:
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social mobility
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the upward or downward movement in social classes
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feminization of poverty
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poverty is associated more with women because of the number of births to single women
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Race
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a group of people with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group
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minority group
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people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination.
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dominant group
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those who do the discriminating because they have the greater power, privileges, and social status
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ethnic work
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the way people construct their ethnicity
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prejudice
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an attitude. prejudging of some sort, usually in a negative way.
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discrimination
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an action. unfair treatment directed against someone.
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individual discrimination
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the negative treatment of one person by another
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institutional discrimination
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the broader picture of how discrimination is woven into the fabric of society.
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selective perception
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lead us to see certain things while they blind us to others
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reserve labor force
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the unemployed
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split labor market
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division of workers along racial-ethnic and gender lines
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colonization
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system of settling new lands that remain under the government of their native land
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segregation
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a social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
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internal colonialism
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the way in which a country’s dominant group exploits minority groups for its economic advantage.
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assimilation
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the process by which a minority group is absorbed into the mainstream culture.
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genocide
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deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
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forced assimilation
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the dominant group refuses to allow the minority to practice its own religion, to speak its language, or to follow its customs.
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Rosa Parks
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United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
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Mexico
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Where do the most Latinos trace their heritage to?
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William Julius Wilson
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says that social class has become more important than race in determining the life chances of african americans.
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boat people
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____ were lower class refugees and the fleers were well educated and well to do. (cuba)
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Asian
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What ethnic group is most likely to grow up with two parents and least likely to be born to a single mother?
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Native American
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What ethnic group has the highest rates of suicide?
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female circumcision
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feminists believe that ___ is a form of ritual torture to control female sexuality.
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frederick engels
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proposed that patriarchy came with the development of private property
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first wave of feminism
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Women attempt to vote, 14th and 15th ammendment grant women and black men to vote, organizations created (NWSA), new jobs for women, education opportunities, 19th ammendment, and reform begins to take place
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second wave of feminism
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1960’s-80’s, proponents of the equal rights act, fought for women’s right in the workplace, believe feminists should organize collectively to change patriarchal society; “Power Feminists”
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female chromosome configuration
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XX
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male chromosome configuration
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XY
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sexual harrassment
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unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature.
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75.6
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life expectancy of men in the US for 2010
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81.4
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life expectancy of women in the US for 2010
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as the meaning of old age was transformed, when it changed from an asset to a liability, not only did younger people come to view the elderly differently but the elderly also began to perceive themselves in a new light.
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How do symbolic interactionists believe that the social value of the elderly in America changed when the economy shifted from being based on agriculture to industry?
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to celebrate old age as a time of renewal, not simply as a period that precedes death, but as a new stage of growth.
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Because the first of the baby boom generation have now turned 50, how will this translate members of society view the elderly and why?
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EV1
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In the video, “Who Killed the Electric Car,” what is the name of the main vehicle featured?
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GM
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In the video, “Who Killed the Electric Car” who was the main auto manufacturer profiled?

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